Archive for January, 2012

ANSTO RADIATION MONITORING LINK

January 30, 2012

http://www.ansto.gov.au/discovering_ansto/what_does_ansto_do/live_weather_and_pollution_data/environment_radiation_monitoring

Radiation monitoring

ANSTO continually monitors environmental gamma radiation from a station located in Engadine, 3 km south-east of Lucas Heights in New South Wales.

ANSTO uses environmental radiation data to evaluate atmospheric dispersion from its site. This radiation is almost completely natural background radiation. For additional data on non-ionising radiation (ultraviolet radiation) in Australia’s main cities, see Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)’s real-time UV index.
ANSTO’s controlled airborne discharges are occasionally detectable. A range from 30 to 60 nGy/h was measured in the ARPANSA’s survey of natural background radiation near Engadine.

Station Name: Engadine, NSW Lat: -34.07 Long: 151.00
Date/Time: 30 January 2012 at 12:45

Appears to be gamma only. Hot particle beta emission ignored apparently.   A very very dirty reactor , the harm to “benefit” ratio – well I shudder to think what they are exposing us to in order to make nuclear medicines. Creating their own market??

 

stay in touch with the South Coast Computer Club here: http://sccc.org.au/archives/2490

Fallout from Fukushima No. 1 on the rise in January 2012 – Japan Times.

January 29, 2012

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20120125a8.html

Wednesday, Jan. 25, 2012

Fallout from Fukushima No. 1 on rise
Kyodo

The amount of radioactive materials released from the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant has risen this month compared with December, Tepco said.

The amount so far has come to 70 million becquerels per hour, compared with 60 million becquerels in December, Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Monday, adding that the increase is attributable to the displacement of radioactive materials that had settled on facilities and equipment as a result of work conducted near reactors 2 and 3.

Tepco has recently probed the inside of the container vessel for the No. 2 reactor with an industrial endoscope and conducted scrap work around reactor 3.

While the amount of radioactive materials released from reactor 1 decreased to one-fifth the level in December, the amount of materials from the other two each increased by 10 million becquerels per hour, Tepco said.

end quote

As many have said, “cold shut down” and “crisis over” are terms which are totally inappropriate in the ongoing emissions scandal at TEPCOs reactors.

There can no longer be any doubt that fission and fuel hot particles being disgorged from Fukushima are not just affecting Japan, but the rest of the hemisphere, including continental North America.

The shut down of the US radnet monitoring netweek is a scandal and one wonders who the reactor manufacturers slept with to achieve this.

It is little wonder there was a riot in NRC. The truth of the matter regarding health effects in Japan and the rest of the hemisphere will take 30 years to surface no doubt.

US RADNET readings for St. Louis at the time of the shutdown of RADNET:
http://www.epa.gov/japan011/rert/radnet-stlouis-bg.html

rad

rad

beta
Local St Louis resident’s rad monitoring graph.

With the failure of Radnet in June 2011, private citizens in the North America were forced.
given the lack of openness and leadership by government, to fill in the radiation monitoring
data themselves. The record shows that emission deposition from Fukushima over Nth America have not ceased.
Thr private monitoring appears to match the variation in emissions as reported by Japan Times.

ANSTO OPAL LUCAS HIEGHTS AUST. REACTOR OPERATING CYCLES

January 28, 2012

Reminder. Reactor operating cycles: http://www.ansto.gov.au/discovering_ansto/anstos_research_reactor/reactor_cycles

“Typical operating cycles

OPAL typically operates in cycles of 30-35 days, followed by a short refuelling outage to remove two or three spent fuel elements and replace them with new fuel elements.

During these types of outages, ANSTO’s Reactor Operations team complete any required inspections and perform preventative and corrective maintenance on the reactor. These refuelling outages currently last around four to six days, although the intention is to reduce this in future.

The Reactor Operations team aims to operate OPAL for 300 days each calendar year.
Extended maintenance

In addition, there are longer maintenance outages that enable more extensive inspections, refurbishment and maintenance work to be carried out. These maintenance outages vary in length, depending on the work required, but are generally between one and four weeks in length. They would normally also include refuelling the reactor. ”

It appears that the emissions from the reactor spike during refuelling. Those with radiation detectors around Australia and New Zealand might want to bear in mind the operating cycle shedule and refuelling time windows.

Reactor schedule – 2011/2012*

Reactor at power*
CYCLE No. FROM TO

38 8.01.2012 5.02.2012

(emission spike most probable from 6.92.12 to
11.02.12 (DD.MM.YY) imo)

39 12.02.2012 18.03.2012
40 2.04.2012 29.04.2012
41 6.05.2012 11.06.2012
42 17.06.2012 16.07.2012

*This schedule is subject to revision based on the need to change the heavy water inventory. This schedule is based on a fixed fuel management system.

Page last updated 12.07.11. Revision no: 16.

TEPCO: Radioactive substances belong to landowners, not us

January 28, 2012

http://ajw.asahi.com/article/behind_news/social_affairs/AJ201111240030

TEPCO: Radioactive substances belong to landowners, not us

November 24, 2011

By TOMOHIRO IWATA / Asahi Shimbun Weekly AERA

During court proceedings concerning a radioactive golf course, Tokyo Electric Power Co. stunned lawyers by saying the utility was not responsible for decontamination because it no longer “owned” the radioactive substances.

“Radioactive materials (such as cesium) that scattered and fell from the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant belong to individual landowners there, not TEPCO,” the utility said.

That argument did not sit well with the companies that own and operate the Sunfield Nihonmatsu Golf Club, just 45 kilometers west of the stricken TEPCO plant in Fukushima Prefecture.

The Tokyo District Court also rejected that idea.

But in a ruling described as inconsistent by lawyers, the court essentially freed TEPCO from responsibility for decontamination work, saying the cleanup efforts should be done by the central and local governments.

Although the legal battle has moved to a higher court, observers said that if the district court’s decision stands and becomes a precedent, local governments’ coffers could be drained.

The two golf companies in August filed for a provisional disposition with the Tokyo District Court, demanding TEPCO decontaminate the golf course and pay about 87 million yen ($1.13 million) for the upkeep costs over six months.

TEPCO’s argument over ownership of the radioactive substances drew a sharp response from lawyers representing the Sunfield Nihonmatsu Golf Club and owner Sunfield.

“It is common sense that worthless substances such as radioactive fallout would not belong to landowners,” one of the lawyers said. “We are flabbergasted at TEPCO’s argument.”

The golf course has been out of operation since March 12, the day after the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami set off the nuclear crisis.

The companies wanted to reopen the course in July, but radiation levels, checked by the Nihonmatsu municipal government in June, were above the national safety limits.

On Aug. 10, a level of 2.91 microsieverts per hour was recorded 10 centimeters above ground at the tee of the sixth hole. The level was 51.1 microsieverts per hour near a drainage ditch in a parking space for golf carts, a level comparable to the Ottozawa area of Okuma, 2.4 km from the plant.

But TEPCO questioned the reliability of these figures.

