Archive for January, 2014

The Voice of Russia Radio : “Japan gov’t fails Fukushima children”

January 31, 2014

http://voiceofrussia.com/2013_10_30/Japan-gov-t-fails-Fukushima-children-9546/


Photo: EPA

Damage inflicted by the Fukushima disaster could be far more severe than the Japanese authorities would like people to believe. In April 2011, the government raised radiation limits for exposure at schools near the Fukushima plant to 20 millisieverts. A senior nuclear adviser to the government at the time promptly resigned in protest, saying the level was 20 times too high, especially for children who, he said, are more vulnerable to radiation than adults.

Akira Sugenoya, mayor of the city of Matsumoto on the Japanese island of Honshu, has been calling for children’s relocation from the areas. Speaking in an interview with the Voice of Russia, Mr. Sugenoya stressed that the Japanese authorities are not doing enough to protect children from the negative effects of radiation.

“Immediately following the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, I started saying that children should not be allowed to live on the contaminated land. I would have liked to see the government address the issue, but it never happened. Living in an area contaminated by radiation weakens children’s immune systems and severely harms their health, so they should be relocated. Children are a lot more vulnerable to radiation than adults. As of now we have an exclusion zone established but that’s not enough in my opinion. That’s why I want to repeat once again that children should be relocated to clean, radiation-free areas at least temporarily.

The government though has a different plan, namely to decontaminate the affected area and bring the residents back but is it feasible to quickly and effectively do away with radioactive pollution? I am absolutely certain that it is unfeasible. Let’s recall the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, when the authorities acted differently and moved people from the affected areas to safe ones. On failing to get a government reaction, we have decided to act on a municipal level, to do the little things we can do to help. We’ve launched a programme on checking school meals for radiation. People across Japan are now following our example. We have also measured radiation levels in the air and in the soil of schoolyards. We invited children to children’s camps for rest and recreation during summer and winter seasons, and we borrowed this from what they did after the Chernobyl accident in the USSR. We have since spread the practice all over Japan. I hope that the example that our small city of Matsumoto sets in terms of conducting an evacuation on a large scale will also be followed far and wide. Radiation leaks create two problems, namely they are detrimental to people’s health and they pollute terrain. Compared to Chernobyl, the situation in Japan is further aggravated by radioactive water leakage. The world has never ever come across this kind of situation. Radioactive water flows into the sea but Prime Minister Abe says in an interview with Japanese newspapers that everything is under control. Opinion polls however show that between 70% and 80% of the Japanese are mistrustful of the Prime Minister’s claims. We should admit that radioactive water is a grave problem. The threat that children may have been contaminated with radioactive materials still looms large. We shouldn’t remain indifferent to the challenges we are facing.”

Japan’s now defunct Nuclear Industrial Safety Agency originally hid important radiation data from the general public, to avoid causing panic. Radioactive materials continue leaking into the groundwater from the plant even though Fukushima’s operator, the Tokyo Electric Power Company is conducting work to contain the damage.

end quote.

You can look at a group of people either as a merely a group, or as a collection of individuals.

You can look at the group stats and understand that even in a severe cancer cluster, the majority don’t get sick.

IF YOU CONCENTRATE ONLY ON THE GROUP, you can say “It’s ok, its not bad, its only an increase in disease of 3 – 10 times, and its a big population. If we didn’t look and record it and tell the people, they might not have noticed (fat chance but this is the rationale).

IF YOU LOOK AT THE INDIVIDUALS THOUGH, you realise that many got ill when they would not have gotten sick at all, and many got sick decades before they naturally would have. And you think, if Tepco had used rifle bullets instead of the random distribution of radionuclides, the kids of Fukushima would have a better chance of health and justice.

And the nuclear authorities, when translated into common rationality, so as much themselves. Look:

“GERALDINE THOMAS: Following Fukushima I doubt that there’ll be any rise in thyroid cancers in Japan.

MARK WILLACY: Professor Geraldine Thomas is a specialist in the molecular pathology of cancer at Imperial College London.

She also helped establish the Chernobyl Tissue Bank, which analyses samples from people exposed to radiation after the nuclear disaster in 1986.

She argues that there’s a simple reason for the higher than expected incidence of thyroid cancer among Fukushima’s children.

GERALDINE THOMAS: If you look for a problem, especially if you use an incredibly sensitive technique, which is what the Japanese are actually doing, you will find something.”

If they had not gone looking, she says, the thyroid disease rate would have stayed at the pre disasters level. She says.

And that is, she is saying that if you don’t measure you get accurate stats and if you do you dont. Which is total crap. Are we supposed to be grateful nuclear industry and its advocates measures and reports the consequences of its actions?

I don’t thinks so.

That there was a thyroid cancer emergency in Chernobyl affection of such proportions that doctors from around the world had to come in and perform thousands of surgeries, which, but for the measurements, would never have taken place and would never have been needed?

It is Orwellian double think to say, as nuclear industry does, that the increase in thyroid cancer rates in the former Soviet Republics and Japan are merely the result of the tender mercy of nuclear industry and its post disaster measurements of CONSEQUENCES.

Is the nuclear industry correct in saying, as its rationale implies, that the way to lower cancer rates is to have routine nuclear disaster and not measure the consequences?

Every country gathers cancer stats. Noone has ever shown that gathering cancer stats causes cancer.

But that’s what they imply.

As an additional example:

We have to ensure that radiation is respected and we have to understand what damage radiation can cause – but radiation is not the poison, the dose is,” Professor Sykes said.

“We need radiation in our environment, just as we need vitamins and minerals. Too much is a problem, too little is a problem,” she said.

“Chernobyl was obviously a disaster but there was no increase in leukaemia, solid tumours or birth defects among the 335,000 people who were evacuated and who received less than 100 milliSieverts of radiation – that’s five times the dose I’m allowed as a radiation worker.

“There was an increase in thyroid tumours but we’re not sure how much that related to the fact that everyone was screened for thyroid tumours, which wouldn’t normally happen.” Pam Sykes, US DOE, Flinders University South Australia, 2012.
http://blogs.flinders.edu.au/flinders-news/2011/07/14/radiation-response-a-meltdown-in-reason/#sthash.j0LdeaB9.dpuf

Pam you really think vitamin R actually moderated the following graph quanta and shape?


from Chernobyl Radiation-induced Thyroid Cancers in Belarus
Mikhail V. MALKO
Joint Institute of Power and Nuclear Research, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Krasin Str. 99, Minsk, Sosny, 220109, Republic
of Belarus: mvmalko@malkom.belpak.minsk.by QUOTE: ” absence of marked latency period is another feature of radiation-induced thyroid cancers caused in Belarus as a result of this accident. “

These experts in denial double think have one year left in Japan in which to sow confusion.

The Australian Cancer Council gathers cancer statistics routinely. It has never qualified its findings with the caveat “We have conducted this survey and we deeply regret that the Australian cancer statistics are now higher than they would have had we not conducted the survey.” they never have and never will. Because its a nonsense to say such a thing. But nuclear industry says this sort of thing all the time.

In fact just this last week I received a package from the Australian Government. A National Bowel Cancer Screening kit I am asked by the Government to action and return. On the basis of Sykes and on the basis of Thomas, speaking for nuclear industry (Imperial College is the home of British Reactor Design and Sykes is paid in part by US DOE) I should immediately throw the kit into the rubbish because 1. Only the Japanese have sufficient technology and skill to sensitivity determine cancer rates 2. For me to participate in the survey will artificially inflate the cancer statistics, which would, if no one participates, stay low. According to the logic of Sykes and Thomas. Well, I think I’ll return the kit this time round just to piss em off. If yo dont look for cancer, the cancer rates stay look, so the cause, according to them, of the Chernobyl related cancers, isnt the reactor accident its the cancer surveys. Brilliant. Not.

If experts such as Thomas and Sykes, came out an said prior to Chernobyl, Belarus and Ukraine were captive states of the Soviet Union, and thus their cancer stats under reported disease. The surveys were poor, the data barely in existence. Ok, I’d consider it. I’d write to those nations and ask about it. IF THAT IS THE CASE, if that is why the post Chernobyl stats produce distortion, WHAT IS JAPAN’S EXCUSE TODAY???

It is a commonality that among many previously captive nations, and Japan was occupied until 1952, that they emerge with non existent national cancer registries. Iran is only now reinstating its national registry, Brazil still does not have one and refuses to supply data to WHO, and JAPAN DID NOT START GATHERING A NATIONAL CANCER REGISTRY DATASET UNTIL THE 21 st century. What is it’s excuse? That the ABCC spoke for the whole of Japan? No. Researchers today still have to drive or fly to individual hospitals throughout Japan to find the data and to collate it into a national dataset. That dataset only came online and available to the public in 2013. As far as I can tell, for I’ve looked for it since 2011, and it suddenly popped up in 2013.

What Yamashita and Suzuki and Fukumshima Medical University are actually contesting, actually trying to create in the public mind by their statements of denial relating to the early onset, short latent period cases is this: That the first half of the Bell Curve graph of thyroid cancer cases did not exist in Ukraine and Belarus and does not exist today in Japan. And of course, that stance is a false stance. Noone can rationally amputate the first half of the Bell Curve by decree. It is merely propaganda.

In Japan, one takes it that they are comparing Fukushima populations with cancer stats pre 3/11 from Fukushima. And in that there may be an additional problem for them. The national stats show that at the start of records in that dataset (about 1974) the first years showed a constant incline, a year on year increase in new cases of all cases. Throughout Japan. It levelled, but from 1988 to 1992, for females, it showed a marked second increase. One has to ask why the increase throughout the second half of the seventies, and why the marked increased from 1988 to 92 (girls) throughout the 80s (boys). What do the stats show for the period of normal operation of Fukushima Diiachi and Danni prior to 3/11? Anything interesting? Anything to accord for Dr Yamashita’s apparent need to search for a claimed marker for radiation induced thyroid cancer ? He claims he has found one, but he has not. The two types of thyroid cancer he looks at both occurred in the wake of Chernobyl. But showed marked increases.

Public Administration, as conducted by government everywhere, involves the perception of people as groups. Just because there are government files somewhere with me name and your name on them, does not mean we are seen or treated as individual in the responses of authority toward the group. `In this respect, I, and you, and everyone else, are expected to be the same as everyone else.

That is their concept of justice and equity.

Because there was a low natural rate of disease prior to Fukushima, and because the majority will not get ill within the time frame of the childhood thyroid survey, (there is carried into adulthood, and as the children age, they exist the survey, with a cohort of most vulnerable being late teen girls) the survey can be structured to exclude the most at risk. Particularly if the parameters of the survey allow for the exclusion of the early onset cases.

