Archive for May, 2011

Fukushima Soil Sample News. ‘Bout Time & it Ain’t good.

May 31, 2011

Dont know what the US is doing with the samples it collected in March. However Tomio Kawata, a fellow at the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan hasnt been sitting on his hands:

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-05-30/japan-risks-chernobyl-like-dead-zone-as-fukushima-soil-radiation-soars.html

Fukushima Debacle Risks Chernobyl ‘Dead Zone’ as Radiation in Soil Soars
By Yuriy Humber and Stuart Biggs – May 30, 2011 8:17 PM CT

Radioactive soil in pockets of areas near Japan’s crippled nuclear plant have reached the same level as Chernobyl, where a “dead zone” remains 25 years after the reactor in the former Soviet Union exploded.

Soil samples in areas outside the 20-kilometer (12 miles) exclusion zone around the Fukushima plant measured more than 1.48 million becquerels a square meter, the standard used for evacuating residents after the Chernobyl accident, Tomio Kawata, a fellow at the Nuclear Waste Management Organization of Japan, said in a research report published May 24 and given to the government.

Radiation from the plant has spread over 600 square kilometers (230 square miles), according to the report. The extent of contamination shows the government must move fast to avoid the same future for the area around Tokyo Electric Power Co.’s Fukushima Dai-Ichi plant as Chernobyl, scientists said. Technology has improved since the 1980s, meaning soil can be decontaminated with chemicals or by planting crops to absorb radioactive materials, allowing residents to return.

“We need to finish this treatment as quickly as possible, within three years at most,” Tetsuo Iguchi, a specialist in isotope analysis and radiation detection at Nagoya University in central Japan, said in a telephone interview. “If we take longer, people will give up on returning to their homes.”

Soil Samples

Soil samples showed one site with radiation from Cesium-137 exceeding 5 million becquerels per square meter about 25 kilometers to the northwest of the Fukushima plant, according to Kawata’s study. Five more sites about 30 kilometers from Dai- Ichi showed radiation exceeding 1.48 million becquerels per square meter.

When asked to comment on the report today, Tokyo Electric spokesman Tetsuya Terasawa said the radiation levels are in line with those found after a nuclear bomb test, which disperses plutonium. He declined to comment further.

Japan’s government introduced a mandatory exclusion zone 20 kilometers around the plant following the March 11 earthquake and tsunami that knocked out power leading to three reactor meltdowns. Kawata’s study didn’t include samples from inside the exclusion zone, where only government and Tokyo Electric staff may enter.

The government in April ordered the evacuation of towns including Iitate, Katsurao and Namie that are outside the 20- kilometer zone after finding high levels of radiation.
‘As Soon As Possible’

“Basically, the way in which the current zones have been drawn up aren’t a concern in terms of the impact on health,” said Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano. “Using Mr. Kawata’s report as a guide, we want to do what we can to improve the soil, so people can return as soon as possible.”

While the area containing soil pockets over 1.48 million becquerels a square meter is smaller than around Chernobyl –600 square kilometers compared with 3,100 square kilometers — the level of contamination means soil needs to be cleaned or removed before residents can return, Kawata said in his report.

“It might take about one or two years for people to return to land outside the 20-kilometer zone,” the University of Nagoya’s Iguchi said. “If we replace the soil, it is possible for people to return even inside the zone.”

The “dead zone” around Chernobyl remains at 30 kilometers, Mykola Kulinich, Ukraine’s ambassador to Japan, said in Tokyo on April 26, the 25th anniversary of the disaster.
Chernobyl Fallout

Belarus, which absorbed 80 percent of the fallout from the Chernobyl explosion, estimates that 2 million, or 20 percent of the population, was affected by the Chernobyl catastrophe, while about 23 percent of the country’s land was contaminated, according to a Belarus embassy website. About a fifth of the country’s agricultural land has been rendered unusable, which means some $700 million in losses each year, according to the website.

Using crops was one solution being considered by Belarus with the idea that grains harvested from contaminated areas could then be processed to make ethanol. A study funded by a philanthropy arm of Heineken NV (HEIA) found that radioactive elements do not transfer into ethanol and this would allow Belarus to become a major supplier of the liquid used to dilute gasoline to the European Union.

