US Nuclear Regulatory Commission & Reactor Emissions Part 2


What brought him out of the laboratory in 1953, Commoner declared afterward, was strontium-90, one of the radioisotopes contained in the fallout from nuclear tests in the atmosphere. His Committee for Nuclear Information set parents all over St. Louis to collecting their offspring’s baby teeth for testing, and found out that in addition to the normal element calcium, those teeth contained also ominous proportions of strontium-90, which behaves physically and chemically much like calcium and can combine in building bones and teeth in much the same way, except that strontium-90 is highly radioactive.

Barry Commoner Encyclopedia of World Biography | Date: 2004


Thirty-sixth Meeting of the General Advisory Committee to the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission August 17, 18, and 19, 1953 Washington, D. C. Lead role of Libby, Bugher in fallout considerations. Need to explore radio strontium uptake effects for any source. Human data important. Discussion on point source ingested radionuclide damage vs evenly distributed spread throughout body. Ie early discussion of “Hot Particles.” (citation of uptake by inhalation. Hot Particles 1st defined after discovery in lung of sheep same year (Dr Goldman) The Sr-90 in the Chicago baby, presumably accumulated mainly in the last two or three months of gestation, corresponds to about l/1000 of the tolerance figure. (Dr. Libby commented on the difficulty of obtaining human samples) suggested that stillborn babies, which are often physician for disposal, might be a practical source.) At 3:15 p.m. the Committee considered the recent developments in Gabriel, and in particular the extension of Gabriel carried out by Rand under the name Sunshine. Besides all members of the Committee, the Secretary, and Mr. Tomei, those present were: Dr. Arnold Kramish, Dr. Ernest Plesset, Dr. Lawrence Henderson, and Dr. Harold Mitchell of the Rand Corporation, Dr. Bugher, Dr. Claus, Dr. Western, Dr. Dunham, Gen. Fields, Capt. H. H. Haight, Col. Terrell, Dr. S. G. English, Dr. J. G. Beckerley, and Mr. C. L. Marshall. Dr. Bugher began the discussion by remarking on the origin and purposes of Gabriel. It was concluded, in agreement with earlier Gabriel studies, that the main global hazard is the ultimate ingestion of fission product strontium 90. This substance is an abundant fission product, and a bone seeker; the hazard is the development of bone cancer.

Various assumptions and features of the model adopted in Sunshine are the following. (1) That all of the Sr-90 formed is uniformly distributed over the surface of the globe (4) That the bones of an individual growing in an environment having a given ratio of Sr-90 to natural strontium will contain Sr90 and natural strontium in the same ratio (no isotopic fractionation). (5) That the amount of agriculturally available natural strontium per acre is 60 pounds, (6) That the norma1U.S. adult contains 0.7 g of strontium in his bones. (7)That one microcurie of Sr-90 per adult individual is the maximum amount which can be retained safely in the body. The amount of strontium in Japanese individuals is greater than the amount for occidentals; thus, the hazard to the Japanese may be greater. It was suggested that there nay be a possibility of prophylactic control of the Sr-90 hazard by feeding people more strontium (natural) and in some cases, more calcium. Dr. Libby reported on some measurements which have Sr-90 already been made as part of a pre-pilot” phase of the program.

OCTOBER 14, 1953

British detonate Totem 1 10 kilton fission bomb at Emu, in South Australia’s north. Emu is located in a sandy region prone to dust storms. It is located adjacent to significant Aboriginal religious and cultural sites. A Black mist rolled through Aboriginal communities one or two days after the Totem 1 detonation. People at Wallatinna Station at Granite Downs, 108 kms from Emu… (see Lallie Lennon’s story)

The story of the suffering inflicted by British and Australian authorities and society upon Aboriginal Australia as a result of the atomic tests is a long one, which has not ceased. In the context of this chronology of strontium knowledge, the sheer volume of information which results from data matching Australian

“The British Nuclear Weapons Programme 1952 – 2002”, Editors Douglas Holdstock and Frank Barnaby, ISBN 0-7146-8317-5, Frank Cass & Co, London, Appendix 2 page 148.

UNITED STATES AIR FORCE B29 bombers attend the test and take part in the failed attempt to track the complete body of fallout clouds. The flight log data is retained by the United States and never released to Australians.