These have been in fact excluded by the Yamashita declaration, carried on by Fukushima Medical University, that the minimum latent period for childhood thyroid cancer is four or five years.

This declaration is shown to be false by a reading of the relevant medical literature, which gives, variously, a minimum latent period for the disease, of between zero years (Belaus) to two years (911 Commission, USA).

EVEN Yamashita himself wrote in a peer reviewed paper in 1998 that he and his coauthors found a “surprisingly short” latent period in Chernobyl affected children. And further, he noted that the development of the early onset disease was “rapid”.

The world literature reveals an irrational deviance from the reality by Yamashita and FMU.

When they are thoroughly discredited in 2015 and 2016, when the median latent period timespan has been reached, who are they going to hand over to ? Who would take their job and not care about their reputations? Donald and Daffy Duck?

The existence of four – five year MEDIAN latent period, such as exists and such has been confirmed by numerous sources, DOES NOT SNUFF OUT THE REALITY OF THE EARLY ONSET CASES.

The medium latent period is the NOT shortest latent period, and even though the shortest latent period is NOT the median latent period, authorities have recognize that INDIVIDUALS within the cohort WILL AND HAVE suffered early onset disease due to radiation in Fukushima.

Anything else, on the face of the literature, is an irrational suppression of the shortest latent period on the phoney excuse that the shortest is not the median.

And of course, they aren’t. They are two different periods of disease latency. They ARE NOT mutually exclusive. They both exist.

To deny this is to deny the early onset victims.

The frightening thing about the statistics is the NUMBER OF EARLY ONSET VICTIMS IN JAPAN TODAY.

That’s the insight `Yamashita and his trainees at FMU dont want me or you or anyone else to think about.

They have failed.

Once, Yamashita was a respected doctor. He isn’t anymore.

“Happy people don’t get sick” Yamashita, 2011.

Is this why you are so intent on depressing as many people as you can Doc? No one with half a brain believes you and those who do are as crazy as cut snakes.

Sure Doc, the flood wont really start until 2015 – 16. But you know yourself, for you have written so, that the early cases come on “surprisingly fast”. Months not years Doc, and you know it very well. That these are a minority of cases DOES NOT EXCLUDE THE INDIVIDUALS FROM CONSIDERATION.

The knowledge does two things: 1. It mandates the inclusion of the minority. 2. It is a cause for great sadness because the minority of early cases are the harbingers of the flood median period majority of cases.

The Bell Curve graph for Fukushima will happen. The quanta will be different to Chernobyl. Its shape will not be.

I believe that the cancer stats have been carefully studied by `Japanese authorities since the inception of nuclear power in Japan. So far they have not revealed their findings to the public. While independent medical researchers, until the 21st century, had to visit each region and each hospital (with some exceptions such as Osaka), the liaison between central government and individual hospitals merely an organizational matter, one that can be expected to be routine.

It is also true that the Japanese nuclear authorities have been measuring the routine emissions of nuclear industry into air and water since the 1970s. The papers have been published.

They would have us believe that nuclear industry is unique in that it causes no public health hazard. What a joke that is. The industry admits to nothing until it looses in court and even then it merely responds by saying the court got it wrong.

Japan: Chernobyl Doctor Akira Sugenoya Offers Fukushima Children His Town

January 31, 2014

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/japan-fukushima-power-plant-matsumoto-mayor-chernobyl-515841

International Business Times,

By Hannah Osborne | October 22, 2013 10:28 AM GMT


Girls in Fukushima have a moderately increased risk of thyroid cancer following the nuclear disaster (Reuters)

A doctor in Japan who performed surgery on over 100 children after the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 has offered to take in children living in Fukushima to ensure their safety.

Akira Sugenoya, who is now the mayor of Matsumoto, 200 miles from Fukushima, has offered his town to children living at the nuclear site.

He said he would rather the children be safe than potentially at risk of radioactive materials following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi disaster and subsequent leaks from the nuclear plant.

“If my fears turn out to be unfounded, nothing would be better news. But if they become reality, then there is little time before it’s too late,” he said.

Children are more at risk of radiation because their bodies are developing. Sugenoya said that in areas of Belarus close to Chernobyl, children are sent away from radiation zones periodically.

From April next year, parents living in Fukushima can send their children to Matsumoto to go to school. The city has offered to pay 1.4m yen (£8,800) per year for a six-bedroom house and caretakers for the children.

Parents are not required to pay tuition but will be asked to pay for expenses, such as food and utilities.

The Fukushima disaster was the largest nuclear disaster since Chernobyl. The health effects for those living in the area are currently unknown, but the World Health Organisation has estimated the risks to be low.

A report found a moderately increased risk of thyroid cancer in girls and a slightly increased risk of other cancers for small children. At present, the government in Japan has confirmed 44 cases of thyroid cancer among 217,000 children in Fukushima state since the disaster.

At Chernobyl, the International Atomic Energy Agency confirmed low dose radiation from Chernobyl caused thyroid cancer.

In 1991, Sugenoya volunteered to work in Belarus after hearing of thousands of cases of thyroid cancer close to the Ukraine power plant. He also set up a donation fund for victims of the disaster and trains doctors from Belarus in Japan.

Matsumoto currently has a declining population meaning it can cope with additional children and schools. Sugenoya’s project will be available to children from Fukushima between the ages of seven and 12.

Sugenoya said he wanted to offer concerned parents peace of mind: “Radiation doesn’t hurt. It doesn’t even itch. A terrible thing has happened, but people don’t realise it at all.”

end quote.

I wonder when nuclear authorities such as the `UN will wake up to the fact that the more they crap on on behalf of nuclear industry, the more they sound like the Australian Atomic Weapons Test Safety Committee of the 1950s. Which was found by a Royal Commission to be beholden, in secret, to foreign powers.

In some countries, they would have all been shot for treason.

Citizen of the Year, 1996, Japan.

January 31, 2014

http://citizen.co.jp/global/coy/archive/2001_03.html

Akira Sugenoya

Worked as a thyroid surgeon treating victims of radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear accident
Akira Sugenoya

Born: 1943; from: Nagano Prefecture, Japan
Award summary

He relinquished his job as an assistant professor of Shinshu University School of Medicine in 1996 to take up a new post in Belarus, leaving his family in Japan. As a thyroid surgeon, he became involved in the treatment of victims of the Chernobyl disaster who were suffering as a result of having being exposed to radiation for over five years. He continued this work until he returned to Japan in 2001. He had to conduct his work while contending with many obstacles and difficulties presented by the language barrier, but he nevertheless held a daily clinic and performed as many as 750 operations while at the same time introducing new medical technologies to local young doctors. He will continue his support of the victims of the accident and promote an educational campaign through the Japan Chernobyl Medical Fund for which he is a representative.
Reasons for this award

Since the nuclear plant accident in 1986, he often visited the area to engage in medical volunteer activities. He decided to move there even though he was over 50, unable to ignore people who were suffering in a country with limited medical resources. During his tenure, he overcame various difficulties including his own suffering from gastric ulcer, and pursued his vocation as a doctor. We would like to present this award to him, expressing our admiration for his tireless and selfless efforts.


Comments from the winner

I feel extremely honored to receive this award. I greatly appreciate your having interest in the Chernobyl disaster and the recognition you have given me for my activities in treating those who were affected. It’s been 15 years since the accident occurred in 1986, and memories about it seem to be fading. However, more than 20 groups still continue their activities to support the victims of the accident. This award, I suppose, will be a great encouragement to my colleagues in their activities. I now work at the Nagano prefectural office, but intend to continue my involvement in Chernobyl issues. Thank you very much.

……………………………………………………………….

“Akira Sugenoya is the mayor of Matsumoto City in Nagano but he’s also a respected thyroid surgeon who spent five years treating children in Ukraine and Belarus who developed thyroid cancer after the Chernobyl disaster.

(Sound of Akira Sugenoya speaking in Japanese).

“When I look at Fukushima now the number of thyroid cancer cases in kids is quite high,” says Dr Sugenoya. “The doctors in Fukushima say that it shouldn’t be emerging this fast, so they say it’s not related to the accident. But that’s very unscientific, and it’s not a reason that we can accept,” he says.”

ABC Australia, Mark Willacy, `Japan, Nov 5 2013.

High thyroid cancer rates detected in Fukushima children

January 31, 2014

http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2013/s3884029.htm

Mark Willacy reported this story on Tuesday, November 5, 2013 08:06:00 ABC Australia.

TONY EASTLEY: One of the terrible legacies of the radioactive fallout from the Russian disaster at Chernobyl is now being visited upon people in Japan.

Researchers in Fukushima are uncovering higher than expected rates of thyroid cancer in children.

One prominent former thyroid surgeon – a veteran of the Chernobyl disaster – has told the ABC’s Foreign Correspondent program that the number of cancer cases in Fukushima are emerging faster than expected.

But another cancer specialist says that the high rate is simply a product of widespread, sensitive screening and no-one should be alarmed.

The ABC’s North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy reports from Fukushima.

(Sound of child crying)

MARK WILLACY: Two-year-old Yuta Koike is having none of it. Every time the nurse tries to run the probe over his neck he cries, kicks, and tries to slide off the bed.

His mother, Tomoko Koike, has brought Yuta and his four-year-old sister Saki in for a thyroid gland screening because she fears the fallout from the nearby Fukushima nuclear plant.

(Sound of Tomoko Koike speaking in Japanese).

“I am worried,” she tells me, “but I believe they’re okay. I am hoping they’re okay,” she adds.

Before the nuclear meltdowns, health authorities estimated thyroid cancer rates among Fukushima’s children at between one and two cases in every million.

Since the disaster the Fukushima local government has carried out a large-scale screening program and with about 200,000 children tested, there have been 18 confirmed cases of thyroid cancer and 25 more suspected cases – an unexpectedly high rate.

Akira Sugenoya is the mayor of Matsumoto City in Nagano but he’s also a respected thyroid surgeon who spent five years treating children in Ukraine and Belarus who developed thyroid cancer after the Chernobyl disaster.

(Sound of Akira Sugenoya speaking in Japanese).

“When I look at Fukushima now the number of thyroid cancer cases in kids is quite high,” says Dr Sugenoya. “The doctors in Fukushima say that it shouldn’t be emerging this fast, so they say it’s not related to the accident. But that’s very unscientific, and it’s not a reason that we can accept,” he says.

But other experts believe there’s nothing to fear.