Crop planting was planned in areas of “low-level” radiation, Michael Rietveld, chief executive officer of Ireland’s Greenfield Partners, which agreed with the Belarus government in 2007 to develop an ethanol business project to decontaminate the soil, said in an interview October 2009.
Crop Planting

“There are cows walking over this land now,” Rietveld said in reference to Belarus. “People are living over there. It’s not a dangerous venture to use crops in low-contaminated areas. Most of the contamination is in the soil not the air.”

The global financial crisis hampered Greenfield’s fund raising and the project closed last year after the Belarus government expressed concerns about the Irish company’s ability to attract financing.

Another solution for Fukushima may be chemical treatment of the soil to allow cesium to be absorbed into porous crystals, such as zeolite, which are more visible and simpler to remove, the University of Nagoya’s Iguchi said.

Restoring the land may be more critical in Japan than Belarus, where the population density is about 46 people per square kilometer, according to United Nations data. That’s more than seven times less than the metric for Japan, where 127.6 million people live on about 378,000 square kilometers.
Road Map

Restoring land use in Fukushima hinges on Tokyo Electric, known as Tepco, ending the crisis at the nuclear station, where three reactors went into meltdown following the earthquake and tsunami that also left more than 23,000 people dead or missing.

The utility on April 17 set out a so-called road map to end the crisis in six to nine months. Tepco said it expects to achieve a sustained drop in radiation levels at the plant within three months, followed by a cold shutdown, where core reactor temperatures fall below 100 degrees Celsius.

The chance of Tepco achieving that goal is six or seven out of 10, William Ostendorff, a member of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, said at a hearing of the U.S. Senate Environment and Public Works Committee earlier this week.

Tepco has yet to decide how to deal with the plant site, Megumi Iwashita, a spokeswoman for the company said on May 26.

The most cost-effective solution may be to allow the cesium to move down into the soil to decay, Kathryn Higley, a radiation health physicist at Oregon State University in Corvallis, said in a telephone interview. Cesium has a half-life of about 30 years, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

“They’re going to make decisions on an acre-by-acre basis as to what’s going to happen to these facilities,” she said. “The area around Chernobyl is now a nature park. When you move 100,000 people out of an area, nature does pretty well.”

To contact the reporters on this story: Yuriy Humber in Tokyo at yhumber@bloomberg.net; Stuart Biggs in Tokyo at sbiggs3@bloomberg.net

end quote.

Still, that doesnt give the full fission product inventory released, nor does it indicate if any fuel is involved.

Amazing how long one has to wait for information in the current era.

No Nuke Germany will have to import electrcity?

May 30, 2011

I’m a pessimist. It takes time to shut a nuke plant, and ikts waste is around for thousands of years. Unless Germany engages in rapid R&D and energy investment, it will end up importing energy from other countries which still run nuke plants. Since 1945, R&D into nuke plants has strangled R&D in other areas of energy production world wide.

Anyway, here’s what Reuters says:

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/05/30/us-germany-nuclear-world-idUSTRE74T4P920110530

Analysis: German nuclear exit plan won’t draw many imitators

By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent

OSLO | Mon May 30, 2011 4:08pm EDT

OSLO (Reuters) – A German plan to shut all nuclear reactors by 2022 is unlikely to inspire many imitators abroad even though safety worries after Japan’s Fukushima accident have dimmed nuclear industry hopes of a renaissance, experts say.

Chancellor Angela Merkel’s phase-out plan risks boosting greenhouse gas emissions by aiding fossil fuel producers despite her assurances of a renewed drive to promote greener energies such as wind and solar power, they said.

“Most other countries are saying, ‘Let’s take a pause and learn lessons after Fukushima’, not ‘Let’s close down nuclear power’,” said Malcolm Grimston, a nuclear expert at the Chatham House think-tank in Britain.

“Germany is a special case, Merkel is in a special position,” he said. Merkel’s abrupt shift follows disastrous election results for her Christian Democrats and their Free Democrat allies, partly blamed on her former pro-nuclear views.

