Archive for July, 2012

Manipulating public health research: the nuclear and radiation health establishments.

July 27, 2012

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17915547

Int J Occup Environ Health. 2007 Jul-Sep;13(3):328-30.
Manipulating public health research: the nuclear and radiation health establishments.
Nussbaum RH.
Source

Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA. d4rn@odin.pdx.edu
Abstract

Industry, government, and the military have systematically suppressed or manipulated epidemiologic research showing detrimental effects on human health from accidental or occupational exposures to ionizing radiation. This leads to conflicts of interest and compromised integrity among scientists in the radiation health establishment, it stifles dissemination of “unwelcome” findings and endangers public health.

PMID:
17915547
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Reproductive outcomes after radiation exposure.

July 27, 2012

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9583418

Epidemiology. 1998 May;9(3):271-8.
Adverse reproductive outcomes among women exposed to low levels of ionizing radiation from diagnostic radiography for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Goldberg MS, Mayo NE, Levy AR, Scott SC, Poîtras B.
Source

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Institut Armand-Frappier, Université de Québec, Laval, Canada.
Abstract

In a cohort of women followed up for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, we assessed the association between exposure to ionizing radiation from diagnostic radiography received in adolescence and subsequent adverse reproductive outcomes in adulthood. We estimated risk for unsuccessful attempts at pregnancy, spontaneous abortions, low birthweight (<2,500 gm), congenital malformations, and stillbirths according to dose to the ovaries. We used regression models for binary and continuous outcomes, accounting for key covariates and for clustering in the data that arose from women having multiple pregnancies. Risks in the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cohort were higher than in the reference group for unsuccessful attempts at pregnancy [adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.33; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.84-2.13], spontaneous abortions (OR = 1.35; 95% CI = 1.06-1.73), and congenital malformations (OR = 1.20; 95% CI = 0.78-1.84), but the odds ratios did not increase monotonically by dose to the ovaries. There were fewer stillbirths (OR = 0.38; 95% CI = 0.15-0.97) and low-birthweight infants in the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cohort (OR = 0.84; 95% CI = 0.59-1.21). Nevertheless, when the analysis of low birthweight was restricted to the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cohort, the adjusted odds ratios were found to increase by quartiles of dose (median dose of 0.69 cGy): 1; 1.43 (95% CI = 0.54-3.90); 2.24 (95% CI = 0.89-5.94); and 2.34 (95% CI = 1.02-5.62). We also found that the adjusted mean birthweight decreased with increasing dose by 37.6 gm per cGy (standard error = 23.5 gm per cGy). Associations between adverse reproductive outcomes and radiotherapy have been observed previously, but this is the first study in which an association with birthweight has been found with diagnostic radiography.

Cancers among residents downwind of the Hanford, Washington, plutonium production site.

July 27, 2012

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14738272

Arch Environ Health. 2003 May;58(5):267-74.
Cancers among residents downwind of the Hanford, Washington, plutonium production site.
Grossman CM, Nussbaum RH, Nussbaum FD.
Source

Department of Medicine, Legacy Good Samaritan Hospital, Portland, Oregon, USA.
Abstract

A community-based health survey for the time period between 1944 and 1995 was collected from 801 individuals who had lived downwind of the U.S. plutonium production facility located in Hanford, Washington. The results of the survey revealed high incidences of all cancers, including thyroid cancer. There were greater than expected numbers of central nervous system tumors and cancers that invaded the female reproductive system (e.g., cancers of the uterus, ovary, cervix, and breast). The authors argue that the greater-than-expected numbers found cannot be accounted for by selection bias alone. Comparisons of crude incidence rates, as well as of occurrence ratios between pairs of cancer types among Downwinders and reasonably similar populations, suggested that the excess neoplasms may be associated with radioactive contamination of food, water, soil, and/or air. In addition, a synergistic effect may exist with agricultural toxins. Previously neglected biophysical and physiological properties of internally lodged, long-lived 129I may be a significant etiological factor in the development of thyroid diseases, including cancer, and other malignancies in exposed populations.
Comment in

Environmental contamination and health studies: conflicts of interest and reasons for community-based participatory studies. [Arch Environ Health. 2003]