GERALDINE THOMAS: Following Fukushima I doubt that there’ll be any rise in thyroid cancers in Japan.

MARK WILLACY: Professor Geraldine Thomas is a specialist in the molecular pathology of cancer at Imperial College London.

She also helped establish the Chernobyl Tissue Bank, which analyses samples from people exposed to radiation after the nuclear disaster in 1986.

She argues that there’s a simple reason for the higher than expected incidence of thyroid cancer among Fukushima’s children.

GERALDINE THOMAS: If you look for a problem, especially if you use an incredibly sensitive technique, which is what the Japanese are actually doing, you will find something.

MARK WILLACY: Everyone agrees that what’s most important is detecting thyroid cancers early because if found in the early stages it’s almost always successfully treated.

But as Foreign Correspondent discovered, Fukushima’s health authorities are acting almost in secret, even refusing our request for a simple age breakdown of the thyroid cancer victims, citing privacy reasons.

This refusal to share basic data has aroused the suspicions of thyroid specialist Akira Sugenoya.

(Sound of Akira Sugenoya speaking in Japanese)

“I’m still very angry,” says Dr Sugenoya. “I think they have this data, so it’s very strange why they won’t release it,” he says.

And it’s not just the thyroid data that has been kept secret, so too were the initial meetings of the Fukushima panel charged with screening the region’s children.

For parents like Tomoko Koike, who are worried about the effect of the fallout on their young children, it smells like a cover up.

(Sound of Tomoko Koike speaking in Japanese)

“I do not think they’re telling us everything,” she says. “I cannot trust what they say. So it makes me worry about my kids’ future. It depresses me,” she says.

Adding to that worry for Tomoko Koike has been the discovery of cysts on the thyroid gland of her four-year-old daughter Saki.

While not regarded as malignant, the cysts will have to be monitored in the months and possibly years to come.

This is Mark Willacy in Fukushima for AM.

Thoughts on the Pending 3 Year Review of Children’s Health in Fukushima

January 31, 2014

in progress, incomplete.

Maralinga is an old nuclear weapons test site in Australia. In the 1990s, a flawed clean up took place in which the safety criteria included the following factors:

5 mSv annual dose limit, 10 mSv intervention limit (ICRP 1999) Particle count limit per hectare:

“The dividing line between acceptability and unacceptability of risk [TAG, 1990] was determined to be an annual committed dose of 5 mSv, assuming full time occupancy by Aborigines living an outstation lifestyle. This corresponds to an annual risk of fatal cancer following the inhalation or ingestion of contaminated soil of not more than 1 in 10,000 by the fiftieth year of life [TAG, 1990]. The value of 5 mSv is broadly consistent with the intervention level of 10 mSv that has recently been proposed by the International Commission on Radiological Protection [¤6.1 in ICRP, 1999]…Both of these international bodies are proposing that, in future, a generic reference level of around 10 mSv be set, under which intervention is generally not justified.”

“There were thus two main requirements for defining the criteria for soil removal. The first was the concentration of plutonium in the surface soil, which would be available for resuspension and inhalation. This criterion was stated as the maximum quantity of 241Am per unit surface area, taking account of the Pu/Am activity ratios and the enhancement factors. The second was a limit on the number and activity of contaminated particles and fragments near the surface. These had the potential to be accidentally eaten or to cause or contaminate a break in the skin of a potential inhabitant.”

“Soil-Removal Criteria: At Taranaki, contaminated soil (or the offending contamination itself) was to be removed where the levels of dispersed 241Am exceeded 40 kBq/m2 averaged over 1 hectare (10,000 m2) or where contaminated particles exceeding 100 kBq were found, or where the density of particles exceeding 20 kBq was greater than 1 in 10 m2.
2 Clearance Criteria: Where soil was removed, the residual levels of dispersed contamination in the cleared area was not to exceed 3 kBq/m2 241Am averaged.”

“MARTAC did not specify any averaging criterion for particles of 20 kBq or below, but 0.1 per square metre or 1 per 10 square metres was not very practical. ARPANSA interpreted this criterion as requiring that there be fewer than 1000 particles exceeding 20 kBq 241Am per hectare.”

Source: ARPANSA, http://www.arpansa.gov.au/pubs/basics/maralinga.pdf

In short, after being expelled from their lands by the Australian government in the 1950s to enable to atomic weapons tests at Maralinga, the traditional owners of the land were able to finally return to their land in the 21 century. The cleanup limits were seen as not perfect, but the best to be achieved. The conduct of the cleanup and its results remain controversial.

The limits and consequent risks caused by those limits are, in short:

annual risk of fatal cancer following the inhalation or ingestion of contaminated soil of not more than 1 in 10,000 by the fiftieth year of life

5 mSv annual dose limit

fewer than 1000 particles exceeding 20 kBq 241Am per hectare

The New York Times of June 19, 2012 explains the exposure limits imposed upon the Japanese people as being 20 milliSieverts per year.

The risk of harm imposed by this limit is not given by the Japanese government.

There is no mention of any limit on radioactive particle counts per area of land.

The NYT explains that due to serious omissions in public administration and safety, evacuees were led into paths of airborne fallout, rather than away from the fallout.

“Namie and Iitate were not fully evacuated until months after the disaster.”

“The World Health Organization, which estimated doses received by the public in the first year after the accident, has said that residents of Namie and Iitate received up to 50 millisieverts’ worth of radiation exposure each, more than double a government-set emergency limit for civilians of 20 millisieverts.”

Quotes from Japanese Officials Failed to Use U.S. Data Tracking Radiation After Tsunami
By HIROKO TABUCHI
Published: June 19, 2012 , New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/world/asia/japan-did-not-use-us-radiation-data.html?_r=0

The dispossessions suffered by the Maralinga Tjarutja and other Australian Aboriginal people, caused by nuclear undertakings, were and are immense. The process of return of the land is briefly described here: http://www.papertracker.com.au/archived/maralinga-tjarutja-lands-handback-of-section-400/ One person of importance in the winning of government (both British and Australian) acknowledgement of danger present in the lands, acceptance of the demands for cleanup and for the return of the lands to the traditional owners was Doctor Archie Barton. That story is covered briefly here: http://www.abc.net.au/sa/stories/s656146.htm

I think the story of the Maralinga Dispossession is important today for us to think about in the context of the hot zones of Japan, and of the people of Japan who have been dispossessed of their land, and of those people who forced by economics and government decree, to remain within areas which are, at best, four times higher in annual dosage than is suffered now in the Maralinga hot zone, and which is devoid of any hot particle count limit.

The exposure limit set by the `Japanese government may well be hard to prove as an agent of harm in individual cases, as is implied by various UN statements. And the legal ambiguity will take decades to resolve. `Like the Aboriginal people of `Maralinga, the Japanese people have been dispossessed of their normal expectations, have had increased risk thrust upon them (a risk at least 4 times greater than is currently suffered in the Maralinga Lands, and the return was negotiated and agreed).

At four times the dose, the Japanese government persists in claiming that there is no risk to anyone at 20 mSv pa. They mean, as the makers of the law, they deem it so. And they pretend to know in advance that noone will experience any factor which would increase dose or increase dose effectiveness. They know very well that Japanese courts would treat anyone who brought a case against the state for radiation related disease in the same way as the government treated the survivors of the `Hiroshima Black Rain districts in 2013. With dismissal. Despite courts ruling at that time that the 1945 limits to the Black Rain affected districts was plainly wrong and inadequate, and should be expanded, the Japanese government vetoed this finding of many courts, including the highest court.

According to `Japan, no one has suffered any ill health due to radiation or radioactive material released by Fukushima Diiachi as a result of the `March 2011 disaster. No one outside the industry.

Nuclear Refugee Camp, Iwaki (Channel 4, http://www.channel4.com/news/fukushima-and-iwaki-reconstruction-eyewitness-report) There are photographs of the Yalata camp in the 1950s, where the Aboriginal people from Maralinga were trucked and trained and forced to go and stay. But that stage is over now, at long last, and Yalata has been a place of freedom and choice for some time now.

I hope the confinement of the Japanese camps will end sooner than it did for the Maralinga people, though I do not believe it will.

Noone has been harmed by radiation in Japan says the government. Same as Menzies said in the 60s. Same as Frazer said in the 70s. It changed in 84. Took to 2009 and later, for the last bit, for the clean up. The Aboriginal people were denied consideration and inclusion in three health studies. In the last one, the Minister told me they were excluded because the government did not know who they were. Read some books, you idiot.

In Japan, everyone is assumed to have max 20 mSv, and to respond in the same way to it. No matter what the actual facts are. If you get sick it must be your own frailty, not the radiological effects specific to you.

No one has the same disease or outcome. Not in the real world.

The spike in childhood thyroid disease in Fukushima has been hotly debated. There is an increase. Fukushima Medical University says none of the cases, none of the increase in numbers of cases, way above normal rates of the rare disease, are due to Fukushima Diiachi emissions. None.

Despite the escalating numbers of cases, the children of the Fukushima hot zones are forced to live there by economics and government decree.

And they are studied by the Fukushima Medical University. I have heard it said that once you are on the survey, you cannot get a second opinion. Is that true? Reminds me of Lallie Lennon. She and her family were smothered by bomb fallout. Her skin burnt and parts of it turned white. Lallie gave me photos. For 30 years doctors refused to give her a diagnosis. When they did, they forgot about the bombs. They were too young to remember. At the Royal Commission they ignored all the Aboriginal people who had white splashes and necrosis. Beta burns. Same as the Fukushima cattle. IMO. The Royal Commission put it down to measles in the individual interviews. Yea, Lallie had had measles as a kid but it didn’t turn her skin white. Only the bomb dust did that.

I don’t know really what to say to parents of the Fukushima children. It’s too tragic to speak of really, any childhood sickness is. It does happen on its own. But now, with so many? And all of them, the University says, can’t be because of the reactors. Not four or five years yet. Its only going to be three years come March.

Where do they get the four or five year limit from?

You know what’s coming: evidence of the real minimum latent period for thyroid cancer.

The battle of academic papers. How boring that must be if a child is sick. But to know is sometimes worthwhile. Sometimes its better to play stupid too, I agree. But see what happens when the papers are laid on the table and considered. Four, five years minimum? baloney. More like, less than year at minimum. less than 2 years, less than 3 years. Not the most common latent periods, no, but proven latent periods anyway. Should medical science exclude the less common evidence – why? it is still evidence. And it is proven that the latent period can be very short. Even Dr Yamashita said that, in 1998. Before Fuksuhima Diiachi, for some weird reason, caused him to state the opposite to what he had previously published and submitted to his peers around the world.