He predicted her plan could face legal challenges, perhaps from German utilities such as E.ON and RWE, damaged by closures. Beneficiaries might include French or Polish electricity generators that could export to Germany.

Hans Blix, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said he stuck to a view after Merkel’s plan that the Fukushima disaster would prove to be a “bump in the road, but not the end of the road” for atomic power around the world.

“I think it is an unwise decision but, perhaps in the circumstances of the German public opinion, almost inevitable,” he told Reuters.

Switzerland also plans to phase out nuclear power and Italy, the only non-nuclear Group of Eight nation, has shelved plans to build reactors. But many others, such as the United States, China, Britain and France, have remained broadly in support.

CHERNOBYL

“Germany is most sensitive” to public opinion against nuclear power, said Seppo Vuori, a nuclear expert at the VTT Technical Research Center of Finland and an author on the panel of U.N. climate scientists.

The Fukushima nuclear accident in March, triggered by an earthquake and tsunami, was the most serious since the Chernobyl reactor exploded in the former Soviet Union in 1986 and has prompted widespread calls for tighter safety rules.

On its website, the industry-backed World Nuclear Association speaks of a “nuclear renaissance” despite Fukushima.

It says atomic power can help meet increasing global energy demand, fight climate change and reduce reliance on imported energy. Nuclear power reactors account for far less greenhouse gases than fossil fuel plants over their lifetimes.

According to the IAEA, there are 64 nuclear reactors under construction worldwide, 27 of them in China and 11 in Russia. That is up from about 33 in 2007, Grimston said.

Sven Teske, a renewable energy expert at Greenpeace, said that “27 in China sounds a lot but it’s not much compared to the 350 coal-fired plants” built over a decade in China.

“I don’t think we have a nuclear renaissance, maybe a renaissance of nuclear PR (public relations),” he said.

The IAEA says that 440 reactors are in operation worldwide, led by 104 in the United States and 58 in France.

Teske said that Germany now had the opportunity to push hard for more renewable energies to help combat global warming. Merkel’s coalition said it would cut power use by 10 percent by 2020 and further expand renewables.

Blix said that Germany’s nuclear exit could bring higher greenhouse gas emissions, which are blamed for warming the planet in a trend the United Nations says will cause more floods, droughts and rising sea levels.

“It’s likely to mean higher carbon dioxide emissions,” Vuori agreed.

Governments agreed last December at U.N. talks in Mexico to limit a rise in world temperatures to below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6F) above pre-industrial times to slow global warming.

But the United Nations says that promises so far for cutting greenhouse gas emissions are far too small to meet that goal despite aggressive cuts by countries including Germany. That makes nuclear power attractive to some.

Last week, Merkel and other leaders at a G8 summit called for “comprehensive risk and safety assessments” of existing nuclear plants and tough standards for construction in areas prone to hazards such as earthquakes or tsunamis.

In a line delicately balancing the views of all G8 members, it said that “countries have different approaches…including the phasing-in or the phasing-out” of nuclear power.

(With extra reporting by Fredrik Dahl in Vienna; editing by Mark Heinrich)

Tepco / pro nukers defending actions

May 26, 2011

tepco
Lying since 1971 while drunk with arrogance.

Where are the Fukushima Soil Sample Results???

May 25, 2011

Does any normal person know? Or is it marked “Confidential for Pro nukers Only”?

http://www.slideshare.net/energy/radiation-monitoring-data-from-fukushima-area-05062011

“Radiological Assessment of effects from Fukushima Diiachi Nuclear Power Plant
6 May 2011, United States Department of Energy and NNSA:

“Operations Summary

* DOE/NNSA Aerial Measuring Systems have totaled more than 490 flight hours in support of aerial monitoring operations
* NNSA’s Consequence Management Response Teams have collected over 218,000 total field measurements taken by DOE, DoD, and Japanese monitoring assets
* More than 500 air samples taken at U.S. facilities throughout Japan undergoing lab analysis in the United States
* 136 total in situ ground spectra taken throughout Japan for lab analysis in US
* 115 Japan soil samples received, in-processed, and undergoing analysis

“…..Agricultural monitoring and possible intervention will be required for several hundred square kilometers surrounding the site:
# Soil and water samples are the only definitive method to determine agricultural countermeasures”

end quote.