“There is room for doubt about the ability of the measuring equipment the city used and the accuracy of the records,” it said.

TEPCO even suggested that the levels of contamination at the golf course would not pose a problem: “There are sites overseas with an annual reading of 10 millisieverts of natural radiation.”

The district court on Oct. 31 not only rejected TEPCO’s argument that radioactive fallout belongs to individual landowners, it also said the city’s radioactivity measurements were credible.

Moreover, the court ruled that companies have the right to demand decontamination work by TEPCO.

But the court went on to say that central or local governments should be responsible for the decontamination work, given the efficiency of their cleanup operations so far.

The district court also rejected the companies’ demand for compensation, saying the golf course operations could have been resumed because the radiation levels were below 3.8 microsieverts per hour, the yardstick set by the science ministry in April for authorizing the use of schoolyards.

The golf course companies immediately appealed the district court’s decision.

Lawyers said operations were suspended at the golf course because of potential health risks to employees and customers.

“It is only natural that an employer take into account the health of its employees,” one of the lawyers said.

Sunfield Nihonmatsu Golf Club says that it doesn’t know when it can reopen.

The Fukushima prefectural golf association, citing “high radiation levels,” canceled a tournament at the golf course that was scheduled for early July. The fairways and greens have become overgrown with grass and weeds.

“We have asked 15 part-time workers, including caddies, to stay home since March 12,” said Tsutomu Yamane, representative director of the golf course. “We also asked all 17 employees working at the front desk and facility management, except for one employee, to voluntarily quit in September.”

The golf course company commissioned a radiation testing agency to check the course on Nov. 13. It detected 235,000 becquerels of cesium per kilogram of grass, a level that would put the area into a no-entry zone under safety standards enforced after the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

On Nov. 17, radioactive strontium at 98 becquerels per kilogram was detected in the grass and ground.

Asked about TEPCO’s doubts concerning the city’s radiation measurements, Nihonmatsu Mayor Keiichi Miho said, “We made the utmost efforts when we conducted the checks.”

A TEPCO official told The Asahi Shimbun that company will refrain from commenting on the legal battle.
By TOMOHIRO IWATA / Asahi Shimbun Weekly AERA

See previous posts re elevated cancer rates in Northern Iran high background areas.

US Human Radiation Experiments Apology (video). How long before Japan does the same in regard to Fukushima?

January 28, 2012

I’ll probbly be very ancient before it happens in Japan. But it will happen. What the human toll by then will be, who knows?

http://vimeo.com/21430782

Clinton apology for human radiation experiments


Human Radiation Experiments Testimony

http://hss.energy.gov/healthsafety/ohre/roadmap/achre/intro_3.html
Quote:
“Initially, researchers knew little or nothing about the health effects of the basic bomb components, uranium, plutonium, and polonium. [23] But, as a secret history written in 1946 stated, they knew the tale of the radium dial painters:

The memory of this tragedy was very vivid in the minds of people, and the thoughts of potential dangers of working in areas where radiation hazards existed were intensified because the deleterious effects of radiation could not be seen or felt and the results of over-exposure might not become apparent for long periods after such exposure. [24]

The need for secrecy, Stafford Warren later recalled, compounded the urgency of understanding and controlling risk. Word of death or toxic hazard could leak out to the surrounding community and blow the project’s cover. [25]

The need to protect the Manhattan Project workers soon gave rise to a new discipline, called health physics, which sought to understand radiation effects and monitor and protect nuclear worker health and safety. The Project was soon inundated with data from radiation-detection instruments, blood and urine samples, and physical exams. The “clinical study of the personnel,” Robert Stone wrote in 1943, “is one vast experiment. Never before has so large a collection of individuals been exposed to so much radiation.” [26] Along with these data-gathering efforts came ethical issues.

Would disclosure of potential or actual harm to the workers, much less the public, impair the program? For example, a July 1945 Manhattan Project memo discussed whether to inform a worker that her case of nephritis (a kidney disease) may have been due to her work on the Project. The issue was of special import because, the memo indicated, the illness might well be a precursor of more cases. The worker, the memo explained, “is unaware of her condition which now shows up on routine physical check and urinalysis.” [27]

As this memo showed, there was an urgent need for decisions on how to protect the workers, while at the same time safeguard the security of the project: “The employees must necessarily be rotated out, and not permitted to resume further exposure. In frequent instances no other type of employment is available. Claims and litigation will necessarily flow from the circumstances outlined.” There were also, the memo concluded, “Ethical considerations”:

The feelings of the medical officers are keenly appreciated. Are they in accordance with their canons of ethics to be permitted to advise the patient of his true condition, its cause, effect, and probable prognosis? If not on ethical grounds, are they to be permitted to fulfill their moral obligations to the individual employees in so advising him? If not on moral grounds, are those civilian medical doctors employed here bound to make full disclosure to patients under penalty of liability for malpractice or proceeding for revocation of license for their failure to do so? [28]

It is not clear what was decided in this case. However, the potential conflict between the government doctors’ duty to those working on government projects and the same doctors’ obligations to the government would not disappear. Following the war, as we see in chapter 12, this conflict would be sharply posed as medical researchers studied miners at work producing uranium for the nation’s nuclear weapons.

Another basic question was the extent to which human beings could or should be studied to obtain the data needed to protect them. The radium dial painter data served as a baseline to determine how the effects of exposures in the body could be measured. But this left the question of whether plutonium, uranium, and polonium behaved more or less like radium. Research was needed to understand how these elements worked in the body and to establish safety levels. A large number of animal studies were conducted at laboratories in Chicago, Berkeley, Rochester, and elsewhere; but the relevance of the data to humans remained in doubt.

The Manhattan Project contracted with the University of Rochester to receive the data on physical exams and other tests from Project sites and to prepare statistical analyses. While boxes of these raw data have been retrieved, it is not clear what use was made of them.[29] Accidents, while remarkably few and far between, became a key source of the data used in constructing an understanding of radiation risk. But accidents were not predictable, and their occurrence only enhanced the immediacy of the need to gain better data.

In 1944, the Manhattan Project medical team, under Stafford Warren and with the evident concurrence of Robert Oppenheimer, made plans to inject polonium, plutonium, uranium, and possibly other radioactive elements into human beings. As discussed in chapter 5, the researchers turned to patients, not workers, as the source of experimental data needed to protect workers. By the time the program was abandoned by the government, experimentation with plutonium had taken place in hospitals at the Universities of California, Chicago, and Rochester, and at the Army hospital in Oak Ridge, and further experimentation with polonium and uranium had taken place at Rochester.” end quote

And likewise no doubt, the Japanese government and nuclear authorities world wide watch what happens to the people stuck in the hot zones within Japan with the same keen academic and weaponeer eyes.

Japanese government failed to keep records of key nuclear meetins

January 28, 2012

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120128p2g00m0dm010000c.html

TOKYO (AP) — Japan’s deputy prime minister acknowledged Friday that the government failed to take minutes of 10 meetings last year on the response to the country’s disasters and nuclear crisis and called for officials to compile reports on the meetings retroactively.

