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The Use of Potassium to reduce Cs137 contamination in test crops by USA in the Marshall Islands.

October 26, 2018

From March 2011 until the present time, nuclear industry and its advocates have repeated that the Cs contamination of Japanese farmland is of no consequence.

I refer to the following previous post: https://nuclearhistory.wordpress.com/2014/10/07/attempted-decontamination-of-farmland-in-japan-by-ploughing-farmers-of-the-world-skill-up/

While it is now 7 years later, and while cleanup of the contaminated has progressed and remains ongoing, and while approved and acceptable food stuffs are available in Japan, many Japanese people remain firm in their diverse and freely chosen views on the matter. Much to the dismay of the nuclear industry.
(Source: B. Heard, Channel 9 Australia, Sixty Minutes, episode 34). Ben laments what he implies is the irrational choices and actions taken by the Japanese people and Japanese authorities. See previous posts. I have shown that the eating of traditional food hunted and gathered from traditional hunting and collection lands (which now form parts of the radiological exclusion zones for very good reasons, which Ben Heard failed to discuss on air). Thus, Japanese medical science, via routine and regular internal scanning of people, has published data showing that the radiological burden (mainly cesium previously owned by a nuclear electricity company) borne by people who continue to hunt and collect food in their traditional lands is significantly higher than those people who live in the same place but who obtain their food from what is stated to be “approved sources” in that scientific paper. It is no longer safe to fill or partially fill ones dietary needs by hunting and gathering in hunting grounds which are part of the exclusion zone and which are otherwise not decontaminated still. This is covered in recent previous posts. Hunting wild pigs and picking wild mushrooms is not my cup of tea. But then again I am not a Japanese person who owns a family heritage and culture which extends back thousands of years. The Japanese people are indigenous to their land and as with all such peoples, they have a very highly developed relationship with their land and through it, a finely tuned sense of proper individual, family and social behaviour. Imagine being the first head of a family not to carry out the regular duty of obtaining food by hunting and collecting. The death of a thousand year rite and duty. And so, free people continue the duty even though they know via the routine screening, what the new nuclear industry imposed Cesium tariff is as imposed upon their soft tissues. The paper I am referring to is now a couple of years old. It will be about 2041 before the amount of Cs 137 deposited in the hunting and collecting ground halves by decay. Perhaps the amount will go down sooner if the government decides it can afford to clean up what is now determined to be “low value land”, such as the exclusion zones are deemed to be. Then again the complete decay chain of the fission cesium isotopes is complex when taken together. The radiological question is sociological in nature at the same time, but the unqualified advocate and industry employed metal benders have idea of such things.

So the problem of attenuating dose from fission isotopes of cesium is a critical one. Luckily, due to the continual attempts by the USA to render the primary and heavily contaminated islands of the Marshall Islands habitable and food self sufficient again, we have learned some salient things. Much to the dismay of those who have equated fission cesium in potatoes, wheat, meat, milk and so on, from the early days post 3/11 with the lack of consequence of the presence of that 0.01% of natural potassium in bananas (and potatoes etc – the potassium rich foods). Oh well, that only a banana’s worth. Whereas if that is in fact the amount of cesium taken in, it doubles the dose to the same tissues for no reasons. The total dose absorbed from all sources is not found by comparative subtraction. Plants do not discriminate against cesium uptake. A potassium rich plant will absorb both potassium and cesium. The issue here is the presence of fission cesium in soil and therefore diet and therefore human tissue. If reactors were able to contain their effluent in Japan and elsewhere, there would not be any reactor sourced fission cesium present in any Japanese soil, wild plants or wild animals. But there is. The conclusion is plain. If I grew bananas in the contaminated soil of the exclusion zone and other un remediated areas contained by the nuclear industry, I would produce cesium contaminated banana. I eat it it would present me with a banana dose of K40 PLUS the dose resultant from the presence of the banana’s cesium load. 1 banana = 1 banana. That is self evident. But like potatoes grown in the same contaminated soil, as cesium is a potassium analogue biochemically, the banana would be rich in fission cesium as well in potassium. One is a nutrient, the other is a chemical toxin which delivers also an additional dose.