When do we get to see the results Mr President? 2525?

Fukushima Residents undergo Radiation checks

May 25, 2011

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110525p2a00m0na015000c.html

Mainichi Daily News
25 May 2011

Many anxious Fukushima residents undergo radiation screening tests

OYAMA, Fukushima — An increasing number of residents here, feeling insecure about their health and discrimination against them, have taken screening tests for radiation, with a few of them found to have been exposed to levels of radiation higher than the legal limit.

As of May 24, a total of 192,500 people, or one in 10 people in Fukushima Prefecture, had taken screening tests since March 13 when the Fukushima Prefectural Government started the program in the wake of the nuclear crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant, which has been crippled by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.

There have been no cases of people found to have been exposed to levels of radiation higher than the legal limit since March 29. Many of the Fukushima residents decided to take the tests to receive “official endorsement” because some lodging and medical facilities asked them to prove that they are not contaminated with radiation.

The prefectural government started the screening program free of charge on March 13, using survey meters — portable radiation detection and measurement instruments. If radiation of 100,000 counts per minute (cpm) or higher is detected on a person, the whole body should be washed with water to get rid of the radiation. But since March 29 when the last person, or the 102nd person, went through the decontamination process, no one has had to be decontaminated for nearly two months.

On May 24 at the prefectural welfare office in Oyama, Fukushima Prefecture, Tomomi Sato, 32, underwent the test with her 1-year-old daughter, Himari. They measured less than 200 cpm of radiation each and received documents that said, “Nothing abnormal detected.”

The welfare office says there have been no cases of detecting 1,000 cmp or more of radiation — one hundredth of the legal limit — at least since the beginning of May. “Because I was worried about my daughter’s radiation exposure, we took the tests for the first time. I am relieved now, but I am still worried about the possible effects emerging 10 years or 20 years from now,” Sato said. At all venues where screening is conducted, documents that clarify each individual is not contaminated with radiation are issued in an effort to deal with groundless rumors about radiation contamination.

In late March, there were cases of some evacuation shelters asking refugees to show certificates to prove they were not contaminated with radiation. In April, children from Fukushima were bullied after evacuating to a city outside of Fukushima. There were some cases of hotels refusing to accept people from Fukushima.

“We have started issuing official documents since mid-March because we received requests from many people who said they would need to show the screening documents when they try to do things like taking medial checkups at medical facilities outside Fukushima,” said an official of the welfare office in Minamisoma.

end quote

This scanning for external deposits of radioactive material is not internal body scanning for internalised radioactive material. In this regard the principles of internal hazards, one of the foundations of nuclear health physics, appears to be ignored.

At this point the explanations and conclusions regarding internalised hot particles as provided by Dr Busby can be viewed without controversey, even if one might argue about resulting disease rates. It is obviously preferably not have a body burden of Tepcoi shit sitting in ones body.

No nukes for Australia. You cant trust em.

Pressure Vessel breaches at Fukushima confirmed

May 25, 2011

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110525p2a00m0na009000c.html

Mainichi Daily News Japan
25 May 2011

Two damaged reactors may have holes in their containment vessels: TEPCO data

Two damaged reactors may have holes in their containment vessels: TEPCO data

At least two reactors at the crippled Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant may have holes in their containment vessels, according to a report released by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) on May 24, a finding that could hamper efforts to meet a government-sanctioned timetable to end the crisis.

TEPCO, the operator of the troubled nuclear power plant, said in the report that meltdowns had occurred at the No. 1, 2 and 3 reactors. The report revealed for the first time the possibility of the No. 1 and 2 reactors having a hole about 7 centimeters in diameter and multiple holes about 10 centimeters in diameter in their respective containment vessels.

TEPCO said the damage caused by meltdowns to the pressure vessels of the No. 2 and 3 reactors was “limited.” But experts had questioned the status of their pressure vessels as well as their containment vessels because highly contaminated radioactive water was leaked into their turbine buildings. Therefore, it has become increasingly unclear whether the utility and the government can deliver on the roadmap that seeks to bring the nuclear power plant under control within six to nine months.