The missing minutes have become a hot political debate, with opposition lawmakers saying they are necessary to provide a transparent record of the government’s discussion after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami touched off the worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl in 1986.

Deputy Prime Minister Katsuya Okada confirmed Friday at a news conference that the minutes were not fully recorded at the time and called for them to be written up, retroactively, by the end of February. Three of the meetings during the chaotic period had no record at all, not even an agenda, including a government nuclear crisis meeting headed by the prime minister.

Okada has set up a panel to investigate the extent of the problem and its cause.

The missing minutes are the latest example of the government missteps in disclosing information.

Japanese authorities and regulators already have been repeatedly criticized for how they handled information amid the unfolding nuclear crisis. Officials initially denied that the reactors had melted down, and have been accused of playing down the health risks of exposure to radiation.

The government also kept secret a worst-case scenario that tens of millions of people, including Tokyo residents, might need to leave their homes, according to a report obtained recently by The Associated Press.

An outside panel investigating the government response to the nuclear crisis has been critical, calling for more transparency in relaying information to the public.
In this March 11, 2011 file photo released by Tokyo Electric Power Co., tsunami waves come toward heavy oil tanks at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex in Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)
In this March 11, 2011 file photo released by Tokyo Electric Power Co., tsunami waves come toward heavy oil tanks at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear complex in Okuma, Fukushima Prefecture, northeastern Japan. (AP Photo/Tokyo Electric Power Co.)

“Needless to say, keeping records at these meetings is extremely important,” Okada said. “Each minister should keep that in mind.”

Okada rejected speculation that the nuclear crisis meetings may have intentionally left unrecorded to avoid responsibility. He said the oversights were “unfortunate” developments during the chaotic time when the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant rapidly deteriorated and three of its reactors spiraled into meltdowns.

He said reconstruction of the minutes would be possible through notes and recordings kept by officials who attended the meetings.

Japan’s public records law requires minutes or summaries at key government meetings, but not all of them.

(Mainichi Japan) January 28, 2012

Using early injected radionuclide treatment data within Projects Gabriel and Sunshine

January 28, 2012

That the long term military interest and control continued regarding human data relating to internalised Sr89 is evidenced by the April 6 1954 Letter to Dr. L. Dunham from Dr Joseph Hamilton re the medical use of radioisotopes:

“Dear Chuck: Please find enclosed the available data from the University of California Hospital which was compiled by members of Stone’s staff who incidentally are quite unaware of the classified nature of this material. I discussed this matter with Dr. Stone and told him that it should not be discussed with anyone in the Division of Radiology with the exception of the two of us.” …” The picture is not too clear since a number of patients received stable strontium and several others received some amounts of radio-strontium.”

“Our own experimental program is progressing very nicely using both rats and monkeys.”

“The use of radioactive strontium, (Sr89) in the treatment of patients…the rationale, based on experimental animal studies with metastatic carcinoma to bone and in osteogenic sarcoma was initiated in 1940 by Charles Pecher….Pecher’s experimental findings were confirmed by Treadwell (Mrs. Anne de G. Low-Beer) , et al, who investigated uptake of radio-strontium by bone tumours in six patients prior to biopsy or amputation.” Secret.

Source Document: pdf scan provided by US Department of Energy Opennet.
http://www.osti.gov/opennet

Libby’s 1954 reassurances that the fallout generated by the AEC test program were perfectly was actually contrdicted by Pecher’s early cancer treatment trials using Sr89, a substance which was later found to be a fission product produced in copious physical quantities. It is far more radioactive than Sr90 and both of these are acknowleged to have been released by the TEPCO NPPS at Fukushima.

I strongly suspect that Japanese nuclear authorities have their own experimental programs which, like Hamilton’s, “are progessing nicely.”

Hamilton of course was also injecting plutonium into completely healthy people. And many people suffered the same fate with other radioctive substances at another program at Rochester University hosptial and elsewhere.

Such deliberate exposure of people to radionuclide hazards was found to be in breach of Nuremberg Prinicples by the ACHRE. It is higly likely that in 40 years time, when the demands of the Japanese people are finally heard, the resultant Japanese equivalent to ACHRE will find likewise in regard to actions, including the failure to evacuate, to be a damning failure and moral blight upon the government of Japan.

Radiation induced Fatigue is a significant symptom in Radiation Treatment and among Japanese living within areas contaminated by TEPCO NPPs.

January 27, 2012

“Radiation sickness” as defined in diagnositic descriptions published by US CDC preclude long term expsoures. The exposures must be “acute” in order for a diagnosis to be made:

http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/ars.asp

http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/arsphysicianfactsheet.asp

However, some symptoms are acknowledged as being suffered by patients who experience treatment level doses of radiation as part of treatment for cancer.

Do such cancer patients suffer symptoms accepted as being caused by radiation exposure which are also being suffered now by the people living in areas of Japan contaminated by fallout from the TEPCO nuclear power plants? The qualified medical information for patients confirms that radiation induced fatigue is in fact a common side effect of treatment doses of radiation exposures within oncology.

People living in radiation hot zones and who suffer similar symptoms, describing these symptoms in public, are, so far as I can gather, described universally by Japanese nuclear authorities as being ‘weak minded’ prior to any independent of the cumulative dose these people may have suffered? Are the people reportin radiation related symptoms merely the canaries in the Fukushima mine? So the abuse of these citizens by Japanese authorities a further sign of the obsessive and inhumane adherence to the priniciples of radiation hormesis?

Is a gigantic cover up underway in Japan as nuclear authorities try to claim a monopoly of expertise over medicine as well as nuclear technology? Where are Japan’s and the world’s medical radiologists when the people of the hot zones need them? The questions are technical and require a qualified technical and medical response. The role of doctors with a social concscience is crucial in Japan.

Radiation Hormesis, which I believe to be the false cornerstone of Japan’s nuclear authorities, has a hard time coping with cumulative dose. For various reasons.

Llet’s look at the advice given to sufferers of radiation induced fatigue within the setting of oncology. I emphasise that the issue is the response to radiation, not the reason for it. In Japan there is no medical benefit to the 10 months of cumulative dose. In medicine there are costs (immediate symptoms, long term risks) and benefits (extended life, fewer symptoms from the disease being treated, so on). In Fukushima there was a healthy population, now there is a population increasingly displaying symptoms of radiation exposure which any medical radiologist would recognise as being radiation related. Instead of being treated properly, the Japanese government responds by accusing its victims as being “weak minded”.

I know who to label as being “weak souled” in this matter.

To restate the case for serious investigation: A key symptom shared between radiation treatment dose patients in hospitals and the symptoms reported among the people in radiation affected areas of Japan is fatigue. Its not the only one, but, on the face of it, given the copious medical literature and patient reports, it is the easiest one to compare.

Japanese authorities accuse people in Japan of being “mentally weak” if they report symptoms in the context of Fukushima.

This stands in stark contrast with the medical acknowledgement to medical patients by medical authorities that radiation exposure during medical treatment causes fatigue. That is concrete.