PMID:
14738272
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

Childhood Leukemia and Cancers Near German Nuclear Reactors: Significance, Context, and Ramifications of Recent Studies

July 27, 2012

http://www.pdx.edu/physics/rudi-h-nussbaum

http://www.ijoeh.com/index.php/ijoeh/article/view/1151

Childhood Leukemia and Cancers Near German Nuclear Reactors: Significance, Context, and Ramifications of Recent Studies
Rudi H. Nussbaum

Abstract

A government-sponsored study of childhood cancer in
the proximity of German nuclear power plants
(German acronym KiKK) found that children < 5 years
living 5 km.
The researchers concluded that since “this result was
not to be expected under current radiation-epidemiological
knowledge” and confounders could not be
identified, the observed association of leukemia incidence
with residential proximity to nuclear plants
“remains unexplained.” This unjustified conclusion
illustrates the dissonance between evidence and
assumptions. There exist serious flaws and gaps in the
knowledge on which accepted models for population
exposure and radiation risk are based. Studies with
results contradictory to those of KiKK lack statistical
power to invalidate its findings. The KiKK study’s ramifications
add to the urgency for a public policy debate
regarding the health impact of nuclear power generation.

Full Text: PDF Restricted Access View Open Access

Funny how nuclear industry labels anyone who disagrees with it a
lunatic extremist. In the 1950-1980s, they used to label such
people communists. That won’t work anyone, so they had to
pick a new bully term. The people they called communists in 1971
warned that the ECCS would not work. The Chair of the AEC none the
less called for a technical fix that never came. It became so bent
that the USA abolished it, but the USA did not urge the nuclear markets the
AEC created and puppet mastered to do the same.

One end result is Fukushima. This is what happens when the trainees of bombardiers are put in charge in of public health

Inconsistencies and open questions regarding low-dose health effects of ionizing radiation. R H Nussbaum and W Köhnlein

July 27, 2012

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1567333/

Environ Health Perspect. 1994 August; 102(8): 656–667.
PMCID: PMC1567333
Research Article
Inconsistencies and open questions regarding low-dose health effects of ionizing radiation.
R H Nussbaum and W Köhnlein
Author information ► Copyright and License information ►
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Abstract

The effects on human health of exposures to ionizing radiation at low doses have long been the subject of dispute. In this paper we focus on open questions regarding the health effects of low-dose exposures that require further investigations. Seemingly contradictory findings of radiation health effects have been reported for the same exposed populations, or inconsistent estimates of radiation risks were found when different populations and exposure conditions were compared. Such discrepancies may be indicative of differences in sensitivities among the applied methods of epidemiological analysis or indicative of significant discrepancies in health consequences after comparable total exposures of different populations under varying conditions. We focus first on inconsistencies and contradictions in presentations of the state of knowledge by different authoritative experts. We then review studies that found positive associations between exposure and risks in dose ranges where traditional notions (generalized primarily from high-dose studies of A-bomb survivors or exposed animals) would have predicted negligible effects. One persistent notion in many reviews of low-dose effects is the hypothesis of reduced biological effectiveness of fractionated low-dose exposures, compared to that of the same acute dose. This assumption is not supported by data on human populations. From studies of populations that live in contaminated areas, more and more evidence is accumulating on unusual rates of various diseases other than radiation-induced malignancies, health effects that are suspected to be associated with relatively low levels of internal exposures originating from radioactive fallout. Such effects include congenital defects, neonatal mortality, stillbirths, and possibly genetically transmitted disease. A range of open questions challenges scientists to test imaginative hypotheses about induction of disease by radiation with novel research strategies.

Full text
Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (3.5M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Is Nuke Industry safer than the bomb tests – NO. Add, don’t Subtract.

July 27, 2012

http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201207250351.html

Radioactive strontium from Fukushima disaster found in 10 prefectures

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN

2012/07/26

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Radioactive strontium-90 from the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant has been detected for the first time in 10 prefectures outside Miyagi and Fukushima, the science ministry said July 24.

END QUOTE.