At around 8 p.m. on March 14, about 77 hours after the March 11 earthquake, the reactor core of the No. 2 reactor started to get damaged, the TEPCO report said. At about 9 a.m. on March 13, the core of the No. 3 reactor had started sustaining damage, it said. TEPCO concluded that either about half of the fuel had fallen onto the bottoms of the pressure vessels of the two reactors while the other half had remained where it should be, or most of the fuel had melted and dropped to the bottoms of the pressure vessels.

TEPCO, however, tends to believe that most of the fuel actually dropped to the bottom of the pressure vessels. Meltdowns had occurred at the No. 2 reactor at around 8 p.m. on March 15, about 101 hours after the magnitude-9.0 earthquake, and at the No. 3 reactor at around 3 a.m. on March 14, about 60 hours after the earthquake, TEPCO said in the report.

About six to eight hours later, the two reactors sustained damage to their pressure vessels, it said. Data shows the possibility of the No. 2 reactor having multiple holes about 10 centimeters in diameter and the No. 1 reactor having a hole about 7 centimeters in diameter.

Hydrogen explosions occurred at the No. 1, 2 and 3 reactors. TEPCO believes that as a result of fuel rods being damaged, 800 kilograms of hydrogen was created at the No. 1 reactor, 400 kilograms at the No. 2 reactor and 600 kilograms at the No. 3 reactor. The temperature in the reactors rose close to 3,000 degrees Celsius, hot enough to melt fuel rods, during the several-hour period between the time when the cooling systems stopped functioning and the time when water began to be injected. “This initial response has been affecting developments for the next several months,” said Tadashi Yoshida, professor of nuclear engineering at Tokyo City University.

The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said the conditions of the reactors would not greatly affect the timetable to end the ongoing crisis. But Keiji Kobayashi, former lecturer at Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, said, “The roadmap is not based on the assumption that the pressure vessels are damaged. The government and TEPCO have been making desperate efforts to put the reactors under control as quickly as possible and are putting pressure on workers. It is absolutely out of the question to try to put the situation under control quickly in exchange for exposing workers to radiation and shortening their lives.”

Click here for the original Japanese story

(Mainichi Japan) May 25, 2011

“Japanese Reactors are the best in the world” Ziggy, artiste of the “truth”, formerly head of ANSTO.

Tepco admit reactors 2 & 3 also suffered melt down

May 24, 2011

Mainichi Daily News Japan.

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110524p2a00m0na019000c.html

TEPCO says core meltdowns also occurred at No. 2, 3 reactors
TEPCO official Junichi Matsumoto, left, speaks at the company’s headquarters in Tokyo’s Chiyoda Ward on May 24. (Mainichi)
TEPCO official Junichi Matsumoto, left, speaks at the company’s headquarters in Tokyo’s Chiyoda Ward on May 24. (Mainichi)

Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) said May 24 that meltdowns had occurred in the No. 2 and 3 reactors of its crippled Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant — in addition to a meltdown in the No. 1 reactor that has already been made public.

Cooling systems at the plant failed after a massive earthquake and tsunami hit northeastern Japan on March 11. Officials said deterioration of nuclear fuel likely began at about 8 p.m. on March 14 in the plant’s No. 2 reactor and about 9 a.m. on March 13 in the No. 3 reactor, after the level of water inside the reactors dropped, exposing the fuel.

Since plant officials have been unable to determine the actual water level inside the reactors, they analyzed the state of the reactors under two scenarios in which the water level was either 1) the same as, or 2) below the measured level.

It found that in the first scenario about half the fuel would be damaged, while in the second scenario, most of the fuel would melt and fall to the bottom of the reactor vessel

TEPCO official Junichi Matsumoto said at a news conference on May 24, “We can’t say for certain, but based on the situation in the No. 1 reactor, it is likely that the water level in these reactors fell below the measured level.

However, the company said that based on the current temperature of the pressure vessels, damage was “limited,” and added, “If we continue to cool them, then we believe that we will not see a situation involving a large-scale release of radioactive materials.”

