Radiation-induced chromosome aberrations in nuclear-dockyard workers. Evans et. al. Nature, 277, 531 – 534 (15 February 1979)

Recap: The British government still refuses to allow the admission of proof of chromosomal damage suffered by nuclear veterans (as established by Massey University, NZ) as evidence in court in favor of nuclear veterans and their widows seeking justice for illnesses and deaths in British Courts. The evidence indicates negative impacts occur at dose levels the British government and ICRP consider “safe”. Further, although the British government tests civilian nuclear workers for chromosomal damage, it refuses to 1. release full information of those tests which have, in the past, and in general, in secret, been administered to individual nuclear veterans for its own purposes 2. Administer such tests openly to all nuclear veterans. 3. However, the British government is considering administering such tests to British cancer sufferers in the source for the cause of their cancers.

On the one hand, the nuclear veterans are told the chromosomal tests have no basis – that they do not establish a link between radiation exposure and the chromosomal damage suffered. However, the same authorities ignore their own findings to the contrary made historically. One example is the 1979 Nature paper Dave Whyte has forwarded below. The British government is denying justice to nuclear veterans by suppressing evidence based proof of harm it itself has undertaken, funded and accepted historically. The earliest such knowledge I know of was published in 1957 by Peter Alexander in his book “Atomic Radiation and Life”. Pelican Books, London. Specific chromosomal damage has been long accepted by science as being radiation caused. The first demonstration of this fact was published by Muller in the 1920s.

The photographs of radiation induced chromosomal damage published in 1957 by Peter Alexander:

Photos of Genetic abnormality published by Massey University, NZ circa 2006, supplied to Atomic ExServicemens’ Assoc. Australia by NZ nuclear Veterans:

Massey University website:

http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/about-massey/news/article.cfm?mnarticle=dna-damage-to-nuclear-test-vets-prompts-call-for-study-of-children-15-05-2007

From nuclear veteran Dave Whyte in Scotland, who writes:


Hello Paul,

Many thanks for your e-mails, My case in Edinburgh should be heard in under three months time.

There were 197 workers at the Rosyth Naval dockyard who were refueling and servicing nuclear submarines and it is interesting to note they were given medical examinations and blood cytogenetic blood tests (denied to Service personnel) over a ten year period from 1968 to 1978. It is interesting to note that they discovered radiation levels and the increase in chromosome damage run parallel with each other. The attachment above is the account of this research.

Below is the web site of ‘Whatdotheyknow’ where freedom of information questions can be made. There is a 91 page Defence Committee report of 1989-1990 which I think you will find rather interesting.

When you get the page below scroll up (or maybe down) till you come to the entry for the 8th August 2013. There are two attachments to this letter the main one is: 20130801 6.8m FOI Whyte Rosyth attachment U.PDF.

I think you will find the contents rather revealing.

https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/blood_samples#outgoing-292561

Hope this comes through OK.

All the best

Dave ”

The abstract for the Nature paper Dave attached to the email is as follows:

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v277/n5697/abs/277531a0.html

Nature 277, 531 – 534 (15 February 1979); doi:10.1038/277531a0

Radiation-induced chromosome aberrations in nuclear-dockyard workers

H. J. Evans, K. E. Buckton, G. E. Hamilton & A. Carothers

Medical Research Council, Clinical and Population Cytogenetics Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, UK

The incidence of chromosome aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 197 dockyard workers has been followed over a 10-yr period. These workers were exposed to mixed neutronγ radiation during the refuelling of nuclear reactors, but most exposures were below the internationally accepted maximum permissible level of 5 rem per yr. There was a significant increase in chromosome damage with increasing exposure, aberration frequency was a linear function of dose and was influenced by age and time of blood sampling after exposure.

——————

References
1. Kucerova, M., Anderson, A. J. B., Buckton, K. E. & Evans, H. J. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 21, 389–396 (1972).
2. Scott, D., Sharpe, H., Batchelor, A. L., Evans, H. J. & Papworth, D. G. Mutat. Res. 8, 367–381 (1969).
3. Carrano, A. V. Radiat. Res. 63, 403–421 (1975).
4. Lloyd, D. C., Purrott, R. J., Dolphin, G. W. & Edwards, A. A. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 29, 169–182 (1976).
5. Buckton, K. E. et al. Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 19, 369–378 (1971).
6. Dolphin, G. W., Lloyd, D. C. & Purrott, R. J. Hlth Phys. 25, 7–15 (1973).
7. Evans, H. J. & Lloyd, D. C. (eds) Mutagen-induced Chromosome Damage in Man (University Press, Edinburgh, 1978).
8. Buckton, K. E., Dolphin, G. W. & McLean, A. S. in Human Radiation Cytogenetics (eds Evans, H. J., Court Brown, W. M. & McLean, A. S.) 174–182 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1967).
9. Evans, H. J. & O’Riordan, M. L. Mutat. Res. 31, 135–148 (1975).
10. Galloway, S. M. & Buckton, K. E. Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 20, 78–95 (1978).
11. Fitzgerald, P. H. Humangenetik 28, 153–158 (1975).
12. Bochkov, N. P., Kozlov, V. M., Pilsov, R. A. & Sevenkaev, A. V. Genetika 4, 93–98 (1968).
13. Buckton, K. E., Hamilton, G. E., Paton, L. & Langlands, A. O. in Mutagen-induced Chromosome Damage in Man (eds Evans, H. J. & Lloyd, D. C.) 142–150 (University Press, Edinburgh, 1978).
14. Sasaki, M. S. & Tonomura, A. Jap. J. hum. Genet. 14, 81–92 (1969).
15. Evans, H. J. & Adams, A. in Advances in Radiation Biology Vol. 1 (eds Duplan, J. F. & Chapiro, A) 335–348 (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1973).
16. Najarian, T. & Colton, R. Lancet i, 1018–1020 (1978).
17. Torrey, L. New Scient. 77, 726–727 (1978).
18. Mancuso, T. F., Stewart, A. & Kneale, G. Hlth Phys. 33, 369–385 (1977).
19. Kneale, G., Stewart, A. & Mancuso, T. in IAEA Int. Symp. Late Biol. Effects of Ionising Radiations, Vienna, March 1978 (in the press).
20. Mole, R. H. Lancet i, 1155–1156 (1978).
21. Reissland, J. A. & Dolphin, G. W. Lancet i, 1156–1157 (1978).
22. Marks, S., Gilbert, E. S. & Breitenstein, B. D. in IAEA Int. Symp. Late Biol. Effects of Ionising Radiations, Vienna, March 1978 (in the press).
23. Reissland, J.A. National Radiological Protection Board Report No. R79 (H.M. Stationery Office, London, 1978).
24. Reissland, J. A., Kay, P. & Creasey, F. L. in National Radiological Protection Board Annual Research and Development Report 1977, 228 (H.M. Stationery Office, London, 1978).

© 1979 Nature Publishing Group

Full text via conversion to jpg from the pdf Dave sent:


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