Dose to soft tissue which use potassium = potassium uptake plus radio cesium uptake, whereas prior to the contaminating event, the total dose = the K40 dose alone. And yes, bananas are grown in Japan and I have wondered how many banana equivalent doses a Japanese banana represents compared to itself. Um, one. But that is K40 dose + the nuker’s fission cesium dose. This is assuming ( a big assumption for the sake of illustration) that Japanese bananas are contaminated with radio cesium. They would be if grown in an area of contaminated land such as the un remediated Exclusion Zones. But they probably aren’t. I hope this is all clear to the reader. You have to eat potassium rich food to stay alive. If all the potassium in the world was magically made to disappear, we would be absorbing more cesium and life on the planet would cease. Due to lack of potassium, due to the accumulated internal dose of cesium. Most I imagine would die from lack of potassium before cesium toxicity got them. I think. Its moot.

The dose from the planet is a planetary equivalent dose. Which was very different in many parts of the world in 1928 to what it is today in those same parts. Well done Mr. Szilard. What was once fallout product contamination is now today part of normal background. It hasn’t been one half life of Cs 137 since 3/11 yet. When will the remains of the fission cesium be considered normal background? 1 x 30 years? 2 times? 100 times? Can’t turn back the clock. Back to the Future was just a movie franchise. Once the things are built that’s it. All technology has a life cycle. Fission was conceptually born in 1934. It’s 84 years old. It has not saved the planet yet though it claimed to from 1946 until the fall of the Berlin Wall. It now says it can do it’s saviour act again. I’m supposed to be pleased with that? How many reactors are there now? How much chaos have they created? Sure, let us build 55 reactors here, plus a Monju. We could see the high level nuclear to North Korea just to shut them up. Ben says it’s all perfectly safe, just like Titterton did in 1957.

Around 11% of the world’s electricity is generated by about 450 nuclear power reactors. ” Source: Nuclear Power Today | Nuclear Energy – World Nuclear Association http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/…/nuclear-power-in-the-world-today.aspx 1934 – 2018 = 84 years. That’s an average of 5.3 reactors per year. 89% of global electricity is not generated by nuclear power.

“In 1973, the University of Delaware even built Solar One, one of the first solar powered residences. People began to see solar energy as a viable option for their homes.” https://rgsenergy.com/solar-panels-for-your-home/the-history-of-residential-solar-energy/ Solar panels have been used on homes since about 1973. That’s about 45 years.

“Globally, renewables made up 24 percent of electricity generation in 2014, much of it from hydropower (17 percent). Renewable ethanol and biodiesel transportation fuels made up over 22 percent of total U.S. renewable energy consumption in 2016, up from 12 percent in 2006. Renewable Energy — Center for Climate and Energy Solutions
https://www.c2es.org/content/renewable-energy/

As nuclear power faces more and more competition from alternative clean energy sources, it’s main claim to fame: very high energy density fuel will increasing be confronted by energy technologies which do not use fuel at all, or which create their own high energy density fuels – such as solar and wind created hydrogen.

If nuclear is to save the world by 2050, how many new nuclear plants need to be built? Another 450 would generate 22% of global power needs. A combined total of 1,350 would generate 33% of world energy needs. That’s still only about 1/3rd of global needs. Still renewables generate 24 percent already and nuclear is old technology. The newer technologies are at the start of their technological life cycle, not at the end. Should the world allow nuclear industry build around 1,500 new nuclear plants by 2050 in order to save the planet? Or is the promise of newer technology and new technology and technologies beyond the ken of nuclear fuel rod designers – the masters of zirconium (which ironically, generates hydrogen when over heated). I mean, its only going to take 30 new reactors per year from now until 2050 to build a nuclear fleet totally round about 1,500. Imagine the income at the Eyre Peninsular International spent fuel rod storage dump. Imagine all those spent fuel cores sailing the seven seas including the South China Sea, the Suez Canal and down past Somalia. What fun for our new Navy. Guarding that lot of loose canons.

We are moving into the area of “radio protection by displacement”. Which has its limits:

The Marshall Islands and the displacement of cesium by potassium from test crops with resultant lower dose readings in fruit and vegetables.