The discovery of highly contaminated water in the reactor buildings has raised the possibility that the reactor containment vessels have been damaged, but TEPCO denied that any major damage had occurred, saying water may have leaked due to a rise in temperature that damaged gaskets.

It is believed that the water level in the reactors initially dropped to reach the bottom of the fuel rods after the reactor core isolation cooling system and other cooling functions failed in the wake of the disaster. Subsequent injections of water are believed to have raised the level to three meters below the top of the fuel rods.

TEPCO compiled its report on the state of the No. 2 and 3 reactors following an order by the Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, and submitted it on May 23. Commenting on the manual shutdown of emergency cooling equipment at the No. 1 reactor before the arrival of the tsunami, the company said that the temperature had rapidly decreased after starting the equipment, and that the measure was in line with procedures and was appropriate. It maintained that the shaking from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake had not damaged the plant’s main facilities — suggesting that the tsunami did most of the damage.” end quote

The official information released by the mass media still adheres to the fiction that only radionuclides of Iodine and Cesium were and are being released by the Fukushima reactors. It has been shown, by reference to specific literature, that the known list includes 8 different fission products.

During a melt down fission can occur within the damaged fuel. This creates fresh fission products.

The fact that the MOx fuel in Reactor No3 suffered melt down raising interesting questions regarding the release of substances from that reactor.

The US has provided fallout charts, based Cesium 137 is a gamma and beta emitter, total doses can be calculated on the basis of anticipated radionuclide inventory present on contaminated ground. Aircraft surveys cannot detect beta or alpha and these values are calculated on assumptions.

Given that melt down occurred in three reactors at the same time, the inventory list to be found in contaminated ground will likely exceed the list of two radionuclides so far admitted in the mass media in Australia.

It may extend to hundreds of different fission products.

In the Army I was taught that “you can trust a Communist to be a Communist”. It was part of the drill.

New drill:

“you can trust nuclear industry to act like nuclear industry”.

Does anyone with half a brain actually believe it was only on May 23 that TEPCO and nuclear experts learned of the reactor meltdowns in the three reactors?

I hope not. If so, ask yourself, are these dudes really nuclear experts if they cannot detect three reactors in melt down? They are nuclear experts and therefore expert liars.

Bombadiers in charge of public health. In my opinion, the spirit of the AEC lives and lives high on the hog in Japan and elsewhere.

For the fission inventory list identified in the environs of Fukushima Prefecture, see previous posts and keep your eye out for indications that the 2 which became 8 will become hundreds. And that the dose estimates made by aircraft survey will turn out to wrongly exclude non gamma but beta and alpha emitters not included in calculations to date. And also keep your eye out for indications that Fukushima was one place where a possible (but not proven) Japanese nuclear weapon program held a special interest. An interest which has delayed and distorted the truth about the reactors. The reactors of the type fear to be dangerous in 1971 by Lapp and others, as reported by Nader and Abbott in 1975. Dangerous in the event of natural or technical disaster. Due to specific design failurings. From that time until now, nothing has been although the issues are well known by experts and critics.

Meltdown at Fukushima – It emitted more than Cesium & Iodine

May 19, 2011

The Mainichi Daily
Japan
16 May 2011
http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110516p2a00m0na028000c.html
Quote:
TEPCO admits nuclear meltdown occurred at Fukushima reactor 16 hours after quake

Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) admitted for the first time on May 15 that most of the fuel in one of its nuclear reactors at the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant had melted only about 16 hours after the March 11 earthquake struck a wide swath of northeastern Japan and triggered a devastating tsunami.

According to TEPCO, the operator of the crippled nuclear power plant, the emergency condenser designed to cool the steam inside the pressure vessel of the No. 1 reactor was working properly shortly after the magnitude-9.0 earthquake, but it lost its functions around 3:30 p.m. on March 11 when tsunami waves hit the reactor.