It appears that nearly 10 months of living in reactor contaminated areas has subjected people to a dose equal to or exceeding the cumulative dose which might produce fatigue. That is, an entire population appears to have suffered the equivalent of a treatment dose for no medical reason. It has produced no benefit, only harm.

Radiation Related Fatique as documented in Onclogy related publications:

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/707572

From Medscape Medical News
Radiation Therapy–Induced Fatigue Linked to Inflammation

Roxanne Nelson
Quote:
“August 18, 2009 — Fatigue is one of the most common and disabling adverse effects of cancer treatment, but exactly why it occurs has not been well understood. Now, preliminary data suggest that activation of the proinflammatory cytokine network may be largely responsible for fatigue that is experienced during radiotherapy.

According to a report in Clinical Cancer Research, there is an association between fatigue and downstream biomarkers of cytokine activity. In particular, increased levels of the interleukin (IL) 6 cumulative exposure biomarker C-reactive protein and the IL-1β cumulative exposure biomarker IL-1 receptor antagonist were associated with a higher frequency and severity of fatigue.

The authors note that these effects could not be accounted for by other variables, including age, body mass index, depressed mood, or sleep disturbance.

This research provides insight into the biological mechanisms underlying radiation-induced fatigue and is an important step forward, commented Stephen Hahn, MD, chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia…..Dr. Hahn, who was not involved in the study, explained that the study suggests one possible mechanism for radiation therapy–associated fatigue as well as an avenue for treatment. “There are compounds under development that may block these inflammatory substances,” he told Medscape Oncology. “As those compounds come into clinical use, it would be useful to study them as measures to counteract radiation fatigue…..In this study, Dr. Bower and colleagues tested the hypothesis that activation of the proinflammatory cytokine network is associated with the fatigue experienced by patients with early-stage breast and prostate cancers who are undergoing radiation therapy.” end quote.

http://abcnews.go.com/Health/OnCallPlusTreatment/reduce-fatigue-radiation-treatment/story?id=3644910

How Can I Reduce Fatigue from Radiation Treatment? Andrea Barsevick, R.N., Director, Nursing Research and Education, Fox Chase Cancer Center
September 25, 2007

Question: What can I do to reduce fatigue caused by my radiation treatments?
Treatment

Answer: There are two ways that you can manage your fatigue. First, if your fatigue is because of anemia, you can talk to your doctor about that and get your anemia treated. But if your fatigue is not caused by anemia — if it’s just the general fatigue that accompanies radiation therapy — then the most effective way that we have for managing that right now is exercise. Exercise has been shown in several research studies to be a very effective way of managing not only the fatigue that you feel, but also, if there’s any sleep disturbance, reducing that — and in that way, reducing fatigue. The exercise does not have to be on any grand scale. In fact, one of the studies was done using simple walking exercise, just women walking around their neighborhood, who were undergoing radiation therapy for breast cancer. And they reported much less fatigue and much less problems with sleeping because they were exercising regularly.

Next: What Is Fibrosis, And Does Radiation Cause It?

Previous: What Is the Difference Between Cancer-Related Fatigue and Normal Everyday Fatigue?
More from ABC News

How to Cut Fatigue from Radiation?
Cancer Fatigue vs. Normal Fatigue?
ABC News OnCall+ Breast Cancer Center Home Page
What Is Fibrosis, And Does Radiation Cause It? end quote.

If we look at the mechanism by which the fatigue is produced, we find that the biochemicstry involved is one which has been written about since 1957. I read about this in Atomic Radiation and LIfe by Peter Alexander. In simple terms, radiation hits the cell contents and turns some of the water into cells in H and O ions – free radicals. These reactive “species” create chemical havoc. Eventually, the H and O recombine to form Hydrogen Peroxide. The body’s biochemical defence is via the release of NO, a highly reactive chemical, which scavenges radicals and and interacts with the undesirable and mutagenic chemicals formed in the cell.

Here a couple of papers which describe the responses of the body to radiation induced fatigue.

www.uiowa.edu/~frrbp/metabolic-oxidation.pdf

Cancer and Metastasis Reviews 23: 311–322, 2004.
# 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

Metabolic oxidation/reduction reactions and cellular responses to ionizing
radiation: A unifying concept in stress response biology

Douglas R. Spitz1*, Edouard I. Azzam2, Jian Jian Li3 and David Gius4
1B180 Medical Laboratories, Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, Department of Radiation
Oncology, Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242; 2Department of
Radiology, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103; 3Radiation Biology, Division of
Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010; 4Radiation Oncology
Branch, Radiation Oncology Sciences Program, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH,
Bethesda, Maryland 20892

Summary
Exposure of eukaryotic cells to ionizing radiation (IR) results in the immediate formation of free radicals
that last a matter of milliseconds. It has been assumed that the subsequent alterations in multiple
intracellular processes following irradiation is due to the initial oxidative damage caused by these free
radicals. However, it is becoming increasingly clear that intracellular metabolic oxidation/reduction (redox)
reactions can be affected by this initial IR-induced free radical insult and may remain perturbed for
minutes, hours, or days. It would seem logical that these cellular redox reactions might contribute to the
activation of protective or damaging processes that could impact upon the damaging effects of IR. These
processes include redox sensitive signaling pathways, transcription factor activation, gene expression, and
metabolic activities that govern the formation of intracellular oxidants and reductants. The physiological
manifestations of these radiation-induced alterations in redox sensitive processes have been suggested to
contribute to adaptive responses, bystander effects, cell cycle perturbations, cytotoxicity, heat-induced
radiosensitization, genomic instability, inflammation, and fibrosis. While a great deal is known about the
molecular changes associated with the initial production of free radicals at the time of irradiation, the
contribution of perturbations in redox sensitive metabolic processes to biological outcomes following
exposure to IR is only recently becoming established. This review will focus on evidence supporting the
concept that perturbations in intracellular metabolic oxidation/reduction reactions contribute to the
biological effects of radiation exposure as well as new concepts emerging from the field of free radical
biology that may be relevant to future studies in radiobiology.
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/lateeffects/HealthProfessional/page8 Treatment for Childhood Cancer
Childhood Cancer (PDQ®)
Late Effects of the Musculoskeletal System

Metabolic syndrome

The metabolic syndrome is highly associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. Definitions of the metabolic syndrome are evolving, but generally include a combination of central (abdominal) obesity with at least two or more of the following:

Hypertension.
Atherogenic dyslipidemia (elevated triglycerides, reduced HDL cholesterol).
Abnormal glucose metabolism (fasting hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinism, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus type II).[104]