The experience and reports of Livermore National Labs in its attempts to remove radio cesium from food grown in the Bikini Atoll further reveal the nuclear lie. The main means of reducing radio cesium from food there involves the use of potassium fertilizer to displace cesium in the crops. It is of some, but limited success. As less than 1% of potassium is the radioactive isotopes of potassium and as the radioactive isotopes of potassium are much less radioactive per unit weight than radio cesium, there is an obvious radiological importance in using potassium to displace cesium from food.
see https://marshallislands.llnl.gov/bikini.php It gives the lie to the misapplication of the banana equivalent dose, which is used by nuclear advocates to falsely claim that radio cesium in soil is not threat to the plants and animals which depend upon such a cesium contaminated food chain. The total dose of a cesium contaminated banana is more than the 0.01% of radio potassium (K40) in all potassium. 100% of fission cesium is radio active cesium, which has a far different radiological impact that the small amount of K40. The following information from the above link shows this via the mechanism of cesium displacement by potassium added to cesium contaminated SANDY soil : “One key factor that helps explain why cesium-137 plays such a important role in contributing to radiation exposure in the Marshall Islands is that coral soils are known to contain little or no clay material and very low concentrations of naturally occurring potassium—an alkaline earth element that shares similar properties with cesium. These conditions result in increased uptake of cesium-137 from soil and incorporation into plants relative to the rate of cesium-137 uptake from continental soils. Consequently, the significance of dietary intakes of cesium-137 from eating locally grown foods was initially overlooked because early models in radioecology were based on continental type soils and exposure conditions. Knowledge of the unique behavior of cesium-137 in potassium-poor coral soil environments has also been instrumental in helping guide remediation experiments designed to reduce the dose delivered to resettled or resettling populations.

The first of a series of long-term field experiments was established on Bikini Island during the late 1980s to evaluate potential remediation techniques to reduce the uptake of cesium-137 into plants (Robison and Stone, 1998). Based on these experiments, the most effective and practical method for reducing the uptake of cesium-137 into food crop products was to treat agricultural areas with potassium fertilizer (KCl). The addition of potassium had the added benefit of increasing the growth rate and productivity of some food crops with essentially no adverse environmental impacts. One alternative is to excavate the top 30 to 40 cm of soil, but this type of remedial process would be much more expensive to implement over a large area. Furthermore, excavation carries away all the soil organic matter needed to maintain the water retention capacity of coral soils and supply essential nutrients to support plant growth. Soil excavation also necessitates a very long-term commitment to rebuild the soil and revegetate the land.

Large-scale field experiments on Bikini Island have been used to optimize the required amount and application rates of potassium (Figure 3). The results from these experiments show that a single application of 2000 kg per ha of potassium can be effective in reducing the cesium-137 uptake in coconut meat (and juice) to about 5% to 10% of the pretreatment level.” Source:

Marshall Islands dose assessment and radio ecology program , Bikini Atoll, Remediation Options, Global Security Directorate | Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , USA, 2015, at https://marshallislands.llnl.gov/bikini.php

The only reason any one with any knowledge would use the banana equivalent dose ethically would in the case where a patient, diagnosed to have a need for medical radiation either for diagnosis or treatment and who wanted to understand what “size” the dose to be administered would be. The answer might be 1/4 of a banana or 50 or more bananas. Its a rough volumetric comparison for those who need a reassuring means of picturing what actually is invisible energy interacting with tissue. It’s fair enough.

But what I object to to the pit of my being is the use to which nuclear advocates have used the BED against the people of Japan and the people of the world. In the process of doing claim x bananas equals the amount of cesium released into the Japanese biosphere, all such people do is distort the facts and ignore the need to explain that the daily requirement for potassium is mandatory for health and life and that the food most vulnerable to fission cesium contamination are those foods which are rich in potassium. Such foods mistake cesium potassium. And as I have shown, the radiology of cesium is very very different to that of the 0.1% of potassium which is naturally active K40. The amount of K40 in human tissue does not build up. It remains constant. However, the amount of radio cesium in the same tissue (for cesium is a potassium analogue) which is resident in tissue as result of a contaminated environment depends upon the degree of contamination in food, the unfilled need for potassium in tissue, and the length of time the person lives and consumes the contaminated biosphere. Including the wild pigs and mushrooms of the Fukushima Exclusion zones and other zones which are, at the present, deemed too low value to warrant the cost of decontamination.

As Japan’s farm land is not sandy soil, cesium has a chance to chemically bind to clay in that land. This means 1. the cesium in Japanese farmland will be resident there but 2. It will be easier for plants to absorb potassium in preference to the cesium. (not that plants can prefer, the biology of potassium uptake compared to t he biology cesium uptake in clay soil is good luck for the people of Japan and conversely an unmitigated tragedy for the people of the Marshall Islanders.