And many others independently wrote and confirmed the same findings. As follows

1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17452969

Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2007 May;3(5):422-9.
Mechanisms of Disease: molecular genetics of childhood thyroid cancers.
Yamashita S, Saenko V.
Source

Department of Molecular Medicine, Atomic Bomb Disease Institute, Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Japan. shun@nagasaki-u.ac.jp
Abstract

“Childhood thyroid cancers are uncommon and have a fairly good prognosis. Papillary adenocarcinoma is the most prevalent malignant tumor of the thyroid in children and adults with radiation-induced or sporadic cancer. The incidence of thyroid cancer in children increased dramatically in the territories affected by the Chernobyl nuclear accident; this increase is probably attributable to (131)I and other short-lived isotopes of iodine released into the environment. There was a broad range of latency periods in children who developed thyroid cancer; some periods were less than 5 years.”

2. http://www.rri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NSRG/reports/kr79/kr79pdf/Malko2.pdf

Chernobyl Radiation-induced Thyroid Cancers in Belarus
Mikhail V. MALKO
Joint Institute of Power and Nuclear Research, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
Krasin Str. 99, Minsk, Sosny, 220109, Republic
of Belarus: mvmalko@malkom.belpak.minsk.by QUOTE: ” absence of marked latency period is another feature of radiation-induced thyroid cancers caused in Belarus as a result of this accident. “

From the data in the paper.

3. Childhood thyroid cancer: comparison of Japan and Belarus.
Shirahige Y, Ito M, Ashizawa K, Motomura T, Yokoyama N, Namba H, Fukata S, Yokozawa T, Ishikawa N, Mimura T, Yamashita S, Sekine I, Kuma K, Ito K, Nagataki S.
First Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.
Endocr J. 1998 Apr;45(2):203-9.

https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/endocrj1993/45/2/45_2_203/_pdf Free Full Text.

This source states: “The high incidence of childhood thyroid cancer in Belarus is suspected to be due to radiation exposure after the Chernobyl reactor accident” (Abstract) (pdf page 2, journal page 204).

All of the preceding thyroid carcinomas developed after longer latency periods,
whereas tumors arising in the Chernobyl population began developing with surprising rapidity and short latency.
” (pdf page 2, journal page 204).

The authors cite the Chernobyl-Sasakawa Health and Medical Cooperation Project as a source in the Abstract. The public data published by this organization is Chernobyl A Decade – Proceedings of the Fifth Chernobyl Sasakawa Medical Cooperation Symposium, Kiev, Ukraine, 14-15 October 1996 (International Congress S.) Shunichi Yamashita (Edited by), Yoshisada Shibata (Edited by)
The publication is available at : http://www.smhf.or.jp/data01/chernobyl_decade.pdf

4. “Minimum Latency & Types or Categories of Cancer” John Howard, M.D., Administrator World Trade Center Health Program, 9.11 Monitoring and Treatment, Revision: May 1, 2013,
http://www.cdc.gov/wtc/pdfs/wtchpminlatcancer2013-05-01.pdf states that the latent period for Thyroid cancer is :
2.5 years, based on low estimates used for lifetime risk modeling of low-level ionizing radiation studies”, pdf page 1.

5. Latency Period of Thyroid Neoplasia After Radiation Exposure
Shoichi Kikuchi, MD, PhD, Nancy D. Perrier, MD, Philip Ituarte, PhD, MPH, Allan E. Siperstein, MD, Quan-Yang Duh, MD, and Orlo H. Clark, MD

From the From Department of Surgery, UCSF Affiliated Hospitals, San Francisco, California.

“Latency Period of Benign and Malignant Thyroid Tumors

Although some sporadic tumors unrelated to radiation may be included among our patients, the shortest latency period for both benign and malignant tumors was 1 year as occurred in 3 patients, whereas the longest time was 69 and 58 years, respectively (Fig. 1).” As published in Journal List nAnn Surg v.239(4); Apr 2004 PMC1356259, available full text at
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1356259/

6. Thyroid cancers after the Chernobyl accident;
Chernobyl accident; lessons learnt, an update. 2010.
Sir Dillwyn Williams
Cambridge
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/nuclear/radiation_protection/doc/scientific_seminar/2010/sir_d_williams_thyroid_cancers_after_chernobyl_accident.pdf

“Tumours are becoming less aggressive” Williams, as above, 2010. (ie late onset)

ie the earlier the onset, the tendency implied is more aggression, the later the onset, the less aggression in the cancer. Williams also finds, contrary to Yamashita, that the types of thyroid cancer do not vary markedly in radiation induced cases in Chernobyl. (See Yamashita 2007)

ALL of the above papers, and many more contradict Yamashita and Fukushima Medical University in their statements regarding four to five year minimum latency periods for thyroid cancer`:

Researchers at Fukushima Medical University, which has been taking the leading role in the study, have said they do not believe the most recent cases are related to the nuclear crisis.”

They point out that thyroid cancer cases were not found among children hit by the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident until four to five years later.” end quote.
Japan Times. Kyodo. 06/05/2013 http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/06/05/national/fukushima-survey-lists-12-confirmed-15-suspected-thyroid-cancer-cases/#.UbCB7Ovrk7A

Further : “…experts at Fukushima Medical University said that it is too early to link the cancer cases to the nuclear disaster. They said the 1986 Chernobyl accident showed that it takes at least four to five years before thyroid cancer is detected.” Source: Thyroid cancer hits Fukushima 5 Jun 2013, 12:57 pm – Source: AAP, SBS TV Australia, http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/1774837/Thyroid-cancer-hits-Fukushima

These two reported statements are plainly refuted by the actual papers dealing with the descriptions of thyroid cancer post Chernobyl. Yamashita and FMU plainly contradict the Yamashita et al papers which describe the latent period as being “surprisingly short”.

There have been spikes in childhood cancers in the past. Fukushima Medical University would have it that the spike in cases today are a coincidence and have nothing to do with radio-iodine exposure.

Is the spike in cases today among the children of Fukushima just another mysterious spike with no known cause? What do the past spikes tell us about cause?

PAST SPIKES IN CHILDHOOD CANCER ILLNESS IN JAPAN’S PAST

1. Incidence and survival trends for childhood cancer in Osaka, Japan, 1973–2001 Sachiko Baba,
1,2 Akiko Ioka, 3 Hideaki Tsukuma, 3 Hiroyuki Noda,1,4 Wakiko Ajiki 5
and Hiroyasu Iso1,6
1 Public Health, Department of Social and Environmental Medicine, and
2 Center for International Relations, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University,
Osaka;
3 Department of Cancer Control and Statistics, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular Diseases, Osaka, Japan;
4 Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Boston, Massachusetts, USA;
5 Cancer Information Services and Surveillance Division, Center for Cancer Control and
Information Services, National Cancer Center, Tokyo, Japan
(Received June 26, 2009 Revised October 31, 2009 Accepted November 6, 2009 Online publication February 2, 2010)

Cancer Science Volume 101, Issue 3, pages 787–792, March 2010 © 2010 Japanese Cancer Association
Full text download available as link on page at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1349-7006.2009.01443.x/abstract

Quote “In Japan there is no nationwide cancer registry, although a large population is needed to monitor childhood trends of cancer. The Osaka Cancer Registry is one of the few registries in the world that has a long history and covers a large-enough population to monitor trends of childhood cancer. Ajiki et al. described incidence trends for childhood cancer based on 12 major cancer classifications from 1971 to 1988 by using data from the Osaka Cancer Registry.” end quote.

Quote from the Abstract of the paper with emphais added: “The age-standardized annual incidence rate of all tumors was highest in 1988–1992: 155.1 per million for males and 135.9 for females. Five-year survival for all tumors improved from 50.1% in 1978–1982 to 73.0% in 1993–1997 for males and from 52.3% to 76.3% for females. Thus, the constant decline in mortality in childhood cancer was primarily due to improved survival between the 1970s and 1980s and reduced incidence after the 1990s.”

“The data presented here from the large-scale and long-term cancer : in Osaka showed a unique trend in the incidence of total childhood cancer: an increase until 1988 with an APC of 1.5% for males and until 1992 with an APC of 1.7% for females,
and then successive decrease with declining APCs of 2.0% for males and 1.9% for females. These trends did not change whenneuroblastomas were excluded from this analysis…..” end quote.

Quote: “The reason why the total childhood incidence in Osaka increased but has declined since 1998 for males and 1992 for females is unknown. That decline is unlikely due to a systematic
drift for collecting data….” end quote.

2. Childhood cancer in Japan: focusing on trend in mortality from 1970 to 2006

L. Yang1,
J. Fujimoto2,
D. Qiu1 and
N. Sakamoto1,*

+ Author Affiliations

1Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Research Institute for Health and Development
2National Research Institute for Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan

*Correspondence to: Dr N. Sakamoto, The Division of Epidemiology, Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1 Ookura, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 157-8535, Japan. Tel: +81-03-3416-0181(4360); Fax: +81-03-5494-7490

source link/ full text download link: http://annonc.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/1/166.full

Quote: ” A population-based study in Osaka prefecture in Japan indicated that death due to childhood cancer declined from 1972 to 1995, while the incidence increased in the same period [1]. In the United States, an estimated 10 400 new cases and 1545 deaths are expected to occur among children aged 0–14 years in 2007 [2]. During recent three decades, the incidence of childhood cancer increased ∼0.6% annually. In contrast, mortality from childhood cancer declined by 1.3% per year during 1990–2004 [3]. A population-based study among European children since the 1970s showed that the overall incidence of childhood cancer has increased by 1.0% per year, while mortality has declined by 3.6% per year in the past three decades” end quote.

Quote “There is no national childhood cancer registry system in Japan, and recent childhood cancer mortality has not been well characterized in terms of temporal and geographic trends. This paper describes the occurrence of death from childhood cancer at the population level over a 37-year period in Japan using official death certification data, which record 100% of deaths in Japan. The aim of this study was to ascertain the general mortality trend for each sex and to study the moment at which a shift in the trend occurred.”

From Baba et al: The data presented here from the large-scale and long-term cancer : in Osaka showed a unique trend in the incidence of total childhood cancer: an increase until 1988 with an APC of 1.5% for males and until 1992 with an APC of 1.7% for females,
and then successive decrease with declining APCs of 2.0% for males and 1.9% for females. These trends did not change when neuroblastomas were excluded from this analysis…..” end quote.