An increased risk of metabolic syndrome or its components has been observed among cancer survivors. Long-term survivors of ALL, especially those treated with cranial radiation, may have a higher prevalence of some, potentially modifiable, risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as impaired glucose tolerance or overt diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity.[105,106] In a young adult cohort of ALL survivors (mean age 30 years), 62% had at least one cardiovascular risk factor and 30% had two or more.[107] Another study observed no difference in prevalence of metabolic syndrome in 75 ALL survivors compared with a population-based control group.[108] However, survivors with metabolic syndrome were more likely to have growth hormone insufficiency or deficiency. Those treated with cranial radiation therapy also had an association with growth hormone abnormalities and were more likely to have two or more components of the metabolic syndrome compared with survivors who were not treated with cranial radiation therapy. A high frequency of cardiovascular risk factors has also been observed among hematopoietic cell transplant recipients.[109] French investigators reported an overall 9.2% (95% CI, 5.5–14.4) prevalence of metabolic syndrome in a cohort of 184 ALL survivors (median age 21.2 years).[110] Gender, age at diagnosis, corticosteroid therapy, or cranial radiation were not significant predictors of metabolic syndrome. However, hematopoietic cell transplantation with TBI was a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome (OR = 3.9, P = .03). Other investigators have reported a significantly increased risk of hyperinsulinemia, impaired glucose tolerance, or diabetes mellitus associated with exposure to TBI.[101,106] The association between TBI and excess risk for diabetes has also been observed by other investigators.[111] These data suggest that survivors might benefit from targeted screening and lifestyle counseling regarding risk reduction measures.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304383511007592
Cancer Letters
Ionizing radiation-induced metabolic oxidative stress and prolonged cell injury

Edouard I. Azzama, Corresponding author contact information, E-mail the corresponding author,
Jean-Paul Jay-Gerinb, E-mail the corresponding author,
Debkumar Painc, E-mail the corresponding author

a Department of Radiology, UMDNJ – New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center, Newark, NJ 07103, United States
b Département de Médecine Nucléaire et de Radiobiologie, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke (Québec), Canada J1H 5N4
c Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, UMDNJ – New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07101, United States

Available online 17 December 2011.
In Press, Corrected Proof
Abstract

Cellular exposure to ionizing radiation leads to oxidizing events that alter atomic structure through direct interactions of radiation with target macromolecules or via products of water radiolysis. Further, the oxidative damage may spread from the targeted to neighboring, non-targeted bystander cells through redox-modulated intercellular communication mechanisms. To cope with the induced stress and the changes in the redox environment, organisms elicit transient responses at the molecular, cellular and tissue levels to counteract toxic effects of radiation. Metabolic pathways are induced during and shortly after the exposure. Depending on radiation dose, dose-rate and quality, these protective mechanisms may or may not be sufficient to cope with the stress. When the harmful effects exceed those of homeostatic biochemical processes, induced biological changes persist and may be propagated to progeny cells. Physiological levels of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species play critical roles in many cellular functions. In irradiated cells, levels of these reactive species may be increased due to perturbations in oxidative metabolism and chronic inflammatory responses, thereby contributing to the long-term effects of exposure to ionizing radiation on genomic stability. Here, in addition to immediate biological effects of water radiolysis on DNA damage, we also discuss the role of mitochondria in the delayed outcomes of ionization radiation. Defects in mitochondrial functions lead to accelerated aging and numerous pathological conditions. Different types of radiation vary in their linear energy transfer (LET) properties, and we discuss their effects on various aspects of mitochondrial physiology. These include short and long-term in vitro and in vivo effects on mitochondrial DNA, mitochondrial protein import and metabolic and antioxidant enzymes
radiation fatigue as a harm: http://www.cfids-cab.org/MESA/Pall.pdf Post-radiation syndrome as a NO/ONOO– cycle,
chronic fatigue syndrome-like disease
Martin L. Pall *
School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-4234, USA
Received 9 May 2008; accepted 12 May 2008

Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation Exposure: Understanding the risk for Cellular Transformation”.“L.DE SAINT-GEORGES EUROPEAN RADIATION RESEARCH
https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache%3A-NTWPB3vyvQJ%3Awww.radiationhormesis.com%2FRadiationHormesis%2FLow-dose%2520ionizing%2520radiation%2520exposure.pdf+Dr.+Louis+de+Saint-Georges+radiation+homeostasis&hl=en&gl=au&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShnZ5p503Z_o1FLL15wMEbWkjvTrG0kp7CXXPUYWfIHURp8ICdiE6Rvhu_aiHlJ-WvvqnwoO88AEmzqpp6YQTzSAvmWXWlyWgI936BkDSxSknH7WkHEn8D9-60bOLPpqZmm78PR&sig=AHIEtbRy3943mOgEwCQlyxCs9k4bXv8hIw

The matter is complex. The Japanese authorities have a duty to rigourously examine the cumulative dose actually recieved by people in Japanese hotzones over the last ten months. How will the situation stand in ten months time. If the Japanese authorities are seriously committed to providing protection and medical care to its people, it must do more than attack the sick on the basis of a phony science called radiation hormesis.

Sources of information regarding the symptoms suffered by people living in Japanese hot zones.

http://fukushima-diary.com/2011/11/low-dose-symptoms-map/

https://sites.google.com/site/fukushimareport/
“Fukushima Radioactive Contamination Symptoms Research (FRCSR): The research and collection of data due to the Fukushima nuclear accident. We have a monthly report that can be viewed at the end of the month by anyone interested. Our website is not just for those affected by Fukushima but also for anyone in the world that may have been exposed to radiation. Our hope is to improve the situation of those who are suffering from radioactive contamination anywhere in the world. Please contact us by e-mail if you have any questions or valuable information on these matters. This website is located in the United States of America and protected by the U.S. copyright laws.” Pity this site combines fatigue with panic and sleeplessness on the symptom map.

The story of fatigue as suffered by those people who entered Hiroshima AFTER the bomb:

