Dr Hida 2

“Radiation sickness” as defined in diagnositic descriptions published by US CDC preclude long term expsoures. The exposures must be “acute” in order for a diagnosis to be made:

http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/ars.asp

http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/arsphysicianfactsheet.asp

This definition of the signal illness caused by radiation exposure precludes symptoms suffered due to chronic exposures.

There is strong evidence to support the view that populations living in fallout fields none the less suffer health conequences due to their exposure. This was discussed in the previous post.

Dr Hida has been treating and advocating for people who suffered the fallout experienced as a result of the atomic bombing since 1945.

This section deals with the illnesses Dr Hilda reports in fallout survivors.

The equivalent external whole body x ray dose callculated by Pecher and Aebersold in 1941 is not dependent upon an external field of exposure but an internal one. A very small amount of highly active fission product subjects the body to radiological initiated responses in a manner similar to a high external dose. Measuring the external activity of a fallout field and basing consequence on the measured external radioactivity therefore underestimates the impact upon the person if the external field is composed of particles which may be internalised within the body.

From ““Nuclear Fuel Particles in
the Environment – Characteristics, Atmospheric Transport
and Skin Dose” by R. Pollanen , University of Helsinki, 2002.” we observe that: “In a state of an acute radiation emergency, the recommended intervention
actions such as sheltering and evacuation are based on the measurement of the
external dose rate. Basic protective actions against hot particles are
presumably appropriate in almost all practical situations. However, the
problem that highly active particles may be present in the air although the
external dose rate is below the recommended operative action level (for
example, the recommended external dose rate limit for sheltering is 100 µSv h-1 ) is not only theoretical. The management of this situation requires special knowledge and equipment that are not necessarily available to the staff operating in field conditions. The possibility that highly active particles may serve as an additional health threat must be evaluated case by case based on expert judgement by the authorities familiar with radiation protection issues.”

When people live within a fallout field, this is not merely exceptional. It is every day routine.

The results show in the observed and reported health status and truncated quality of live experienced by people in such areas.

Within the Japanese setting, Dr Hida represents a coherent challenge to the conventional view which would acknowledge Pollanen’s conclusions to be valid in emergency, but which ignores the concern when the industry dictates that the emergency is over and that people are safe and not suffering any events. Around the world, in the relevant locations, people experience dissonance when they compare their symptoms and states of health with nuclear industry descriptions. Where people disagree with such official pronouncements, officials do not reach for health physics texts, they reach for those of psychiatry.

They would be well advised to read the literature. This scientific blindness is met head on Dr Hida as the following links describe

http://fukushima-is-still-news.over-blog.com/article-shuntaro-hida-on-bura-bura-disease-108073400.html

Shuntaro Hida on “Bura Bura” disease

July 12, 2012

A-bomb doctor warns of further Fukushima woes

By MEGUMI IIZUKA
Kyodo
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20120712f3.html#.T_6v8pFIwpU

A 95-year-old retired doctor is continuing to warn of possible health dangers to residents near the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant after some of them developed symptoms similar to those afflicting atomic-bomb survivors he treated for decades.

More than a year after the nuclear crisis erupted, Shuntaro Hida is busy giving lectures and interviews to make people aware of the danger of inhaling, drinking or eating radioactive substances.

Hida says he has received calls from residents around the Fukushima plant complaining of unexplained fatigue and diarrhea as well as hair loss, symptoms he suspects were caused by internal exposure to radiation.

It remains unknown if the health problems are linked to the release of massive amounts of radioactive materials from Tepco’s damaged plant. But Hida is concerned.

“I am worried because I received such calls much earlier than I expected,” he says.

The amount of research into and public knowledge about internal exposure to radiation is still limited because the United States “concealed” information about the problem for a long time after it dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, Hida says.

A native of Hiroshima, he was serving as an army doctor there when he was exposed to radiation from the atomic bomb. He has since treated more than 6,000 survivors and worked as a director of the counseling center at the Japan Confederation of A- and H-Bomb Sufferers Organizations.

Once radiation gets into the human body, it leads to long-term exposure to low-dose radiation, he says. That could pose a greater risk to human health, such as developing cancer and damaging the immune system, than short-term exposure to a higher level of radiation.

Hida says that through his endeavors to share his experiences with younger generations, he has come to feel that many people in Japan now see rejecting not only nuclear weapons but also nuclear power as “the only way” to avoid the threat of radiation.