Not that I would be thrilled if I were a Japanese person who formerly lived and worked in the Fukushima Exclusion Zone.

Well might Mr Heard be so driven to sell reactor to Australians. To the extent that he fails to see most of us can imagine something of the loss and pain and anger felt by us if we were those Japanese people.

In the 1950s and 1960s some of us actually were. And some of us, those who owned the Maralinga lands, were carted off in the 1950s by army truck to a place on the coast and elsewhere, not able to return due to purely radiological facts until the late 1990s in part and fully only in this century.

So yea, keep showing us Japan Mr Heard. It helps some of remember what was done here. The lies of safety proven false in 1984, and finally corrected to the satisfaction of the ICRP in 2001.

Of course, in about another 30 years, independent Japanese researchers will at last be able to enter reactor No 1 at Fukushima, to see what the quake damage to the ECCS condenser actually was.

I wonder where the nuclear experts responsible will be on that day. Watching from heaven perhaps? Its mazing the truth that comes out when the head honchos have sprung their mortal coils.

How well does ploughing work as a method of Nuclear Decontamination?

October 7, 2014

How well does ploughing work? After the British had finised nuking Australia, they ploughed areas of the Maralinga nuclear test site and declared it clean as a result.
The Australian Radiation Protection And Safety Agency reports as follows: “What has been done to rehabilitate the site?

In a rehabilitation operation carried out by the UK Ministry of Defence in 1967 (Operation Brumby), an attempt was made to dilute the surface concentration of plutonium in the more highly contaminated areas, particularly in central Taranaki. This was done by turning over and mixing the surface soil. In future rehabilitation programs this area was known as the “ploughed area”.

“Since the closure of the range in 1967, numerous studies have been carried out to map and characterise the contamination at Maralinga including detailed studies in 1984-85 by the Australian Radiation Laboratory (ARL, which became ARPANSA in February 1999). These studies revealed that contamination levels at the site were much greater than earlier acknowledged.” Source:  http://www.arpansa.gov.au/radiationprotection/basics/maralinga.cfm

How many times will Fukkushima be ploughed? Once in the current era and again in 32 years time? After the truth comes out?

Attempted Decontamination of Farmland in Japan by Ploughing – Farmers of the world, skill up.

October 7, 2014

What’s a farmer’s field worth devoid of it’s topsoil?

How successful is ploughing as a means of decontamination? Depends on how honest the nuclear experts are and on how slack they are. It didn’t work at Bikini Atoll. USA is still trying to get rid of their mess from the 1950s. Using potassium. Cesium is NOT a banana.

Who is paying for the decontamination of this land? Is it the industry which caused via a Cesium Levy? No.

It is the ordinary taxpayer of Japan.  This is corporate welfare.  How do farmers raise a product without benefit of the topsoil which took generations of skilled stewardship to create, build up and maintain?  This is corporate impost and risk imposed by a global welfare beneficiary of great wealth and influence.  There is no justice here.

Look, it is my experience as an Australia with a bit more memory than a goldfish that nuclear NEVER give accurate assessments of the consequences of nuclear disaster.   They initially assure safety and when an event occurs, respond with public opinion control and denial of harms. DECADES later, they come out with some truth.  The aim of the game is to minimise cost and to limit liabiity. It is also to allow the industry and activity to continue.  They wait for about a generation or the half life of Strontium 90 and then say “tut tut, those old experts didn’t know enough but now we know it all so dont contradict us.” They still dont pay just compensation the victims.  And when they themselves commit the same cock ups say “It’s perfectly, dont be radiophobic spreaders of FUD. The reactor will only be offline for year, renewables are not the answer, they don’t need fuel mines and drill heads.”  A circle game.

The “Fukushima Experiment”. An email from David Chanin.

October 7, 2014

David Chanin co-authored, among other things, the following publications :

“MELCOR Accident Consequence Code System (MACCS) Model Description”

NUREG/CR-4691, SAND86-1562, Prepared by H-N Jow, J. L. Sprung, J. A. Rollstin, L. T. Ritchie, D.I. Chanin,

Sandia National Laboratories, Prepared for U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. ManuscriptCompleted:

December 1989 Date Published: February 1990.