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120123p2a00m0na013000c.html
quote
Bomb survivor doctor continues to speak up about significance of internal exposure
“Internal radiation exposure has been around since the Hiroshima/Nagasaki days,” said 95-year-old doctor Shuntaro Hida. He has treated over 6,000 patients with bura-bura disease, a kind of fatigue seen among A-bomb survivors, and is himself a survivor of the Hiroshima bombing. His voice carried well inside the Yokohama auditorium where he was giving a lecture titled “The Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant Incident and Internal Radiation Exposure.”
“People who weren’t in Hiroshima or Nagasaki when the bombs fell, but went there a few days later searching for family members died mysteriously,” he said. Though Hida usually walks with a cane, his speech was an impassioned one that he gave for two hours on his feet.
Hida was stationed at an army hospital in Hiroshima in 1944. A first lieutenant doctor, he was in the city of Hiroshima’s Higashi Ward about 6 kilometers away from the bomb’s hypocenter when the bomb was dropped. Before the day was over, he had made numerous trips back and forth from the hypocenter, and later offered emergency medical treatment in the surrounding areas. Because of the sheer number of people who suffered horrendous burns, the mysterious phenomenon of people entering the city after the bombing and dying strange deaths went relatively unnoticed.
One woman arrived in Hiroshima a week after the bombing to look for her husband. After walking the ruins of the city for a week, they were reunited. However, when she was helping to take care of a critically injured patient, she developed a fever and purple spots on her skin. Her hair also fell out, and she vomited blood before she died.
Witnessing such a phenomenon, Hida and his colleagues came up with the concept of “city-entering radiation exposure.”
“The term ‘internal radiation exposure’ didn’t exist at the time,” Hida said. “Because these people entered the city and were exposed to radiation, we called it ‘ city-entering radiation exposure.’ We had no theory on why they were dying, though.”
According to Hida, among victims of “city-entering radiation exposure,” some died while others went on to live, albeit with various ailments.
Hida subsequently began union activities, and in 1950, opened his own clinic in Tokyo’s Suginami Ward. He later relocated to neighboring Saitama Prefecture and worked as an internist, while serving from 1979 to 2009 as the chair of the Japan Confederation of A- and H-Bomb Sufferers Organizations’ central consultation center.
During this time, atom bomb survivors flocked to see the rumored “radiation doctor.” They always came in the evening, right before the Hida’s clinic closed. They did not disclose at the reception desk that they had been exposed to radiation; Hida intuited from their behavior in the exam room that they were.
“Atom bomb survivors were at one time unable to take out life insurance policies. Countless survivors have been discriminated against in marriage, studies, employment, and other important life events,” Hida writes in his book, “Naibu hibaku no kyoi” (The Threat of Internal Radiation Exposure). “This is inherited by the second (children’s) generation, and the third generation . . . ”
Hida, who had seen so many atomic bomb survivors forced to live lives at the bottom rungs of society, continued for years to pursue the medical mechanism for “city-entering radiation exposure.” Some 30 years after the bombs had been dropped, Hida happened upon a paper about internal exposure written by an American researcher. Hida said he was dumbfounded when he read that many people affected by U.S.-run nuclear experiments had presented symptoms similar to bomb survivors in Japan. He then translated such papers into Japanese, and started speaking up about the dangers of internal radiation exposure in both Japan and abroad.
To his audience in Yokohama, Hida spoke about people who had survived direct damage from the bomb, but who after a few years were suffering from fatigue so intense that they could not sit up.
“They didn’t bleed, their hair didn’t fall out, they were suffering no visible ailments, and yet there were so many people claiming to be deathly exhausted. I’d examine them, and find nothing wrong. They were perceived to be lazy, and a patient’s family member named it “bura-bura” (an onomatopoeia describing someone hanging out and doing nothing) disease.
Bura-bura patients were mostly healthy people prior to radiation exposure, but now become easily ill. They feel lethargic, which keep them from sticking to work. Doctors examining them can find nothing out of the ordinary, which is why many have been labeled by friends and family as lazy.
After the lecture, Hida added: “To put it simply, it’s a generalized weakness in the body. You only have the patient’s word, and it defies categorization under modern medicine, so a doctor might diagnose it not as a physical illness but as a neurosis. Recently, a researcher on the Chernobyl disaster in the former Soviet Union told me there’s such a thing as “radiation fatigue” — thus named because people who had been exposed to radiation from the incident were tired. The way I see it, it wouldn’t be strange in the least if such symptoms were seen in Fukushima.”
The study of the long-term effects of radiation from atomic bombs on the human body was begun by the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC) established under President Harry Truman in 1947. The research base was relocated in 1975 to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), run cooperatively by the Japanese and U.S. governments and located in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The research results from activities there are reflected in the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP)’s radiological consequence evaluation. RERF is now involved in investigating the health conditions of Fukushima Prefecture residents.
The ongoing study, which primarily addresses external radiation exposure, has been criticized from some researchers and victims’ organizations for underestimating the risks of radiation exposure. Hida, meanwhile, has a theory on why no in-depth study of the internal radiation exposure of Hiroshima and Nagasaki bomb victims ever took place.
“If you kill someone in a war, you’re not guilty of a crime. But if we were to acknowledge that all these years later, people continue to die from the effects of the war and the bombs, the very existence of nuclear weapons would be on tenuous ground, because it would be considered an inhumane weapon. I think therein lies the reason why various countries refuse to acknowledge internal radiation exposure.” That is also probably why a causal relationship between radiation exposure and bura-bura disease has not yet been acknowledged.
Hida has spoken as a witness in lawsuits brought against the government by survivors seeking radiation sickness certification and benefits. He questions researchers’ claims that lifetime total radiation exposure of less than 100 millisieverts has no known health effects. The theory is worlds apart from the reality that he has seen among his patients over the years.
“I’ve felt a sense of duty for having survived the war and the bomb by chance. For the many people who experienced the bombings, I’ve stood up against the occupation forces and the Japanese government, who others have often deferred to. I have this ‘so what, I’m not doing anything wrong’ attitude at the core.”
Click here for the original Japanese story
(Mainichi Japan) January 23, 2012 end quote.

This is a long post, but the information is plentiful linking radiation exposure and fatigue. There are current studies aimed at further explaining the bio-chemical relationship between radiation and the response of the body.

I would look at this closed loop of stimulus and response as a metabolic syndrome. And the role of metabolic dysfunction is a hall mark which blights the lives of many downwinders from Nevada Test Site in the USA.

Which came first ? Metabolic dysfunction or a diseased thyroid?

It is the endocrine which plays a role in metabolic balance. This is probably true of radiation as it is in migraine and probably chronic fatigue syndrome. The same symptoms, and I have only picked one, so that I dont get overwhelmed by info, are common across the chronic inflamatory diseases. There is a very strong – in fact, concrete – link between radiation exposure and fatigue. Oncologists describe and their patients are given sensible answers and support.

Unlike the previously healthy sufferers of the same syndrome in radiation affected areas of Japan. I beleive doctors who see the same thing have a duty to speak up, where ever they are.

TEPCO has been protected enough. It’s time to stop bullying the people TEPCO and Japanese government know to be affected. Its time to respond to reality.

In relation to the events as they have unfolded in Japan since March 2011, the IAEA has shown itself to be concerned with that portion of its Charter which charges it with promotion of nuclear power. Seemingly to the exclusion of the protection and monitoring of the people living in TEPCO contaminated hot spots.

None the less, the fact is, that IAEA publications dealing with health effects caused by exposure to ionising radiation,
the IAEA’s own instruction is this: Where radiation is present, radiation must be considered in the diagnosis of disease.
Thermal burns or psorasis become Beta radiation burns, psychologically attributed fatique, vomitting and other symptoms become exposure to fission products in the school, home, backyard and food.

As much as such conclusions might not appeal to the IAEA, TEPCO and its seeming subsiduary, the Japanese government.

IF cumulative exposure doses are sufficient, after 10 months, to induce radiation related symptoms, then one has serious questions to ask about the state of Japan’s pregrant women, the fetus and the nursing mothers and children.

It seems to me that in another 10 months, either the truth will out, or the world nuclear industry will have for a short time won some time at the cost to the Japanese public and individual health.