This can be judged to be a spike of unknown origins.
Is there a dataset which may produce a visualization of it? Yes there is. Is there any justification for any authority referring to this 80s – 90s spike and using it to allege that the spike in childhood thyroid disease is just another mysterious spike ?(as I think they probably will consider doing) No there is not.

The source of the data from which the following chart is derived is:
Center for Cancer Control and Information Services,
National Cancer Center, Japan

Matsuda A, Matsuda T, Shibata A, Katanoda K, Sobue T, Nishimoto H and The Japan Cancer Surveillance Research Group. Cancer Incidence and Incidence Rates in Japan in 2007: A Study of 21 Population-based Cancer Registries for the Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan (MCIJ) Project. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, 43: 328-336, 2013 Download Source Data as Excel spreadsheets at http://ganjoho.jp/pro/statistics/en/table_download.html

Did any events prior to 1988 present as contributing causes to the plainly visible spike visualized by the graphs provided from the Japanese data? Yes. For instance:

http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02035773.pdf
Deposition of gamma-emitting nuclides in Japan after the reactor-IV accident at Chernobyl‘

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume 116, Issue 2 , pp 291-306
Cover Date 1987-12-01
Authors

M. Aoyama (1)
K. Hirose (1)
Y. Sugimura (1)

Author Affiliations

1. Geochemical Laboratory, Meteorological Research Institute, Nagamine 1-1, Yatabe, 305, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, (Japan)

Abstract

The wet and dry deposition of gamma-emitting nuclides are presented for Tsukuba and eleven stations in Japan following the nuclear reactor accident at Chernobyl’. In Japan fallout from the reactor at Chernobyl’ was first detected on May 3, 1986, a week after the accident. Abruptly high radioactive deposition, which mainly consists of131I,132I,103Ru,137Cs and134Cs, was observed in early May. The cumulative amount of131I,103Ru and137Cs in May at Tsukuba were 5854±838 Bq·m−2, 364±54 Bq·m−2 and 130±26 Bq·m−2 (decay was corrected to April 26), respectively. The monthly137Cs deposition in May corresponds to 2.5% of the cumulative137Cs deposition during the period from 1960 through 1982. Most of the Chernobyl’ radioactivities, especially131I, are scavenged from the atmosphere by the wet removal process. end quote.

It would be tragically ironic if Dr Yamashita and Fukushima Medical University used a past disease spike in Japan which occurred shortly after the documented arrival of Chernobyl fallout in Japan as a reason to dismiss the spike currently underway in Fukushima as a mere accident of nature of unknown origin.

But that is precisely what they have done to date. In my opinion.

The longer they deem the latent period to be, the more teenagers will be adults for the survey purposes and thus excluded from the survey results. I think.

The purpose and outcome of the Nukers studies into ECCS and meltdown.

January 31, 2014

Consider the forward to the Ergen Report , commisioned in 1966 to examine ECCS and the progress of meltdown in large cores: It states, as published in 1967, the following

Emergency core cooling : report
Author: W K Ergen; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Advisory Task Force on Power Reactor Emergency Cooling.
Publisher: Oak Ridge, Tenn : USAEC, Division of Technical Information Extension, [1966?]
Edition/Format: Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database: WorldCat
Rating:

“INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY

Appointment and Charter of Task Force
On October 27, 1966, the Director of Regulation, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Mr. Harold L. Price, appointed a “task force to conduct a review of power reactor emergency core cooling systems and core protection.
The letter of appointment stated that
“Because of the increasing size and complexity of nuclear
power plants, the AEC regulatory staff and the Advisory
Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) have become increasingly
interested in the adequacy of emergency core
cooling systems and the phenomena associated with core
meltdown. As a result of extended consideration of these
matters by the staff and the ACRS, the Commission and the
ACRS have agreed that a task force should be set up t o review
certain aspects of these problems.

The charter of the Task Force is as follows:
1. To consider and advise the Commission on the following
topics :
The degree to which core cooling systems could be
augmented, by way of design modifications and/or
new design concepts, for additional assurance that
substantial meltdown is prevented.

The potential history of large molten masses of
fuel following a hypothetical accident.

The possible interactions of molten fuel with
materials or atmospheres in containments, and
phenomena associated therewith.

The design and development problems associated with
systems whose objective is to cope with large molten
masses of fuel.

2. To review existing information bearing on the topics listed
in 1.

3. To recommend a course of action to assure development of any additional information needed”.”
end quote.

I ask the question, how much money has been spent and how many lies told since 1966 to produce the result we now know with certainty occurred at Unit 1 Fukushima Diiachi on DAY ONE of the nuclear disaster. See previous two posts.

How many solar panels is that? How many tons of LNG? How many wind farms, How much lost potential for advancement? How many geothermal power plants in Japan could that money have built?

If anything reveals the old fashioned origins of nuclear industry, its dictatorial, bombastic, extremist, denialist, dishonest culture reveals it. And so do the age of the patents upon it rests, which Groves had to steal from Sziliard.

US Freedom of Information Application – Core Melt at Fukushima Unit 1 via ENFORMABLE

January 31, 2014

THanks to Ray Masalas of Canada for pointing this one out, which classically carries on from the confirmation of ECCS failure, Day 1 of disaster Unit 1, Fukushima Diiachi, as recorded on the Tepco Engineers whiteboard as photographed and broadcast by Dan Edge and his crew.

Original puclication : ENFORMABLE, available at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/192320630/March-22nd-2011-Core-Melt-at-Fukushima-Unit-1-From-11-to-12-March-2011-Pages-From-C146301-02X-Group-DK-30#download

Archive: http://enformable.com/category/foia/

Quote:”Our FOIA archives feature collected and sorted FOIA documents, and are sub-categorized by event, topic, importance, and type.Email chains are extracted and published according to date.Press releases are archived by date of publication.Presentation materials and pdfs are summarized and displayed in whole.Each post is titled with the date of transmission of that particular FOIA combined with the subject of the message.”
FOIA

http://enformable.com/2013/12/march-22nd-2011-core-melt-fukushima-unit-1-11-12-march-2011/

March 22nd, 2011 – Core melt at Fukushima Unit 1 from 11 to 12 March 2011, March 22nd, 2011 Pages From FOIA C146301-02X – Group

Considered verified.

Referring to the previous post, the ECCS Emergency Core Cooling System – which was found not to work in tests in Idaho in 1970 and 1971 (Nader et al; AEC; US Congress, Holifield) was “engineered” to prevent Core overheat, Hydrogen production, containment breach and core melt.

As the previous post shows, a raft of experts, including those within the US AEC and consequently, US Congress, knew the ECCS would not work as designed. But as we can now see, and as the NRC short history (see previous post) admits, there was “controversey” over whether the ECCS would do anything at all to prevent nuclear disaster – loss of containment and the creation of a long lasting molten core as described by the AEC’s Ergen report of 1967 (see the post https://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2013/11/22/the-ergen-report-1967-eccs-meltdown-studies/ for the full text of the Ergen report, formally known as Emergency core cooling : report
Author: W K Ergen; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Advisory Task Force on Power Reactor Emergency Cooling.
Publisher: Oak Ridge, Tenn : USAEC, Division of Technical Information Extension, [1966?]
Edition/Format: Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database: WorldCat)

Here’s the full text images of Enformable’s FOIA documents provided by US NRC in response to the C146301-02X request to the US government:

these documents, like the IAEA memo reporting the fuel pool fires of March 15 2011 in unit 4, completely contradict the media feeds which have persisted in the transmission of false information for a period of time approching 3 full years. And the means of correcting the record lays largely in the use of US FOIA by ordinarty people in the USA and elsewhere where entitled.

Everytime nuclear lies have to be corrected by ordinary people applying for the truth from the US government, the view point of the ordinary person is elevated and the propaganda of the nuclear authorities is diminished even further on a global basis.

Things have not changed since the 1950s have they, Dave Whyte?

I hope everyone gets their copies of these FOIA documents from the Enformable site and not from me. Have a visit to Enformable anyway.

The nuclear bomb tests in Nevada USA in the 1950s produced 4 times the fallout of the Chernobyl disaster. The fallout significantly fell on the US Downwinders.

Before anyone suggests Fukushima is going to end life on earth, talk to a Downwinder to find out what really happens in the wake of nuclear releases.

The signigicant thing that happens is a denial of any harm, issued by nuclear authorities, despire the clear and present evidence that they did indeed cause danger and harm to very many people and in fact to significant isolated communities and individuals.

This same denial and cover up is going on today in Japan. And I will show the documents which lead me to this conclusion, again, next post, on the eve of the 3 year review by Fukushima Medical University of the Fukushima children.

Events happen first and most commonly, to those closest in. Whether it be bomb fallout or reactor fallout. The frontline is Japan.

THE ECCS CONTROVERSEY OF THE 1960s and 1970s, USA, in the Light of March 2011.

January 29, 2014

1. EXTRACTS FROM “The Menace of Atomic Energy” by Nader and Abbott, Outback Press, Victoria, Australia. Copyright 1977. ISBN 0 86888 0515. https://www.kirkusreviews.com/book-reviews/john-abbotts/menace-of-atomic-energy/ juxtaposed with :

Dan Edge, Insider Japan’s Nulcear Meltdown”, BBC, Quicksilver, PBS, last image is of the whiteboard in the Fukushima Control room, March 2011, record created by tepco reactor staff.

This final photo above is from Dan Edge, BBC, Qucksilver productions, PBS, “Inside Japan’s Nucleae Meltdown”, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/japans-nuclear-meltdown/ video, transcript: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/health-science-technology/japans-nuclear-meltdown/transcript-4/ to quote: Inside Japan’s Nuclear Meltdown WRITTEN, PRODUCED AND DIRECTED BY
Dan Edge

March 11, 2011
Day 1
………

NARRATOR:This is the frantically scribbled log the engineers kept on a whiteboard in the control room as the nuclear plant slid towards disaster. “15:42, nuclear emergency declared. 15:50, loss of water level readings. 16:36, emergency core cooling system malfunction. No water can be injected.” end quote.

Who knew this would happen prior to and at the approval and licencing of the design in the USA? Consulting Nader and Abbott we can build a list of those who knew. There are two groups – independent scientists and technologists who were dissenters and the nuclear authorities themselves, as follows:

Henry Kandall and Daniel Ford. (Union of Concerned Scientists)
Dr Morris Rosen (Atomic Energy Commission)
George Brockett (AEC)
J. Curtis Haire (AEC)
Milton Shaw (AEC)
Dr Alvin M. Weinberg (Oak Ridge)
The Federal Republic of Germany Reactor Safety Committee, 1972.
The Federation of American Scientists, 1973.
The RAND Corporation, 1972 (CIA)
Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards 1972 (AEC)
The California Assembly’s Advisory Committee on Science and Technology 1973
Swedish government scientific opinion of US reactor design safety – ECCS
Pugwash Conference 1973
2,300 US scientists – petition to Congress. 1975.