Based on provisional analysis of data on the reactor, the utility concluded that the water level in the pressure vessel began to drop rapidly immediately after the tsunami, and the top of the fuel began to be exposed above the water around 6 p.m. Around 7:30 p.m., the fuel was fully exposed above the water surface and overheated for more than 10 hours. At about 9 p.m., the temperature in the reactor core rose to 2,800 degrees Celsius, the melting point for fuel. At approximately 7:50 p.m., the upper part of the fuel started melting, and at around 6:50 a.m. on March 12, a meltdown occurred.

On the reason why it took over two months after the earthquake to reveal the information, TEPCO said it had only been able to start obtaining detailed data on the temperature and pressure in the reactor for analysis in early May.

Junichiro Matsumoto, a senior TEPCO official, said, “Because there is similar damage to the fuel rods at the No. 2 and 3 reactors, the bottoms of their pressure vessels could also have been damaged.” He said the utility would carry out similar analysis on the two reactors.

Hiroaki Koide, professor of nuclear safety engineering at Kyoto University, was critical of TEPCO.

“They could have assumed that when the loss of power made it impossible to cool down the reactor, it would soon lead to a meltdown of the core. TEPCO’s persistent explanation that the damage to the fuel had been limited turned out to be wrong,” he said.
end quote

The continual downplaying of this disaster, the constant blaming of the forces of nature and reality, the constant denial in the popular media of the nature of the radionuclides released, and the constant reassurances of nuclear industry and authorities that the situation is being fully disclosed and managed exposes nuclear industry for what it is. Big Tobacco used such tactics in the 1950s. As did the AEC.

It is my understanding that fission may recommence in the event of fuel melt. This helps account for the detection of the short lived, very potently radioactive pure Beta emitter Strontium 89 in the US by EPA. And attributed by the US government to Fukushima emissions. But one has to dig to find it.

Given the designed in failure of the Fukushima Containment buildings (a design characteristic the US NRC worried about in the 1970s), the release into the biosphere of many fission products very probably occurred. Not just Cesium** and Iodine** isotopes, but many if not all of the more than 250 fission products.

It was more than a week after the predicted cooling system failure (Nader, 1975) of the Fukushima GE Mk 1 reactors that Australian journalists started asking world nuclear experts would substances were being released by the Fukushima reactors. Dr Grimes, of London’s Imperial College, advised the Australian ABC TV station that only Cesium and Iodine were being released.

This was days after the meltdown occurred in Reactor number 1.

So much for the advice of the experts.

No nukes for Australia. Either the world experts make pronouncements on par with 15th century Papal Bulls, or they are liars.

Arrogant technological dictators or agents who seek to suppress the truth. Or both.

Latter day Marlboro Men.

Radionuclide inventory list emitted by Fukushima. A Military Secret?

May 18, 2011

Andrew Kishner, myself and others have questioned the official list of emitted substances released into the biosphere by the reactors at Fukushima. Andrew and I have a list of named substances. A list we each independently compiled from official sources. Andrew’s finding of Fukushima Sr89 present in the US is profoundly important. It is perplexing, for the reactors, we are told in the media, ceased fissioning at shut down. As progeny of the fission primary product Krypton, a gas, its arrival in the US indicates perhaps fission was occuring after shut down. There are many holes in the story. We know our lists are not complete lists. As you can see from the relevant previous posts, it has been difficult trying to find out what exactly was released and is being released by Fukushima.

Mary Hamer M.D, writing at Countercurrents.org asks the same question in her article entitled “Fukushima’s Secret Radionuclides”.

Dr Hamer also raises the possiblity that Japan may be engaged in a quest for military applications of nuclear energy (eg a bomb). Dr Hamer cites Yoichi Shimatsu as she poses the question. It is a possiblity I have heard of previously.

The US NRC and other US agencies are in full possession of the facts of Fukushima. As far as I am aware, at the great distance I am from New York, the New York Post has not published the full contents of the confidential report on the Fukushima nuclear event as yet. The radionuclide emissions inventory list should be published in media the average citizen commonly accesses. Such information should not be “confidential”. It is of immense importance.