The medical record shows that the response to radiation is individual and that mass pronouncements of “no harm” are hollow, empty and without basis. Any doctor administering radiation treatment monitors individauls being irradiated and adjusts subsequent treatment doses accordingly. This is particularly true during P32 and S89 internal radionuclide treatments. As Sr89 has been admitted to be released into the areas where people are forced to live, this concept of internal irradiation has a clear medical reality. And the internal hazard posed by all the emissions from Fukushima, on this same basis cannot be ignored. Yet this is what has happened. I have previously posted on the early attempts to calculate the equivalent whole body external radiation dose from small amounts of injected Sr89. (Peacher, 1942). A very small internalisation of the fission products results in radiation doses of huge values when the equivalent external exposures are considered. 1mg of injected Sr89 is equivalent, according to Pecher, to 600 r whole body external x ray (Univ California Press, editor C.D. Leake, 1942, posthumous).

Wake up Japan.

In the matter of using the example of people exposed to radiation in the course of cancer treatment, there is a clear precedent: The US Atomic Energy Commission’s Projects Gabriel and Sunshine. During the course of these, the AEC’s Libby, Hamilton and others attempted to monitor the progress of the (by then) late Dr Pecher’s injected Sr89 treatment. They did this by labelling his hospital patient notes “secret” and by arranging a special reprint of his seminal paper of 1942. This is clearly shown in the correspondence of Hamilton and others.

This precedent may apply to the people stuck in Japanese hot zones.

FOIA documents released by the NRC in response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster.

January 25, 2012

This is a link page.

“This post is part of an on-going series originally posted at DailyKos and republished by Enformable with permission of the author. Through the series the author highlights and comments on FOIA documents released by the NRC in response to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster.” Enformable.

http://enformable.com/2012/01/fukushima-foia-docs-6-your-career-likely-over/

There isn’t anybody out there who thinks that spent fuel is like a flat battery only made of uranium is there?

The radioactivity of new fuel rods consists of that emitted by the uranium. Or mix of Uranium and plutonium if its MOx.

After fission there are over 200 different fission products in the fuel rods as well. The spent fuel rods are very many times more radioactive than the new fuel rods.

The used or spent fuel rods are to radioactive that they get hot. Very hot and have to cooled. If they aren’t cooled successfully, they catch fire……….In Japan, where there is nowhere to store nuclear power plant waste, the spent fuel seems to be stored on site at the reactors.

Nuclear authorities vs Democracy 3. The case of Christopher Johnson

January 25, 2012

This story relates to Canadian journalist Christopher Johnson, who, arriving home in Tokyo by air from a visit to Korea, is detained by Airport authorities. His name is noticed on a Watch List. Despite his long term residence in Japan, he is interrogated and held in detention.

http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2012/01/japans-immigration-control

The Economist, Japan’s immigration control
Gulag for gaijin

Jan 18th 2012, 12:29 by K.N.C. | TOKYO

Quote: “AN EXTRAORDINARY story is making the rounds among the hacks and other expats in Japan. A Canadian freelance journalist who has lived in Japan for years fell into the ugly whirlpool of Japan’s immigration-and-detention system. For years human-rights monitors have cited Japan’s responsible agencies for awful abuses; in their reports the system looks like something dark, chaotic and utterly incongruous with the country’s image of friendly lawfulness.

Still the case of Christopher Johnson beggars belief. Returning to Tokyo after a short trip on December 23rd he was ushered into an examination room, where his nightmare began. Over the next 24 hours he was imprisoned and harassed. Most of his requests to call a lawyer, the embassy or friends were denied, he says.

Officials falsified statements that he gave them and then insisted that he sign the erroneous testimony, he says. Guards tried to extort money from him and at one point even threatened to shoot him, he says—unless he purchased a wildly expensive ticket for his own deportation, including an overt kick-back for his tormentors. Once he was separated from his belongings, money was stolen from his wallet and other items removed from his baggage (as he has reported to the Tokyo police).”

“….The immigration officers provided a translator—hired by immigration. She turned out to be the interpreter from hell. ”Hi, what’s your name?” I asked, introducing myself to her. “I don’t have to tell you anything,” she snapped at me. She was backed up by four uniformed immigration officials.

Q: “What are the names of the hotels where you stayed in April in the disaster zone? What are the names of people you met in Fukushima?”

A: “Well, I stayed at many places, I met hundreds of people.”

Q: “What are their names?”

A: “Well, there are so many.”

Q: “You are refusing to answer the question! You must say exactly, in detail.”

(Before I could answer, next question.)

Q: “What were you doing in May 2010? Who did you meet then?”

A: “That was a long time ago. Let me think for a moment.”

The interpreter butted in: “See, you are refusing to answer. You are lying.”

The “interpreter”, biased toward her colleagues in the immigration department, intentionally mistranslated my answers, and repeatedly accused me of making unclear statements. I understood enough of their conversation in Japanese to realise she totally got my story wrong.

Without hesitation, he wrote on a document: “No proof. Entry denied.”

“But I do have proof,” I said.”

What on earth had Chrisopher Johnson written in newspaper articles which had upset Japanese authorities so much that they treated him in a manner arguably, in the short term, worse than British, Australian (and due to the source of the secrecy, the USA) treated Australian Hedley Marston in the 1950’s?

(see Mr Johnson’s blog at http://globalite.posterous.com/inside-the-gaijin-tank-dungeon-at-narita-airp-91122

Here’s one:

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/fl20111218x2.html
WEEK 3
Lone holdout’s first nuclear winter looms in Tohoku

By CHRISTOPHER JOHNSON
Special to The Japan Times

MIHARU VILLAGE, Fukushima Prefecture — As bitter winds blow around cesium and other radioactive particles spewed from the nearby Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant’s reactors, Naoto Matsumura lights a cigarette, which he considers relatively good for his health. …According to reports from Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency published in August, following the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, and subsequent explosions at three reactors about 13 km from Matsumura’s door, the plant operated by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (Tepco) has released 168 times more radiation than the atomic bombs that razed Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.

Living without electricity or enough money to fill his generators with gas, even as the mercury is already dipping below zero, Matsumura wonders if his neighbor’s supply of charcoal will be enough to keep him warm through the frigid winter in his corner of the once-thriving town of Tomioka that used to be home to 16,000 people.

He’s worried, too, that the hundreds of animals he’s been feeding since the area’s other residents were evacuated in haste on March 12 — some 400 cows, 60 pigs, 30 fowl, 10 dogs, more than 100 cats, and an ostrich — won’t survive to see another spring.

“They need help from humans,” he says while lighting another of the 20-odd cigarettes he admits to smoking a day. “My supplies to feed them will be gone by the end of December. They need food, and buildings for shelter from the winter. I’m the only one taking care of everything. The government should do it, but I’m doing it.”

As we stand in a rice field outside the exclusion zone about 40 km due west of the ongoing meltdowns, Matsumura tells me that he comes from an ancestral line of samurai, and he was raised by a “spartan” father to work hard and think for himself.

A lifelong farmer, he’s lived alone since separating from his wife 10 years ago. When his worried children, aged 23 and 21, called from their homes in distant Saitama Prefecture after the explosions in March, Matsumura says he told them: “Don’t worry. If the whole world dies from this nuclear disaster, I’m still not going to die. I’m not going to leave here.”