87185 GRAM, Inc.Albuquerque, NM Technadyne Engineering Consultants, Inc. Albuquerque, NM Prepared for
Division of Systems Research Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, U.S.Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Washington, DC 20555 NRC FIN A1853, Prepared for Division of Systems Research Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Washington, DC 20555 NRC FIN A1853
and
“PWA 00004 Pilgrim LR Proceeding 50-293 – LR, 06-848-02-LR PWA- David Chanin: MACCS2 Support Forum & The Development of MACCS2: Lessons Learned, August 23, 2006 RE: MACCS2 Economic Costs” Available at:
In 2011 and 2012 David Chanin and I exchanged emails in regard to the consequences of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster.
In response to a question David Chanin responded with the following:
David Chanin To Paul Langley16 Jul 2011

“I think we’ll never know the truth about what’s happening there.”
—– Original Message —–
From: paul langley
To: David Chanin
Sent: Thursday, July 14, 2011 9:21 AM
Subject: Decontamination in Fukushima
David, has there been any progress or good news regarding decontamination of Fukushima City itself?

Regards
Paul Langley

David Chanin also wrote the following:
— On Fri, 22/4/11, David Chanin <> wrote:

From: David Chanin <>
Subject: hey, here’s another favor you can do me
To: “paul langley” <>
Received: Friday, 22 April, 2011, 1:45 AM

Paul

What’s amazing to me is that I seem to be the only one who thinks that I-131 levels should be decreasing with 8-day halflife because its only parents in the “standard NRC 60-nuclide list for reactors” are Te-131and Te-131m, both with shorter halflives, so they can’t be causing any I-131 buildup and certainly can’t cause the high levels of I-131 being reported in the flood of measurements that were published by TEPCO all on April 19, with measurements of seawater as far away as 15 km showing I:Cs rations of over 2:1 and as high as 3:1, but sometimes they’re equal, with few to none where I-131 is measured at levels less than Cs-134  and Cs-137 on a Bq/gram-water basis with 1000-second counting time of 1-liter sample, which matches up with usage of a gamma spectrometry machine like the GAM-AN1 by Canberra:  http://www.canberra.com/literature/994.asp

Can you do me a favor and ask one of your nuclear engineer contacts how and why I-131 can be over double the reported levels of Cs-134 and Cs-137, after five halflives of I-131?

I’m not a nuclear engineer who can try to run the Origen code for their reactors and the SNF pools to see what could be making the I-131.  I’m the consequence analyst who developed the MACCS2 code and have used it and its predecessor MACCS since the 1980s for nuclear accident analysis.

All I know is that when people use the MACCS2 code, which is the NRC-approved code for reactor PRA consequence calculations, and is used worldwide for well over 500 nuclear facilities and operations since its release in 1997, the MACCS2 code shows ZERO consequences from I-131 from reactor accidents after 40 days of decay.   It’s not just the direct exposure doses from groundshine and inhalation, it’s also the food doses calculated by the code with both of the “food models” that are available to the code user.  Milk from cows grazing during a large release shows very low levels of I-131 after 40 days according to the MACCS2 calculations. 

And it’s also my understanding that “normal levels” of I-131 in SNF pools should be practically zero, with the million-year, weak emitter, I-129 being the only iodine that should be detected to any significant degree in SNF water from an intact pool under normal operation.  So, if my MACCS2 code is wrong about I-131, then all the safety analyses that use to MACCS2 to calculate nuclear accident impacts are also wrong. That’s why this is an important question.

Even if criticalities are ongoing, it’s impossible for me to imagine that they could be creating so much I-131.  I’ve used “standard decay tables” that all derive from ICRP 38 and were calculated by Keith Eckerman, at ORNL, who calculates the internal and external DCFs for US and international agencies which all rely on the ICRP 38 decay chains, where decay-chain calcs are necessary because of the decay and buildup of progeny after an intake both on the ground for deposited material and in the human body from inhlaed or ingested material.

I have not tried to use this database from KfK to solve the puzzle.: http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx

So my question, which you can forward around with all the above ane below is: Why are the I-131 levels of April 19 in “plant-water” and seawater from  http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/index-e.html   so high after 5 halflives?  The NRC says that the MACCS2 code is essentially error-free. I’m curious if that’s true because I learned way back in school that there is no such thing a bug-free large-scale software such as MACCS2, which has received little-to-none verification and validation for complex scenarios.