Dr Hamer’s paper can be read at :

http://www.countercurrents.org/hamer160511.htm

Andrew Kishner’s Anti Nuke Idealist.WS website

May 18, 2011

http://www.idealist.ws/

After an extended period of building his website and filling it with detailed information of great importance to the anti nuclear movement, Andrew Kishner recently posted the following statement:

“As of May 7, 2011, Idealist has been suspended indefinitely by decision of its founder. What this means is that although Idealist.ws will remain online, there will be no updates. The one exception may be with barebones updating to our Japan coverage page. We are extremely grateful for the words of support sent by our readers during this difficult time.”

One of his last posts: “MAY 4, 2011 – EPA IS ALL DONE WITH FUKUSHIMA – WILL SCALE DOWN MONITORING, REMOVE DEPLOYABLES AND RESUME ROUTINE, QUARTERLY TESTING – ACTIVISTS CONCERNED ABOUT LEVELS OF RADIOSTRONTIUMS IN MILK AND AIRBORNE PLUTONIUM-238

On the evening of May 3, the EPA posted on its Daily Data Summary page that the agency has unilaterally decided that due to the “consistent decrease in radiation levels across the country” it will begin transitioning to the normal “routine RadNet sampling and analysis process for precipitation, drinking water and milk,” which is a protocol that calls for testing “milk and drinking water samples on a quarterly basis and precipitation samples as part of a monthly composite.” The EPA is also considering removing from Hawaii, Alaska and other Pacific locations the “additional air monitors deployed in response to the Japan nuclear incident.”

The EPA’s startling move comes at a time when activists are criticizing the agency for not ramping up analysis of milk samples for radio-strontiums – strontium-89 was detected by the agency in early April in milk in Hawaii and strontium isotopes were detected in Moscow’s air by a company named Radon in March – thus, there is a good chance that most food products in the U.S. contain trace amounts of radioactive strontium, but there is no data on this.

One recent article titled ‘LIMITED TESTING OF MILK FOR RADIOACTIVE STRONTIUM PROMPTS NEW CONCERNS’ by Risk Policy Report on May 3rd discusses this disturbing fact.

The article notes that the EPA is only “testing for the presence of radioactive strontium in milk in instances where it has already detected radioactive cesium, meaning that since the nuclear crisis began in March, EPA would have conducted only three tests for strontium in milk for the entire country. This is because, according to publicly available data, the agency has only detected cesium in milk samples in Hilo, Oakland, CA, and Montpelier, VT.”

The article quotes one activist who said “It’s hard to believe we’re running that blind,” – the activist noted that ‘given that other radionuclides have been detected at much greater levels in milk, air and rainwater throughout the country, it is alarming that EPA is not testing for strontium more regularly…’

The article continues: ‘Activists are in particular concerned about a lack of adequate strontium testing because it is considered to be one of the most dangerous radionuclides to be released during nuclear incidents due to its ability to accumulate in human bone. Like cesium, some forms of strontium also have a long half life, meaning the contamination will remain in the environment for decades.’

We all must acknowledge that the government – including the EPA – is there because we granted them the powers to safeguard our health and environment. We aren’t schoolchildren. We are citizens of one of humanity’s greatest experiments in democracy and freedom. We must stop thinking that we are watching a depressing episode of a reality show. We are the reality show. We need to give ourselves right now the same power that we foolishly gave to the EPA, which has completely failed at its job.

We need to harness our love of nation, self and other and create our own citizen-based EPA and FDA and collectively generate what our government is choosing to deny us, ‘atomic parity.’ What is atomic parity? Read more below.”

end quote. Andrew and his partner have devoted many many hours to providing information nuclear industry apparently prefers to keep for obscure publications. According to the mass media, the only radionuclides released by the Fukushima reactors disaster are isotopes of Cesium and Iodine. Andrew’s is one of those rare sites where technical information, such as the actual fission product inventory list released by the Japanese reactor disaster, can be learned.

Idealist.WS is a credit to its creator, and a testament to two people who would freely express and share information despite official impediments. So much for nuclear parity. After all, its the nuclear industry which has the clout and dollars to promote itself. The only people effectively pointing out the omissions and falsehoods in the industry spin are those who do it for free in their spare time.

Nuke Industry – the Big Tobacco of the new century. It may as well be 1950.