The State of Florida from the 1950s to the 1970s collected and retained shed baby teeth as part of Project Sunshine. Nuclear opponents Drs Barry Commoner, John Gofman, Ernest Sternglass and others formed a foundation to privately continue the radio strontium monitoring of Florida’s shed baby teeth. The work continues today. It presents findings resulting from studies conducted openly by scientists as opposed to the original Atomic Energy Commission studies which were conducted in secret. These secret studies did not involve just the shed baby teeth but involved the snatching of human bodies by governments in the Western Alliance, including Australia (See “A Ministerial Admission” earlier in this blog).

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, though itself based upon the same methodology of human tissue study as described and conducted by the US Atomic Energy Commission under Libby and others in the 1950s (see above), states that the Florida Shed baby teeth survey Project (The Tooth Fairy Project) is “unscientific”.

If this is so, so to is the entire basis of the deliberations which existed at the creation of the NRC as it transformed from the AEC, which itself emerged from the Manhattan Project. A primary role of the NRC is to monitor nuclear emissions. It claims they are safe.

Today the Florida Tooth Fairy Project reports that the level of radio strontium in Florida’s shed baby teeth has reached the same concentrations as seen at the height of the era nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere. These same emission levels led President Kennedy to propose the Limited Test Ban Treaty, which came into force after the President’s assasination.

The only places which create and emit radio active fission products, specifically radio strontium are fission sources: 1. Nuclear weapons at time of detonation. 2. Operational Nuclear reactors.

The above background (from nuclear bomb testing) levels of radio strontium in teeth shed by today’s babies and infants in Florida can only come from emitters of radio strontium active during the babys’ lives. Since the ending of nuclear testing in the United States, the only creators and emitters of radio strontium are nuclear reactors. As the background levels of radio strontium from bombs continues to fall, an increase in the concentration of radio strontium has been observed in the shed teeth of present day babies in Forida.

The radio strontium is either present in today’s shed baby teeth in Florida or it isn’t. Interestingly, the NRC does not dispute the presence of Radio Strontium in present day shed baby teeth in Florida.

The NRC say the levels are safe. The Florida Tooth Fairy Project personnel say it is not safe. Prior to the 1940s, earth and its inhabitants had been exposed to Strontium 90.

The Florida Tooth Fairy Project states that the levels are not safe, just as Barry Commoner stated in 1953. As did Dr Linus Pauling. As did Dr Benjamin Spock. These and other people succeeded in ending the era of atmospheric nuclear testing.

They and we have failed to prevent the proliferation of nuclear reactors, which emit fission products, produce bomb fuel, which creates demand for uranium mining and which results in the problem of storage of high level nuclear waste.

It demonstrably introduces radio strontium into the bodies of babies in Florida.

It is the same science and the same debate which occurred in the 1950s in relation to bomb testing. Today it is related to emissions from nuclear reactors, which 24 hours a day all over the globe, emit various fission products, initially the gaseous primaries such as Krypton from which radio strontium (Sr90) forms.

The US EPA has stated that natural background in the form of radon exposure produces death and illness. If natural background is not safe, then any addition to it increases the rate of disease and death. (see earlier post).

Read about the Radiation and Public Health Project and its Tooth Fairy Project here:

Read the US Government’s NRC response to the Tooth Fairy Project here:

And don’t forget who established the scientific parameters used to monitor Radio Strontium in secret in the first place. It was the US Government and the NRC’s creator organ, the Atomic Energy Commission who administered Project Sunshine. And remember what was done in secret and to whom before you decide who to believe.

Don’t forget: there isnt an insurance company that will insure a nuclear reactor. That’s why the Price Anderson Act exists:

“The Price-Anderson Nuclear Industries Indemnity Act (commonly called the Price-Anderson Act) is a United States federal law, first passed in 1957 and since renewed several times, which governs liability-related issues for all non-military nuclear facilities constructed in the United States before 2026. The main purpose of the Act is to partially indemnify the nuclear industry against liability claims arising from nuclear incidents while still ensuring compensation coverage for the general public. The Act establishes a no fault insurance-type system in which the first $10 billion is industry-funded as described in the Act (any claims above the $10 billion would be covered by the federal government). At the time of the Act’s passing, it was considered necessary as an incentive for the private production of nuclear power — this was because investors were unwilling to accept the then-unquantified risks of nuclear energy without some limitation on their liability.

In 1978, the Act survived a constitutional challenge in the Supreme Court case Duke Power Co. v. Carolina Environmental Study Group (see below). The Act was last renewed in 2005 for a 20-year period.”

The insurance industry is pretty realistic. They won’t risk it. The NRC does.

More links:

Next: Back to the French Tests and the resultant fallout in Australian Milk.

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