“It is crucial to involve people who are still indifferent as well as those who have not taken any action in the movement to end nuclear power generation,” says Hida, who retired in 2009 and now lives in Saitama.

He has spent much of his life researching the unexplained fatigue called Bura Bura disease he believes is caused by radiation exposure. Hida says some people could begin showing symptoms “in one to three years” after the Fukushima meltdowns.

The illness haunted thousands of atomic-bomb survivors, including those who escaped the direct blast but inhaled, drank or ate radioactive substances, he says.

Those who exhibited the symptoms felt too tired to work or even stand up, but doctors could not clearly establish they were ill. The patients lost trust in society as they were regarded by some as pretending to be sick or were just being lazy.
“Many of them committed suicide,” Hida says. He is worried that something similar might be repeated in Fukushima because current medicine still can’t establish a link between fatigue and radiation exposure.

“It is a fight to change the mindset of each and every person,” Hida says, recalling his decades-long struggles to make people aware of the danger of internal exposure to radiation amid a lack of scientific data.

Under the Occupation until the early 1950s, people were forbidden from “speaking, recording or doing research into symptoms of atomic-bomb survivors,” he says. “I was stalked by the military police when I was talking about what I witnessed in Hiroshima,” and arrested several times by the Occupation forces for “not abiding by their Occupation policy.”

Hida, as a representative of a group of medical professionals called the Japan Federation of Democratic Medical Institutions, urged U.N. Secretary General U Thant in 1975 to hold an international conference on the effects of radiation on hibakusha, which was realized two years later.

“It’s anger that has kept me speaking to this day. How could I remain silent even 67 years after the bombings?” Hida says.

http://afsc.org/sites/afsc.civicactions.net/files/documents/Shuntaro%20Hida,%20Japan.pdf

Account of a Medical Doctor Who Had to Face Innumerable Deaths of Victims
from the Exposure to A-bomb Radiation

Shuntaro Hida

Medical Doctor and A-bomb Sufferer of Hiroshima
Director, Hibakusha Counseling Center
Japan Confederation of A-and H-Bomb Sufferers’ Organizations

In 1945, I was working as an army surgeon at the Hiroshima Army Hospital. Early in the
morning on August 6 I left home to see a patient in Hesaka Village located 6 km from Hiroshima
City. Thus I happened to escape from the death by the A-bombing. For more than 50 years since
I was engaged in the emergency medical treatment of the victims (Hibakusha) almost
immediately after the explosion, I have worked to treat A-bomb sufferers. Based on my
experience, I want to report on the deaths of those killed by nuclear weapons, hoping that it will
help promote the movement for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
1. The A-bomb radiation kills humans in two ways: 1) High-level radiation released by
explosion pierces the human body from the outside and destroys many organs simultaneously,
causing death to victims, and 2) radiation from radioactive substances taken in the human body
turns oxygen molecules in bodily fluid into activated oxygen, which in turn damages
chromosomes in cells, resulting in diseases and subsequent death.
2. Deaths caused by acute radiation disorders and sub-acute disorders: (Acute disorder means
the state of pan-histphthisis, in which multiple organs are damaged simultaneously. Sub-acute
disorder means delayed effects caused by the internal exposure to residual radioactivity.)
Within a few days of the bombing, many people died after exhibiting such violent symptoms
as high fever, diarrhea, vomiting, bleeding from mucous membranes, vomiting blood, bloody
stool, and gangrene of palatal membranes. This continued for months. Dr. Juan Amano’s theory
explains why some symptoms appeared later than others—why some Hibakusha dies
immediately, while others did not suffer these symptoms for months: Neutrons released as
radiation from the A-bomb turned the phosphorus in bones and the brain into radioactive
phosphorus, which irradiated and damaged the body cells from within. (Research report of the
Science Council of Japan “Report 1-4 of A-bomb Disorders) It was not until 1973 when
Canadian doctor Abram Petkau announced that low-level radiation was more destructive to cell
membranes than high-level radiation that the scientific analysis on the disorders caused by
internal exposure to residual radioactivity became possible.