I have no qualms whatsoever being known as the source of this request.  I’ve never pretended to know everything.

David Chanin

David Chanin also wrote the following:

“I haven’t read your blog going back past a week or so. The only reason i posted there was that it seemed like a safe enough place to post my newly formed opinion about the Japanese being used as human guninea pigs for the second time … but now by their own government. There are plenty of competent CHPs in Japan who can read and write good English. Unfortunately, competent CHPs seem to have no involvement with the events of Fukushima. The flood of garbled information with nonsense numbers coming from people driving cars around with a single pen dosimeter to take a “dose reading” is tragically funny. You’re right about ignoring the inhalation intakes. They might not know that the inhalation pathway is more important than “groundshine.” But that’s Radiation Safety 101. Every nuclear engineer in the world should know that or have it on their bookshelf. Tis a mystery. Maybe the US NRC told them they didn’t have to worry about inhalation as long as they wore face masks. But then what about analyzing their nasal swabs? Never mind. The labs are full. No need to worry. It’s perfectly safe. Time will tell … Meantime we get to do a huge experiment to see if low doses and low dose rates actually can cause any cancers other than childhood thyroid cancers. Isn’t that grand?”  David Chanin 2011.
When a nuclear decontamination expert communicates  the concerns expressed above, people need to sit up and take notice.   I know only 2 nuclear experts: my superior officers during my time in the Army.  I am a facebook friend of an Oak Ridge worker. I have corresponded with Dr. Pazit. I have conversed, by email with Paul Frame at Oak Ridge.  These are the only nuclear experts, apart from David Chanin with whom I have conversed.  So sadly the riddle of the wonky Iodine : Cesium ratios in evidence at Fukushima is quite beyond me. The obvious chemical causes I suggested are wrong. The obvious answer which springs to anyone’s mind may or may not be correct. (ie, was fission ongoing at Fukushima later than March 2001? Who knows? ).
It’s passed time for everyone to think for themselves on the basis of the best information availabe. IMO

“Fukushima: Dispossession or Denuclearization?” now available

September 10, 2014

For most of this year a writing and publishing project has been underway around the world.

Today the project has come to completion. The contributors are:

Majia Nadesan, Adam Broinowski, Richard Wilcox, Tony Boys, Chris Busby, Paul Langley, Harvey Wasserman, Christian T. Lystbaek, Andrew McKillop, The Fukushima Five, William Banzai 7.

All proceeds after costs go to the Fukushima Collective Evacuation (Trial Team)

The book (printed version) is available at http://www.lulu.com/shop/nadesanboysmckillopwilcox-editors/fukushima-dispossession-or-denuclearization/paperback/product-21798972.html

ebook version:
http://www.lulu.com/shop/nadesanboysmckillopwilcox-editors/fukushima-dispossession-or-denuclearization/ebook/product-21799311.html

Both versions will be available at Amazon soon.

A New Blog

April 30, 2014

http://nuclearexhaust.wordpress.com

The Nuclear History Blog has become rather large and unwieldy. It is far easier for me to start a new blog, and use Nuclear History as a reference.

I’ve chosen the title Nuclear Exhaust because this is the crux of the issue in the modern world, as it has been since the beginning.

The attempt to conceal the consequences of nuclear emissions behind the false assertion that only nuclear weapons are dangerous – and that reactors and the other components of the nuclear cycle are benign – is the great lie of nuclear authorities, and has been since 1945.

Nuclear power as primary basis of state power – increasingly less democratic states – is merely one political and social way of existing. Such a state of being is not inevitable for any state. There are many ways for a state and a society to exist.

The nuclear power states are less and less the guardians of stability and prosperity – more and more they restrict free expression and claim state privilege while censoring information crucial for voters and societies to freely hold.

The demise of democracy in Japan, as established by that nation’s new secrecy laws, flows as naturally from the global nuclear industry need to hide the truth as night follows day. It is as predictable as the original and amended US Atomic Energy Act – the singular act which has enabled the nation most committed to free expression to plunge into darkness entire decades of deceit.

The truth only being revealed when it is too late for the plaintiffs, the machinery of justice and the safety of “mere” individuals.

It is a myth that nuclear industry is a zero emitter. Where is the fission and fuel emission levy?

Dr. Strangelove might mock the wind, the sun, the tides, and the heat of the core of the earth, however each trillions of horsepower are needlessly wasted. The sun falling on the Sahara alone could power the planet.