Indeed, this silver-haired, soft-spoken man of the land who has enjoyed playing golf in Saipan and the Philippines, says he now views himself as a lone maverick in a toxic desert — one hunted by an invisible enemy called “radioactivity” eating away at living things now and into the future. As the other animals perish around him, he wonders when it will be his turn.

All Matsumura’s friends have left, and they no longer ask him to bring their stuff to them in the temporary shelters they must now inhabit. The automatic vending machines, which used to light up the country roads, no longer work.

After sunset, he is surrounded by miles of total darkness devoid of human movement. He has no television or Internet, only a cellphone that loses charge all too quickly. He stokes up a charcoal fire in his house, tucks himself into a futon, and goes to sleep by 7 p.m. — haunted by nightmares of what could be happening inside his body.

Waking with the rising sun, he eats another can of food, and takes his dogs for a 20-minute walk among barren fields. He spends daylight hours cleaning grave sites and tending to animals withering around him in their stalls, sheds and barns. Meanwhile, cows and pigs and other animals set free by their fleeing owners in March now fend for themselves in wild, radiation-contaminated nature.

Even nine months after everybody else fled on March 12, Matsumura says he is still shocked by the scenes of cruel death he encounters daily: the bones of cows that starved tied up or in confined spaces after they’d eaten all their fodder; a locked cage full of 20 shrivelled canaries denied by their keeper’s panic even a chance to fly away free.

“People don’t want to see dead animals. They would be shocked if they saw it for themselves. I see it every day,” this animal-lover says quietly with real feeling.

His efforts to publicize the plight of the animals haven’t worked, he says. He tells how he once showed a low-level government official around nearby Tomioka town — formerly famous for having one of the longest cherry-blossom tunnels in Japan — and told him they should at least take away carcasses. But even though Tepco brings in thousands of workers to stabilize the reactors, he says the official told him: “Sorry, Mr. Matsumura, we can’t do anything inside the 20-km evacuation zone.”

On April 21, more than a month after the ongoing disaster began, Matsumura joined a protest outside Tepco’s headquarters in Tokyo. “I told them, ‘Take care of the pets and farm animals, it’s your responsibility.’ But they only said, ‘We are studying it.’ They still haven’t taken action,” he reported.

In September, he showed two lower-level Tepco officials around Tomioka. During their conversation together, he says, “I told them to tell the top people about what they saw. Maybe they told them, but the top guys pretend they don’t know anything,” he said, pausing to light a cigarette. “They don’t have human hearts. They only think about money.”

Though he’s not alone in lambasting Tepco, Matsumura’s rage is more intense than most. He blames Tepco for “killing” his 100-year-old aunt, who he says died from exhaustion after being moved from several hospitals between Tomioka and finally Aizu-Wakamatsu in western Fukushima Prefecture.

“Many people died like that because of Tepco,” he declares. “It’s a terrible company. They have more power than the national parliament, because they control the supply of electricity, and they have power over the media through advertising.”

He says Tepco, which will need massive taxpayer funding to stay afloat, has only paid nuclear refugees ¥1 million each in compensation (about $12,000).

Yet the company, which claims to be on schedule with its plan to achieve a cold shutdown of the damaged reactors by the new year, saw fit to present itself in a positive light when, on Nov. 12, it invited 35 journalists (including four from overseas) for a first media view of its wrecked nuclear plant.

“I think it’s remarkable that we’ve come this far,” Environment Minister Goshi Hosono told those on the tour. “The situation at the beginning was extremely severe. At least we can say we have overcome the worst.”

Such hints of hubris, however, sit uneasily with the established facts.

In November, the esteemed journal Proceedings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences carried the results of an international research study led by Teppei Yasunari of the Universities Space Research Association in Maryland. This found that radioactive cesium had “strongly contaminated” the soils in “large areas” of eastern and northeastern Japan, including Fukushima Prefecture, while western Japan had been relatively sheltered by mountain ranges. (To view this report, visit http://www.pnas.org/content/108/49/19530.)

Since the release of those findings, the Tokyo government has recently banned the sale of rice from large swaths of Fukushima Prefecture after high levels of cesium were found in crops from Onami, about 65 km northwest of the nuclear power plants.

Though Matsumura, who doesn’t have a geiger counter, says he somehow thinks radiation levels are decreasing, he believes it’s not safe for former residents to return to Tomioka. And he’s adamant that children shouldn’t eat rice from eastern Fukushima Prefecture, though he does himself.

Parking his white Suzuki truck near Koriyama City train station outside the evacuation zone, he says that his plight and that of the animals in his locality is not widely known in Japan — largely, he riles, because TV companies have ignored him or repeatedly canceled segments about him.

“It’s now impossible for me to meet with Japan’s mainstream media,” he explains. “If I say bad things about Tepco, and the government, they won’t run it because Tepco is their sponsor.”

One tabloid magazine, Friday, did run a two-page feature on Matsumura, with bizarre photos of him feeding an ostrich — which it quipped in bad taste was “the official mascot of Tepco.”

So, as he believes himself to have been ostracized in his native Japan, Matsumura has made a few trips to Tokyo to beg foreign journalists to tell the truth about Fukushima. To reach him inside the no-entry evacuation zone, one such from Italy walked along railway tracks for 20 km under cover of darkness to evade police patrols. Searching for him, as their meeting was prearranged, Matsumura says he could hear the man’s footsteps in a pitch-black railway tunnel. “When he was about 10 meters away, I called out ghost noises — and he was dumbstruck with fear. He later told me he’d thought his heart was about to explode.”

Another visit Matsumura received recently was on a Sunday afternoon in November. The farmer tells how an ambulance suddenly showed up at his door. “I was a bit unnerved that they’d come into my house, and I didn’t know who’d sent them,” he said, adding that “they checked my body and my health, but they didn’t find anything bad in particular.”

He gets most passionate talking about the abandoned animals and about nuclear energy. “The whole world should stop using this bad form of energy. Anything we build with our hands can break someday,” he says. “Governments should stop lying to us. Everybody in Fukushima — everybody — doesn’t believe the news about the nuclear situation.”

As he prepares to leave me at the station and return to his home in the no-go zone before night falls, he says that Tomioka, like other towns in the evacuation zone, will disappear unless drastic action is taken immediately.

As he put it: “Only senior citizens are saying they want to move back, not the younger people. Eventually, in 20 years, all these elders will pass away, and there won’t be any younger generation to maintain the circle of life. Nobody will be left.”

But for now, he says, he’s going to stay. “I am not bored or depressed, because I’m used to being alone. I know I am doing the right thing. My own doctor says I’m a ‘champion of radiation.’ ”
end quote.

I think as far as JGov goes, well, it can only keep some of the people down some of the time, and F = Fail in anyone’s language.

It’s not 1957 anymore Mr. Noda.

See also: http://globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=28813 “Fukushima Cover Up Unravels: “The Government Can No Longer Pull the Wool Over the Public’s Eyes”

via Linda Wishon’s post at Fukushima 311 Watchdogs.