(3) Deaths from chronic symptoms (ranging from A-bomb Bura-bura disease to leukemia,
cancer, multiple tumors of bone marrow)
In 1946, many Hibakusha began to suffer A-bomb Bura-bura disease. Patients became
lethargic, easily fatigued, and impatient, even as they seemed clinically normal. They easily
caught colds and, once they did, they took a long time to recover. This condition made it
difficult for them to continue working and degraded their already poor living condition. There
were many cases in which patients caught a slight cold and then, quite suddenly developed a fatal
case of tuberculosis. The doctors had to be very careful in treating the A-bomb Bura-bura
disease.

In 1946, Leukemia began attacking the Hibakusha. The number of those who developed the
disease gradually increased and reached its peak in 1953-54. A little later, other forms of cancer
ravaged the Hibakusha. Surveys show that the rate of cancer death of the Hibakusha is higher
than that of non-Hibakusha. (According to a survey in Saitama prefecture in 1987, 5 of the
deaths of Hibakusha (58%) were caused by cancer.) Surviving Hibakusha fear cancer the most.
Myeloma (multiple tumors of the bone marrow) does not occur frequently in the general
population. But among the Hibakusha, myeloma is not uncommon. Due to its frequency among
Hibakusha, it is listed as one of the radiation-induced diseases in the Hibakusha Aid Law. The
disease is much feared by the Hibakusha, as it is quickly fatal.

(4) Deaths caused by the lowering of immunity function and healing ability:
The Hibakusha as well as non-Hibakusha contract adult and other chronic diseases as they get
older. However, even with proper treatment and health care in their daily lives, the Hibakusha
have more cases of unstable conditions and complications than the general public. Their
conditions tend to suddenly deteriorate, leading to unexpected death in many cases.

(5) Notion of nuclear deterrence is wrong:
The nuclear deterrence doctrine, which regards the possession of nuclear arms as useful
means to deter nuclear war, suggests that the mere possession of nuclear weapons is safe and
harmless. Maintaining those nuclear weapons, without ever using them, still requires that they
frequently updated and that new weapons be developed. In every stage of nuclear development
process, from mining and refining of uranium, production of warheads, their stockpile and
transportation to the disposal of nuclear waste, Hibakusha are created by residual radioactivity.
Nuclear deterrence theory can boast a new generation of Hibakusha who suffer with radiation-
induced diseases and who will not appear in official records.
We must not overlook the fact that the practice of deterrence has been lulling international and
national opinion on the abolition of nuclear weapons into a false sense of security.
(6) Nuclear arms trigger a new war:
The wars in Korea, Vietnam and the Gulf, waged after World War II, all began with the
conviction that the war could be won in the long run through the threat of nuclear weapons. If
there had not been nuclear weapons, the decision to start the Gulf War could not have been made
so easily. Nuclear arms do not prevent war. On the contrary, they increase the temptation to start
a war.

(7) Conclusion:
The elimination of nuclear weapons is the only guarantee for the survival of humankind.

http://wcpeace.org/Hida_memoir.htm
Under the Mushroom-Shaped Cloud
in Hiroshima

a memoir by

Shuntaro Hida M.D.

© Copyright 2006 by Shuntaro Hida. All rights reserved.

http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=202461

Original Contribution | March 1, 2006
Radiation Dose-Response Relationships for Thyroid Nodules and Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases in Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Survivors 55-58 Years After Radiation Exposure FREE
Misa Imaizumi, MD; Toshiro Usa, MD; Tan Tominaga, MD; Kazuo Neriishi, MD; Masazumi Akahoshi, MD; Eiji Nakashima, PhD; Kiyoto Ashizawa, MD; Ayumi Hida, MD; Midori Soda, MD; Saeko Fujiwara, MD; Michiko Yamada, MD; Eri Ejima, MD; Naokata Yokoyama, MD; Masamichi Okubo, MD; Keizo Sugino, MD; Gen Suzuki, MD; Renju Maeda, MD; Shigenobu Nagataki, MD; Katsumi Eguchi, MD
[+] Author Affiliations
JAMA. 2006;295(9):1011-1022. doi:10.1001/jama.295.9.1011. Text Size: A A A

Conclusions A significant linear radiation dose response for thyroid nodules, including malignant tumors and benign nodules, exists in atomic bomb survivors. However, there is no significant dose response for autoimmune thyroid diseases.
end quote.

However there is strong survivor based evidence that such autoimmune disease is a factor when people live in a fallout field.

One Response to “Dr Hida 2”

  1. CaptD Says:

    Great Post Salute!

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