Strontium 90 and 89 have been reported distance from the Fukushima plant.
In the days prior to the Government suppression of Plutonium data (one report was released and then reporting stopped), Sr** had been regularly found and reported.

deaths

bikini

More here:

http://www.nuclearcrimes.org/nuclearnews.php#5

Fukushima school children ABC TV

July 27, 2012

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-08-15/parents-pack-up-fukushima-children/2839210

Katie the Goat, Millstone Radiation Whistleblower, Stricken by Nuclear Fallout

July 26, 2012

Katie the Goat, Millstone Radiation Whistleblower, Stricken by Nuclear Fallout

Begins ‘Farewell Tour’ to Alert Public to Deadly Hazards of Nuclear Power

http://www.mothersmilkproject.org/

Katie the Goat, whose milk contained excessive levels of radioactive strontium-90 when she lived five miles from the Millstone Nuclear Power Station from 2000 and 2003, has been diagnosed with untreatable terminal cancer medically linked to radiation exposure.

Connecticut’s well-known radiation monitor and nuclear whistleblower has been fatally stricken with nuclear fallout.

“Katie’s message is for the whole world to hear: that radiation from nuclear power plants is deadly,” said Nancy Burton, director of the Connecticut Coalition Against Millstone (www.MothballMillstone.org) and Katie’s caretaker.

Katie’s dire diagnosis provides unprecedented proof linking exposure to Millstone and Indian Point radioactive emissions with deadly cancer. Even during routine operation, nuclear power plants are designed to vent radiation into the air. They are dispersed by wind and weather conditions. They can be ingested by a goat – or a human – through breathing, drinking water and eating vegetation, including garden produce.

“In Connecticut, nature’s purest and best nutrient – mother’s milk – can harbor insidious poisons from Millstone and Indian Point and we are being lied to by those who produce and profit from these deadly nuclear byproducts,” she said.

“The implications for child welfare and public health are enormous,” Burton said. “We are all at risk.”

Katie was adopted by the Coalition when it discovered her high strontium-90 milk levels in little-noticed reports filed with the state and federal governments and, appearing at numerous rallies and events across the state, Katie made headlines and became a “poster goat” alerting mothers and others to the hazards of nuclear power.

She appeared with Ralph Nader and on public-access television. She appeared at a rally at Millstone to support Sham Mehta, the Millstone whistleblower fired by Dominion after he reported to the NRC that Dominion was routinely deliberately disabling its perimeter security system.

Most famously, Katie appeared at the State Capitol in June 2006 with her baby kids, Cindy-Lu and Joe-Joe, for a press conference and with hopes to meet with then-Governor M. Jodie Rell to share the laboratory results of her contaminated milk. Health physicist Dr. Ernest Sternglass appeared alongside Katie to explain that the excessive levels of strontium-90 found in her milk – higher, he said, than in milk produced during the peak of atmospheric nuclear weapons testing in the 1960s – derived from Millstone releases and appeared to represent an exceedence of federal radiation standards. The Governor declined to meet with Katie.

Katie returned to the State Capitol today for a press conference to inaugurate her ‘Farewell Tour’ and to present a letter to Governor Dannel Malloy sharing laboratory results analyzing her milk, both when she lived at 120 Dayton Road in Waterford and, since 2008, when she has resided in Redding, Connecticut. Redding is located approximately 25 miles downwind of the Indian Point Nuclear Power Station.

Katie’s results show high levels of strontium-90 as well as the presence of strontium-89 at both locations. Both radioisotopes are manmade byproducts of nuclear fission and both are potent carcinogens. In their chemical composition, they mimic calcium and, once ingested from the air, water or food, they concentrate in the bones and teeth, causing bone cancer, leukemia and soft-tissue cancer.[1] Katie has been diagnosed with a soft-tissue sarcoma in her shoulder above her foreleg by the Tufts Veterinary Hospital in Massachusetts.

Strontium-90 has a half-life of 30 years, meaning that it loses half its radioactivity after 30 years. Strontium-89 has a half-life of only 50 days. If it can be detected, it means it was freshly produced, probably not far away. Of the two, strontium-89 is the more significant indicator that a nearby nuclear power plant is responsible for the presence of the carcinogen.

Katie was joined at the press conference by her now grown-up daughter, Cindy-Lu, and granddaughter Dana Blue-Eyes.