How did they know? The knowledge was gained during tests of the ECCS commissioned by the ECCS as documented by Nader and Abbott:

Nader and Abbot, The Menace of Atomic Power, 1977, page 101.

So how long have competant nuclear authorities known of this scandal – that the ECCS upon which everyone from nuclear engineers to babes in the womb rely? Since 1970 for sure.

What did they do to fix the problem? spend millions trying to convince the world that the nuclear emissions mandated in order to lower reactor pressures to allow the entry of emergency coolant because the ECCS wont work in reactor overheat, was safe. Like a “CT scan” a single CT scan given without medical need to unconsenting people who are not the patients of nuclear industry anyway. Nuclear industry is not a hospital, it is a threat to health. It is more than a single CT scan and the Sievert value for each fast particle is much greater than for a single CT scan x ray photon. There isan off switch for a CT scanner. They still havent “switched off” the Fuk reactors.

By the end of the public hearings in the USA in the mid 70s, no American with an interest in the topic could also have known. But noone allowed the Japanese people with credibility or without harassment. Even Fukushima Diiachi ended its construction phase (started 1967) and came on line. With the well known fault set in concrete within its deliberately mysterious bowels.

Now, let’s look at the rules and promises made in the 60s and 70s based on what was known and the statements made to the US people which resulted in the approval of multi megawatt plants in the USA and the export of the GE Mk1 to Tepco, particualrly in the light of the alleged unfalablity of the ECCS as asserted from the 60s on by nuclear authorities even though there had never been a full scale test of these systems, only scale model tests which had been incomplete.

Given the warnings from the 1960s on, given the response of industry to objectors such as Nader, Abbott and their sources, the white board comment recorded by the Tepco engineers on their control room white board should have come as no surprise to anyone.

It begs the questions though, why for forty years the global nuclear industry ignored the warnings, maintaining them to be wrong. And why for forty years only the disenfranchised have continued to carry the warning as a valid description of consequence of design in response to trigger.

For the industry maintained for the same forty years, that no matter what the trigger, the ECCS and the rules governing reactor emergency response and core performance were inviolate and guaranteed safety. This was the guarantee given at public hearings in the 1970s which resulted in the approval of multi megawatt reactors and the export of these reactors to Japan.

Again, compare the record of Nader and Abbott, 1977, from their informants and sources with this:


“16.36 hours, ECCS failure”

Of course, there is record of what the nuclear industry thought of Nader, Abbott and their sources and informants. None of them were or are complementary. However, the official record of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission shows just who is being honest about the facts here. And it is not the nuclear industry. The industry which has produced such a convoluted narrative of Fukushima Diiachi via the mass media that the ECCS as it has stood for decades, and the final arbitration provided by the engineers of Tepco and the proof of their white board record, has been lost in plain sight amid the engineered confusion. It is quite actually. The industry was so adamant in its eternal promise of ECCS infalibility and in the inviolate nature of reactor regulation in order to unleash multi megawatt reactors upon the nations that they plainly lied.

“16.36 hours, ECCS failure”. Tepco March 2011.

If the original warnings were greeted with derision fromt the nuclear elite, it is only the hope that the people have the memories of gold fish which should cause that elite any faint hope of joy.

Not if I can help it. They have lied for so long that the young ones among them do not know the lie or its origins.

2. The origins of the ECCS controversey.

Emergency core cooling : report
Author: W K Ergen; U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Advisory Task Force on Power Reactor Emergency Cooling.
Publisher: Oak Ridge, Tenn : USAEC, Division of Technical Information Extension, [196?]
Edition/Format: Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database: WorldCat
Rating:

Nuclear reactors — Safety measures.
Nuclear reactors — Cooling.

full text (thanks to Aaron) : https://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2013/11/22/the-ergen-report-1967-eccs-meltdown-studies/

With the realisation that cooling failure could produce meltdown in multi megawatt reactors, the US AEC understood that meltdown could not be allowed to become a realistic possiblity in the public mind. It commissioned the Ergen report to study meltdown, the condequences of metdown and the steps and equipment needed to prevent meltdown. . With the completion of the report , with industry assistance , in 1967, it became understood that the control of meltdown and the mitigation of meltdown was heavily dependentant upon soil type beneath the reactor. A quote from the Ergen report : “Page 166 -168 gives some clues:

1. Size of Molten Sphere in Various Soils 1
To illustrate the magnitude of the decay heat release from a 3,200Mwt
core in terms of the heat capacity of several common materials, the
size of a molten sphere containing one-hour-aged fission products was
calculated using dry sand and limestone as the heat absorbing material.
The model for this calculation assumed that the molten material in the
sphere was all at the melting temperature – 3,133 degrees F for dry sand and
4,4600 degrees F for limestone – and had the same density as the surrounding
material so that no settling or floating of the sphere would occur.
Conduction heat transfer from the sphere was included on the basis of
infinite medium surrounding the molten sphere. Fig. 1 shows the sphere
radius as a function of the time after shutdown for dry sand and limestone
as heat sink materials; the sphere radius for the adiabatic – i.e.
no conduction – condition is also shown for dry sand. These results
indicate that molten spheres of approx 60 ft diameter for limestone and
approx 90 ft diameter for dry sand would be required to absorb and dissipate
the decay heat from a 3,200 Mwt core. Also the growth of a molten sphere
would continue for a approx 20,000 hours under these conditions.”

A figure from the Ergen report is reproduced here. Of course, few ordinary people read the Ergen report, but by the mid 70s most interested Americans were aware of the steps taken to prevent meltdown as advertised by the AEC – the infallible (allegedly) Emergency Core Cooling system. This ECCS, this same ECCS which was reported as failed by the Tepco staff on the whiteboard in the control room of reactor number 1 in March 2011. .

So the second question I have is “what is the soil type and the conditions beneath Fukushima Diiachi? ”

From the Ergen Report of 1967. The importance of choosing the underlying soil type to mitigate meltdown consequence in the event of ECCS failure. The report had been commissioned by US nuclear authorities prior to the start of construction of Fukushima Diiachi and was researched and written with industry assistance, including the assistance of General Electric. Who had, therefore, the foresight to choose the Fukushima Diiachi with meltdown mitigation as a site selection criteria. Cutting edge stuff. And known ever since by that industry.

The built it anyway. Telling the people of Japan only that nuclear power was perfectly safe. Objectors were harrassed, delayed and denied in courts and denied full participation in the economic and social life of Japan. Much the same fate suffered by the informants and sources cited by Nader and Abbott. These include:

Henry Kandall and Daniel Ford. (UCS)
Dr Morris Rosen (AEC)
George Brockett (AEC)
J. Curtis Haire (AEC)
Milton Shaw (AEC)
Dr Alvin M. Weinberg (Oak Ridge)
The Federal Republic of Germany Reactor Safety Committee, 1972.
The Federation of American Scientists, 1973.
The RAND Corporation, 1972 (CIA)
Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards 1972 (AEC)
The California Assembly’s Advisory Committee on Science and Technology 1973
Swedish government scientific opinion of US reactor design safety – ECCS
Pugwash Conference 1973
2,300 US scientists – petition to Congress. 1975.

All the above authorities saw the reality of ECCS and of the reality of catastrophic reactor contaminment failure and meltdown as a design led event due to the inadequacies of ECCS and reactor design.

Those authorities who spoke in secret memos only were economically and socially safe. Those who were not of the elite were vulnerable.

Despite the known hazards and the predicted potential failure of ECCS – as shown even by the semi scale tests – the AEC ccommissioners “released its decision on the ECCS Hearings. Its Final Acceptance Criteria for ECCS (October 1973) (Fukushima Diiachi No 1 not yet on stream) standards were only slight modifications of the Interim Criteria. The entire question of whether ECCS would actually work, or when experimental verification of ECCS would be available, was left up in the air ” Nader and abbott, pp 106.

Well its not up in the air anymore.

3. The hydrology and geology of Fukushima Diiachi.

While the American and Japanese people were being told that nuclear power was perfectly safe, the GE and TEPCO engineers were selecting a site for Tepco’s new reactor park, Unit 1 of which was commenced in 1967. What ground conditions did they carefully choose, being fully prepared by the findings of Ergen? .

wherre in Japan would they find wet sand? wet earth? wet limestone? wet anything to mitigate a molten core?

http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/3E04DD1DD13989BC8525785D004CCD7A-map.pdf

http://fukushima.over-blog.fr/article-the-geology-of-fukushima-88575278.html

Fukushima 福島第一

12 novembre 2011
The Geology of Fukushima

By Pierre Fetet, posted in Le blog de Fukushima

Translation from French: Robert Ash

download link: http://ddata.over-blog.com/4/37/62/00/The-Geology-of-Fukushima.pdf

quote” The Fukushima Daiichi Power Station is located on the east coast of Honshu island, in northeastern Japan, on a Cenozoic sedimentary ground, i.e. belonging to the current geological era (from 65.5 million years ago to the present). It is separated from the Abukuma granite plateau by the Futuba fault. Coring conducted by researchers shows that the layer of sedimentary rock which makes up the soil of the east coast of Japan over at least a hundred kilometers has a thickness of 815 meters at the latitude of Fukushima Daini.” Feret, Ash.

that is: Porous ground, lowered 10 metres at least, built over an aquifer with a fault line present, with basements below sea level. Which they use today in diversion to cool the reactors (who believes in “cold shutdown” now? the site conforms to Ergen, 1967. But in the public mind, the worst,by order of the nuclear elite, was not permitted to happen. And so this natural heatsink has never been mentioned. And even when the pollution got too much for even the nukers, they fiegned no prior knowledge in 2011, even though the geology and hydyrology would would been compulsory for the construction of even a public loo, let alone a reactor park. I remember 1967. It was not long ago. Please go to Feret’s site and read what they knew and slected to buld Fukushima Diiachi upon. . They have used that water to clean and flush the place since the day it was built. . I propose.

4. Sprung. From late 2011 Japanese and World nuclear authorities claimed that the emissions from the wrecked gaggle of reactors at Fukushima Diiachi no longer emitted radio chemical pollutants into the biosphere. People who observed or thought otherwise were called every name under the sun by the deceitful nuclear liars.

