The Limited Test Ban Treaty was one of the last acts of President Kennedy. The detonation of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere ceased in 1963. Only China and France refused to sign up.
The aim of the LTBT was to prevent further releases of the fission products into the global and local biosphere. To one generation of humans, at least, official measurement of Strontium 89, Cesium 137, Iodine 131 and the other poisons became a measure of how willing officialdom had by then, become willing to press-gang entire civilian populations into the military industrial complex. The world, we were told, was nothing but a vast battlefield. The would be the nations most able to convince its population not to argue.
Officials defended themselves by equating protest with panic. This has always been my opinon.
There was a conference in 1962. It was held at Cornell University. It was called the Conference on the transfer of calcium and strontium across biological membranes. The record of that Conference is worth a read. The book, edited by Harvery Wasserman, was published by Academic Press. But don’t let that stop you reading it. The Japanese authorities are surrounded on all sides by the evidence of history. They are surrounded by the evidence of today. Clean food for Fukushima. If there is insufficient clean food to go round, if there is not enough to feed all displaced people, Japan must say so.
There is no before and after snapshot of Australia’s cancer rate. The background cancer numbers upon which the carcinogens and mutagens from the 12 British bombs superimposed themselves is not known.
A national mandatory reporting system for cancer diagnosis did not exist in this country prior to 1974. Check that.
The USA took great pains to calculate the number of bombs needed to poison the planet beyond survivability. Focussed on Strontium 90, Project Sunshine looked only at long term risks. It ignored short lived and therefore much more radioactive isotopes such as Strontium 89. No Immediate Danger they said, from Strontium 90. We have to detonate at x hundreds of more bombs to get anywhere close.
WASSERMAN, R. H.
WASSERMAN, R. H.
The transfer of calcium and strontium across biological membranes. 1963 pp. xvii+443 pp.
This book covers the proceedings of a conference held at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York in 1962. It is well laid out in 7 sections; these deal with fundamental aspects of ion transfer across membranes, factors which affect the intestinal absorption of Ca and Sr and an examination of the transfer of these two elements across kidney, mammary gland, nerve and muscle.
The choice of contributors was good with the result that much interesting discussion of the papers was stimulated. It is a pity that Dr. Hogben’s paper on “General Aspects of Ion Transport” was not available for it to be included in full in this book.
The book provides a mine of up to date information for all workers interested in the subject of cation transport in general as well as that of the transport of Ca and Sr in particular. The bibliography is comprehensive and acts as a valuable source of references to further relevant work. There is a full account of the discussion which followed the end of each section: this is concluded by a summary of the more important points made by the preceding speakers.-A. D. Care.
This book studies in detail the factors which render people vulnerable to the uptake of radioactive strontium. The book focussing upon the radioactive isotopes of strontium. Though one would not know it from the title. No radioactive isotopes of strontium existed in the biosphere prior to the nuclear age. At a later date I will post some contents from it.
This just one radioactive substance out of over 250 present in the biosphere as a consequence of the Fukushima Event of 2011.
Worth a read:
KILLING OUR OWN
Chronicling the Disaster of America’s Experience with Atomic Radiation, 1945-1982
Harvey Wasserman & Norman Solomon with Robert Alvarez & Eleanor Walters
A Delta Book 1982
Online book, copyright waived.