Since she first gave birth in Redding in 2008, Cindy-Lu’s milk has also tested positively for strontium-90 and strontium-89. The goats’ caretaker, Nancy Burton, is also co-director of the Mothers Milk Project (www.MothersMilkProject.org), which collects milk samples from cows, goats and humans living near Indian Point and sends the samples to a certified private laboratory for analysis.

When Katie lived near Millstone in Waterford, agents of Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc. collected her milk and tested it every three months. The long lag time enabled what strontium-89 might have been present to decay to undetectable levels. Nevertheless, some samples showed the presence of strontium-89.

In reports it filed with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Dominion Nuclear Connecticut, Inc., Millstone’s owner, reported the following levels of strontium-90 and strontium-89 (all in picocuries/liter) at 120 Dayton Road in Waterford (“Location 22”):

2000
June 28: Sr-90 11.0
September 26: Sr-89 2.2, Sr-90 44.4

2001
June 29: Sr-89 2.5, Sr-90 13.2
September 19: Sr-89 3.2, Sr-90 55.5

2002
[Unavailable]

2003
June 24: Sr-90 9.2
August 19: Sr-89 6, Sr-90 14.5

By way of comparison, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency last issued a report in 1993 of levels of strontium-90 in milk sold commercially in 37 U.S. cities. The highest level reported was 2.8 picocuries/liter in Little Rock AK, with 12 of the samples less than one.[2]

Dominion also reported that Katie’s milk contained concentrations of other radioisotopes, including Iodine-131, Cesium-134, Cesium-137 and others.

Concentrated radiation found in Tokyo

July 26, 2012

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-10-25/radiation-detected-in-tokyo/3598492

By North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy, wires

Posted October 25, 2011 09:25:00

Radiation levels as high as those in the evacuation zone around the Fukushima nuclear plant have been detected in a Tokyo suburb.

The radiation hotspot was found in a vacant lot in Kashiwa, a commuter suburb on the outskirts of Japan’s capital.

Radiation levels of 2 microsieverts per hour were detected one metre above the surface of the soil, equivalent to some areas in the evacuation zone around the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant.

City officials have also found contamination levels as high as 57.5 microsieverts per hour in the soil, sparking radiation fears in the neighbourhood about 195 kilometres from the accident site.

Japanese officials say the contamination is linked to the nuclear disaster following the country’s earthquake and tsunami that hit in March.

Officials have speculated that the hotspot was created after radioactive caesium carried in rain water became concentrated because of a broken gutter.

Experts say radioactive substances tend to concentrate in spots where dust and rainwater accumulate, such as in drains and ditches.

“We covered the area with river sand and plastic sheets, which so far have lowered the radiation levels in the air,” a Kashiwa city official said.

ABC/AFP

Radiation covers 8pc of Japan – ABC

July 26, 2012

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2011-11-22/japan-land-contaminated-by-radiation/3686324

Quote


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Radiation covers 8pc of Japan
By North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy

Japan’s science ministry says 8 per cent of the country’s surface area has been contaminated by radiation from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant.

It says more than 30,000 square kilometres of the country has been blanketed by radioactive caesium.

The ministry says most of the contamination was caused by four large plumes of radiation spewed out by the Fukushima nuclear plant in the first two weeks after meltdowns.

The government says some of the radioactive material fell with rain and snow, leaving the affected areas with accumulations of more than 10,000 becquerels of caesium per square metre.

Last week tests found unsafe levels of radioactive contamination in recently harvested rice from the Fukushima region.

The levels of radioactive caesium were measured at 630 becquerels per kilogram, above the maximum allowable level of 500 becquerels.

Officials from Fukushima prefecture have now asked all rice farmers in the district to suspend shipments.

There have been a series of scares over radiation in food in Japan in recent months; in products such as beef, mushrooms and green tea, but never before in the country’s staple, rice.

Authorities have also begun testing soil in some Tokyo playgrounds and schools for traces of radioactive contamination.

Many people in Japan have purchased their own Geiger counters to monitor radiation levels around them.

The Fukushima plant went into meltdown after a massive earthquake and tsunami hit the country in March.