It was not until July 2013 that Japanese authorities, under pressure from reports which showed continued pollution, admitted that the leakage from the wrecked, failed reactors had continued unabated from March 2011 until the present time. The estimated rate of leakage was initially given as being 300 tons of contaminated water per day, recently undated by TEPCO to 400 tons per day.

This admission came after a campaign of intimidation which saw at least one journalist (a Canadian) interrogated by authorities and deported after being roughed up by official thugs at Tokyo airport. The police are not gentle with Japanese citizens who choose to disagree, on the basis of science, with authorities.

One year ago Associated Press published the following report about the state of ocean and fish contamination off Fukushima. In this story the oceanographer cited explains that the then undiminished level of contamination offshore from Fukushima demonstrated that either 1. The seabed was holding contamination, ensuring fish remained contaminated or 2. that the reactors were still leaking.

It took another 12 months of abuse of the truth by Japan before the eventual admission that option 2 is indeed correct. As probably option 1 is also, ensuring at least a decade of contaminated fish IF Fukushima Diiachi stops leaking today (no show of that).

Just as well Woods Hole Institute isn’t located in Japan eh.

You can trust a nuclear expert as far as you can throw em. It seems.

http://bigstory.ap.org/article/cesium-fish-fukushima-not-declining

Associated Press

Cesium levels in fish off Fukushima not dropping
By MALCOLM FOSTER
— Oct. 25 9:07 PM EDT
You are here
Home » Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc. » Cesium levels in fish off Fukushima not dropping

TOKYO (AP) — Radioactive cesium levels in most kinds of fish caught off the coast of Fukushima haven’t declined in the year following Japan’s nuclear disaster, a signal that the seafloor or leakage from the damaged reactors must be continuing to contaminate the waters — possibly threatening fisheries for decades, a researcher says.

Though the vast majority of fish tested off Japan’s northeast coast remain below recently tightened limits of cesium-134 and cesium-137 in food consumption, Japanese government data shows that 40 percent of bottom-dwelling fish such as cod, flounder and halibut are above the limit, Ken Buesseler, a marine chemist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, wrote in an article published Thursday in the journal Science.

In analyzing extensive data collected by Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, he found that the levels of contamination in almost all kinds of fish are not declining a year after the March 11, 2011 disaster. An earthquake and tsunami knocked out the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant’s vital cooling system, causing three reactor cores to melt and spew radiation onto the surrounding countryside and ocean.

“The (radioactivity) numbers aren’t going down. Oceans usually cause the concentrations to decrease if the spigot is turned off,” Buesseler told The Associated Press in an interview. “There has to be somewhere they’re picking up the cesium.”

“Option one is the seafloor is the source of the continued contamination. The other source could be the reactors themselves,” he said.

The safety of fish and other foods from around Fukushima remains a concern among ordinary Japanese, among the world’s highest per capita consumers of seafood.

Most fish and seafood from along the Fukushima coast are barred from the domestic market and export. In June, authorities lifted bans on octopus and sea snails caught off Fukushima after testing showed very low levels of radiation.

But the most contaminated fish found yet off Fukushima were caught in August, some 17 months after the disaster. The two greenlings, which are bottom-feeders, had cesium levels of more than 25,000 becquerels per kilogram, 250 times the level the government considers safe.

A government fisheries official, Chikara Takase, acknowledged that the figure for the greenlings was “extremely high,” but he added high numbers were detected only in limited kinds of fish sampled in the restricted waters closest to the plant. He acknowledged that “we have yet to arrive at a situation that allows an overall lifting of the ban.”

To bolster public confidence in food safety, the government in April tightened restrictions for cesium-134 and cesium-137 on seafood from 500 to 100 becquerels per kilogram. But the step led to confusion among consumers as people noticed more products were barred.

Plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. said some radioactive water used to cool the Fukushima reactors leaked into the ocean several times, most recently in April.

“Given the 30-year half-life of cesium-137, this means that even if these sources (of contamination) were to be shut off completely, the sediments would remain contaminated for decades to come,” Buesseler wrote in Science.

Experts suspect that radioactive water from the plant is seeping into the ground water at the same time, and is continuing to make its way into the ocean.

Hideo Yamazaki, a marine biologist at Kinki University, agrees with Buesseler’s theory that the cesium is leaking from the Fukushima nuclear plant and that it will contaminate seafood for more than a decade.

He said he believes the plant will continue to leak until cracks and other damage to the three reactors that melted down are repaired. It’s unclear when that work will be completed, or even how, because radiation levels in the reactors are too high for humans or even robots.

“The current levels of contamination in the fish and seafood from the Fukushima coast will continue for a while, perhaps more than 10 years, judging from the progress in the cleanup process,” Yamazaki said in an email.

Buesseler, who led an international research cruise off northeastern Japan in 2011 to study the spread of radionuclides from the Fukushima plant, says predicting patterns of contamination requires more than monitoring data on fish. Careful study of the ocean waters and sediments is also needed to determine how quickly the system will recover.

__

Associated Press writer Mari Yamaguchi contributed to this report.

end quote

5. The Myth of Containment at all times.

The tanks are a pantomime aimed at giving an appearance of control. If one cannot control the pollution, it is imperative to control the perceptions of people. For there is an original promise made by the nuclear elite from which all the other and later promises follow. That is: “A sealed source WILL NEVER BE UNSEALED TO PLACE THE PUBLIC AT RISK”. This is the promise they have broken every day since 1942. http://oregonstate.edu/ehs/rso/training/sealedsource-2

From Oregon State University Website, Environmental Health and Safety page.

Definition of Sealed Source
“Sealed Source” is a term used to describe radioactive sources that have been designed to prevent spread of radioactive material under normal working condition. Here is the definition from the State of Oregon Rules for Control of Radiation:

“Sealed Source” means radioactive material that is permanently bonded or fixed in a capsule or matrix designed to prevent release and dispersal of the radioactive material under the most severe conditions which are likely to be encountered in normal use and handling.
(Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) 333-100-0005)

(an example of the sealed souyrce rule) Every fuel rod is a sealed source and must not be unsealed and released into the lving space or biosphere. Pictures of sealed sources and allegedly recontained escaped sources follow:


sealed sources


allegedly recontained escaped sources. This does not add up.

6. Tepco needs that water . Even as it denied the leaks for 2 years, they used that water to cool and cleanse the plant, and let it flow to sea. The presure and flow rate of the fukushima aquifer is determined by snow melt n the moutains and rainfall. Lake Barrett , on a mission of perception mitigation from US DOE is in Japan saying is all is well. When did he arrive in relation to the variation of the flow rate? At the point where it naturally dimishes. At 3 Mile Mile Island he had the luxury of letting the water evaporate. That would take a few years and few more acres at Fukusima. I have gotten this far in trying to figure the plan, written in 1967, in the event of worst case. The case post 3/11: https://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2013/08/27/cold-shutdown-leaky-reactors-changed-ground-water-flow-and-leaky-tanks/ The stark admission by New Scientist that the ground water is being diverted TO the reactors being the key to understanding the situation. If Fukushima’s soil was dry, it would all go to the air. But because water is involved with nuclear fuel, Mr Ergen would not be entirely pleased. Because of the “Devil’s Balance”.

The flow rate of the Fukushima aquifer is determined by the snow melt in the mountains and the rainfall on the Fukushima Plains.

They need the water and divert it: The following extract from New Scientist magazine describes the use to which Tepco has put the ground water:

” Every day, 400 tonnes of groundwater flows down from peaks overlooking the complex, invades the stricken reactor halls and is contaminated. At present, the Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco), which runs the plant, redirects the water over the reactor cores to keep them cool. After filtering to remove radioactive caesium, the water is stored in tanks. Huge volumes are being placed in 1060 tanks, each holding up to 1000 tonnes.” New Scientist, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24100-should-fukushimas-radioactive-water-be-dumped-at-sea.html#.UhyDWM5R4vR Should Fukushima’s radioactive water be dumped at sea? Updated 10:17 27 August 2013 by Andy Coghlan.

7. the Devil’s Balance. “reactors are designed to operate with a moderator. This is a substance, spread throughout the reaction space, containing light nuclei that do not absorb neutrons. In collision with a light nucleus (such as hydrogen or carbon), the neutron scatters, and as result loses a considerable fraction of its energy. After a few such scatterings, its energy gets down to the level where it has a high probability of absorption by 235U. The moderator in most American reactors is water…..The reactor consists of a large pool of water. Immersed in this pool are a large number of fuel rods. These are narrow cylinders that contain small pellets (about the size of a pea) of uranium. Neutrons released in one fission will usually travel out of one of the fuel rods, and have to pass through some water before they encounter uranium in another fuel rod. The effect of the water, primarily its hydrogen nuclei, is to slow the neutrons, and allow them to initiate further fissions. Without the moderator fission probability is too low and the reactor stops WITHOUT THE THE MODERATOR (in this case, water) FISSION PROBABLITY IS TOO LOW AND THE REACTOR STOPS.” http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/physics/sobel/Nucphys/pile.html

Can we all see the inherent danger of watrer moderated reactors and corium stuck in ground water? And why, perhaps,, for as long as Tepco has blessed the world with its live camthose who do watch it have seen regualr eruptions of steam. Steam eruptions which have only been admitted by Tepco as ocurring only since late 2013. Anbd then once or twice. Why would nuclear industry beam 24/7 video to a limited global net audience and tell another story to the majority of the world’s population? Those who do not watch the live cam? Most of those who do, I bet , being anti nuke. the reason for the live cam has something to do with this: http://sociology.about.com/od/D_Index/g/Deviance-Amplification.htm Nuclear indsutry wants the majority of the world to view its opponents as extremists. Careful how you play your cards.

GE has always made great play of the alleged safety of of its water moderated reactors. The control rods in its reactors are never used to throttle the reactor, they are only inserted at full shut down. At all other times they are fully withdrawn. How are such reactors controlled then? how is their power outpurt and rate of fission varfied? by varying the speed of the water pumps. the faster the pumps, the denser the water, the more neutrons are slowed, the faster the rate of fission, the greater the power output and the more heat there is. The slower the pumps, the less dense the water, the less moderation of neutrons there is, the slonwer the rate of fission. Which is all very well in a small reactor, but when the core is big enough to create such decay heat during full shut down as to melt itself, then what do they do? . They enter the realm of the Devil’s Balance. The more water they pour in the greater the chance of fission, the longer they need to pour water in. More water = power up, less water = power down. Every power up = more fission products which = more decay heat to dissipate over time. It’s been nearly years and the joint is still steaming. And as for the corium, it is the aquifer which is the automatic throttle. The ice wall is plainly a piece of futrist crap. If it were not for the aquifer though and will only ever be mooted and never enacted. Still if it were not for the aquifer and the contamination it has entrained, Tokyo would be a dead zone perhaps. The down side is, that over aeons, its top bit encased in concrete or not, Fukushima Diiachi will end up like a second lost land of Mu. Washed out to sea and at the bottom of it. Aaron, unless Arnie can calculate the additional amount of fission product created since March 2011, he cannot say how much residual energy there is in the ex vessel or in vessel fuel. The longer it takes for people to get a close look at the joint, the better the nukers will like it. I’ll be dead before anyone gets inside the salient places.

A typical image shown to the internet user with a nuclear interest by Tepco via its Fukushima Diiachi Live Cam since March 2011. It portrays a vision of Fukushima which is at complete loggerheads with most mass media reports.

If one does not use the same sources, everything becomes cognitive dissonance and little if any rational debate is heard. Because the visions of the event totally disagree. Hiddin in all this is the truth of the matter. There is no industry narrative of the Tepco Live Cam. Just Deviancy Amplification and an escalation of assertion and denial. It is total crap that steam has issued twice from the site and only since September 2013. It has been issuing smoke and steam and flashes of light since the disaster occurred and Tepco put the cameras in, connected to the world wide web. You will find no mention of this data and image source in any mass media publication from March 2011 until now. Just stories which contradict the continuous video feed. Goebbels would be pleased.


The bottom of every GE Mk1 and Mk2 is peppered with 70 holes and seals fo the bottom up control rods and tubes. When ECCS fails and fuel melts, escape of corium is fast – the control rod seals are not steel and melt quickly. The GE reactors are the ones with hernias in their bases.

The record shows that nuclear authorities knew the ECCS would not work even before the Fukushima Diiachi Unit went on line in the 1970s.


Rather than feighning ignorance, the nuclear industry should own up and actually explain why it needs the water under Fukushima Diiachi. And then it can explain its green clean claim again.

or try to.


Is this a schematic of the Fukushima aquifer or a schematic of an emergency corium and vessel cooling system? Why, its both.

That’s why they put it there.


The DEvil’s Balance : water is the moderator: the more water the faster the reaction goes. The less water the slower it goes.

Mother Nature as a corium throttle = intermittent steam. Since March 2011. IMO. Source: The Tepco Live Cam.


Tepco inducing us plebs to argue amongst ourselves.

8. The official US NRC history of the ECCS controversey. main page: http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/short-history.html topic page: http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/short-history.html#core-cooling (see also http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/short-history.html#meltdown )

People will say I’m making all this up. The quotations are real, the sources are real and if the reader would rather read the belated US Nuclear Regulatory Commission version of the ECCS Controversey, here it is. Compare to Nader and Abbott and other impartial sources and the NRC confirms them. The NRC is short on history, it is a “short history”.

QUOTE: “The Emergency Core Cooling Controversy

At the prodding of the ACRS, which first sounded the alarm about the China syndrome, the AEC established a special task force to look into the problem of core melting in 1966. The committee, chaired by William K. Ergen, a reactor safety expert and former ACRS member from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, submitted its findings to the AEC in October 1967. The report offered assurances about the improbability of a core meltdown and the reliability of emergency core cooling designs, but it also acknowledged that a loss-of-coolant accident could cause a breach of containment if ECCS failed to perform. Therefore, containment could no longer be regarded as an inviolable barrier to the escape of radioactivity. This represented a milestone in the evolution of reactor regulation. In effect, it imposed a modified approach to reactor safety. Previously, the AEC had viewed the containment building as the final independent line of defense against the release of radiation; even if a serious accident took place the damage it caused would be restricted to the plant. Once it became apparent that under some circumstances the containment building might not hold, however, the key to protecting the public from a large release of radiation was to prevent accidents severe enough to threaten containment. And this depended heavily on a properly designed and functioning ECCS.

The problem facing the AEC regulatory staff was that experimental work and experience with emergency cooling was very limited. Finding a way to test and to provide empirical support for the reliability of emergency cooling became the central concern of the AEC’s safety research program. Plans had been underway since the early 1960s to build an experimental reactor, known as the Loss-of-Fluid-Tests (LOFT) facility, at the AEC’s reactor testing station in Idaho. Its purpose was to provide data about the effects of a loss of coolant accident. For a variety of reasons, including weak management of the test program, a change of design, and reduced funding, progress on the LOFT reactor and the preliminary tests that were essential for its success were chronically delayed. Despite the complaints of the ACRS and the regulatory staff, the AEC diverted money from LOFT and other safety research projects on existing light-water reactor design to work in the development of fast-breeder reactors. A proven fast breeder was an urgent objective for the AEC and the Joint Committee; Seaborg described it as “a priority national goal” that could assure “an essentially unlimited energy supply, free from problems of fuel resources and atmospheric contamination.”

To the consternation of the AEC, experiments run at the Idaho test site in late 1970 and early 1971 suggested that the ECCS in light-water reactors might not work as designed. As a part of the preliminary experiments that were used to design the LOFT reactor, researchers ran a series of “semiscale” tests on a core that was only nine inches long (compared with l44 inches on a power reactor). The experiments were run by heating a simulated core electrically, allowing the cooling water to escape, and then injecting the emergency coolant. To the surprise of the investigators, the high steam pressure that was created in the vessel by the loss of coolant blocked the flow of water from the ECCS. Without even reaching the core, about 90 percent of the emergency coolant flowed out of the same break that had caused the loss of coolant in the first place….” END QUOTE (read the whole thing please. The record shows that they knew it would not work….Hence, in worst case, the choice of site at Fukushima. Where mother nature provides the coolant loop of last resort. Poor fishes, farmers and people though.

(Remember the photogrpah of the Fukushima control room white board. The ECCS fails. It is no longer controversial. They have been lying for decades and they know it. )

See also :

http://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/short-history.html#meltdown official US NRC history “The Problem of Core Meltdown”.

That the spirit of Chester E. Holifield still taints nuclear industry and guides its dilberations is revealed in the decades long knowledge the industry has the ECCS does not work.

Chester E. Holifield
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chester E. Holifield, US Representative from California, 1970
The Chet Holifield Federal Building

Chester Earl “Chet” Holifield (December 3, 1903 – February 6, 1995) was a United States Representative from California. He was born in Mayfield, Graves County, Kentucky. He moved with his family to Springdale, Arkansas in 1912. He attended the public schools and moved to Montebello, California in 1920 where he engaged in the manufacture and selling of men’s apparel from 1920 to 1943. He was chair of the Los Angeles County Democratic Central committee of the 51st District from 1934 to 1938. He was chair of the California State Central committee of the 12th congressional district from 1938 to 1940. He was also a delegate to each Democratic National Convention from 1940 to 1964.

Holifield was elected as a Democrat to the 78th and to the fifteen succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1943 until his resignation on December 31, 1974. He was not a candidate for reelection in 1974 to the 94th Congress.

Holifield resumed the manufacture and selling of men’s apparel after leaving Congress. He died on February 6, 1995.

While in Congress, he was chair of the U.S. House Committee on Government Operations (91st through 93rd Congresses) and the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy (87th, 89th, and 91st Congresses). He was member of the President’s Special Evaluation Commission on Atomic Bomb Tests at Bikini Atoll, 1946. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, as a member of the House Military Operations Subcommittee, he was a strong advocate of fallout shelters and said that the United States should “build a nationwide system of underground shelters”.[2] Holifield was also a congressional adviser to international conferences on uses of atomic energy, nuclear weapons testing, water desalinization, and disarmament.

Alvin M. Weinberg, who advocated inherent safety in reactor design, recounted an incident from 1972, where Holifield stated: “if you are concerned about the safety of reactors, then I think it may be time for you to leave nuclear energy.”[3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chester_E._Holifield

The Japanese Diet would have us belive that the spirit of Holifield, as it stalks that land, is particularly Japanese. It aint.

Its Western.

You would have been better off importing rice and beef from 1950 Japan, than importing the technology and spirit of Mr Holifield.

Still I guess the heads of Nuke in Japan can’t even thread a needle.

I cannot be correct in all that I conclude on the basis of the evidence.

Which of course, gives nothing away to the nukers. After all, the salient fact is that 30 years after the assertions of the infalibility of the ECCS and the regs were asserted, the fact of ECCS failure was reported at 16.36 via the Fukushima Diiachi whiteboard.

That’s all one really needs to know. Because the problem has not been fixed in any nuclear reactor built anywhere in the world.

And like the man said, anyone concerned with reactor safety was kicked out of the industry 30 years ago.

“Oh Plutonium is quite safe to eat”: Dr Yamashita, head of the Japanese government childhood disease monitoring program, Fukushima, 2011.

If there is any truth to any of the source documents cited, quoted and reproduced here, the situation is a decades old scandal which should result in the dismemberment of nuclear industry and nuclear culture as it now exits.

You cannot keep this secret Mr Abe, its an American scandal foisted on the Japanese people in 1967. The more you keep it secret, the bigger the puppet you seem to me to be.

British Nuclear Veterans “Fissionline” number 16

January 27, 2014

Once again, thanks to Dave Whyte.

British Nuclear Veterans “Fissionline” Number 15

January 26, 2014

Dave Whyte writes: ”
Hello Everyone,

I have pleasure in enclosing Fissionline No15, the Christmas Edition.

I have added the following as it may be of interest.

I recently received a copy of the ‘Radiological Safety Regulations’ for Christmas Island dated July 1958 and I believed there were numerous articles that nuclear Veterans would be rather interested , or shocked, if they read them.

As I had already received numerous other documents and was under restriction as to what I could, or could not divulge I decided to request directions on whether or not it was permissible to communicate these interesting articles to other like minded nuclear Veterans as the document did not contain any personal information.

Although I have not received the official judicial direction on this matter, I have received a reply from the Treasury Solicitor informing me that I am not permitted to use the ‘Radiological Safety Regulations’ for any purpose other than the appeal. I wonder what information the TSoL is afraid to let the world know!

It now appears the MoD, AWE and TSoL in addition to being permitted to lose, hide, falsify or forge documents they can now deny the nuclear Veterans their basic right to discover what safety regulations were in force when they were ordered to attend the British nuclear tests.

To all nuclear Veterans, their Families and Supporters I personally wish a ‘Very merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!’

Dave Whyte

PS. Remember to send a copy to your Friends and Member of Parliament.”