It is now too late for justice for so many military and civilian victims since 1945. It is not too late for continued clear proclamations of the truth. Unless the truth is known, abandonment of nuclear power will be caused by the economic and environmental collapse it is rushing us toward.

The thousands of nuclear refugees already present in the world are a foretaste of things to come if long known truths are not resolutely rescued from obscurity.

It is no surprise that there is no justice for nuclear veterans. To give anyone justice would be to create a legal precedent which would cut into the corporate profits of companies responsible for the assaults both old and new.

These companies have been cossetted and coddled by power drunk administrations. At the same time, governments governments cry poor and force, as in Japan, large segments of populations live in polluted areas. Areas which, as recently as 2010, were clean and happy food bowls for a land poor, talent rich population.

It is no surprise new laws increasingly gag such witness populations.

Estimated radiation doses of Fukushima returnees withheld for half a year

April 17, 2014

http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201404160056

Estimated radiation doses of Fukushima returnees withheld for half a year
April 16, 2014

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN

The government withheld findings on estimated radiation exposure for Fukushima returnees for six months, even though levels exceeded the long-term target of 1 millisievert a year at more than half of surveyed locations.

Individual radiation doses were estimated to be beyond 1 millisievert per year, or 0.23 microsievert an hour, at 24 of all the 43 surveyed sites, including ones in the Miyakoji district in Tamura, Fukushima Prefecture, The Asahi Shimbun learned April 15.

The revelation comes just two weeks after the central government lifted the evacuation order for the district on April 1.

Last July, the Cabinet Office’s working team in charge of assisting the lives of nuclear disaster victims asked the National Institute of Radiological Sciences and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency to measure air dose rates and estimate individual radiation doses at 43 locations.

The survey covered seven types of living spaces, including private residences, farmland and schools, in the prefecture’s three municipalities of Tamura, Kawauchi and Iitate.

The government’s decontamination work aims at bringing radiation levels in contaminated areas to within 20 millisieverts a year before it gives the go-ahead for residents to return.

It also intends to bring readings to 1 millisievert or less eventually. The International Commission on Radiological Protection says a reading of up to 20 millisieverts is acceptable in areas where cleanup is under way.

The central government has also proposed to distribute devices that measure individual radiation to returned evacuees, so residents can monitor their radiation doses on their own.

But some evacuees from areas affected by the Fukushima No. 1 plant nuclear accident, which was triggered by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami disaster, worry about the possibility they may be exposed to high radiation doses after returning to their homes.

For this reason, the government decided to study correlations between air dose rates and individual radiation doses around the crippled facility to prove that the amount of radiation to which residents will be exposed is sufficiently low, even when air dose rates are relatively high.

The National Institute of Radiological Sciences and the Japan Atomic Energy Agency last fall measured radiation levels at several dozens of spots at each of the 43 sites in the three municipalities. They found that individual radiation doses are typically 30 percent lower than air dose rates.

The government-affiliated bodies also discovered that average air dose rates exceeded 0.23 microsievert per hour at 27 of the 43 sites, while they estimated individual radiation doses at over 0.23 microsievert an hour at 24 locations.

In mid-October, the two agencies compiled a midterm report and submitted it to the government. But the Cabinet Office’s working team did not disclose the report until the evacuation order for the Miyakoji district was lifted. According to a member of the team, this was because the finding “has no direct relationship with lifting the evacuation orders.”

Although the government held numerous meetings with Miyakoji residents to discuss lifting the evacuation order, it never presented the survey results, nor did it even refer to the existence of the data.

The government only presented an outline of the results to the three municipalities earlier in April.

Asked to disclose the findings, the government released the survey results to The Asahi Shimbun and posted the midterm report on the website of the industry ministry.

The working team said it planned to reveal the survey’s findings and analysis of the data on April 18 after fine-tuning its final report. But the team changed its mind because The Asahi Shimbun’s request to disclose the findings made it realize that public interest in the survey was greater than expected.

(This article was written by Shinichi Sekine and Miki Aoki.)

Good News from Nuclear Veteran Dave Whyte

April 13, 2014

Dave writes:
“Hello Everyone,

I am sending you a copy of the article which appeared in the Sunday Mirror this week.

I would also like you to know that the Judge from the Upper Tier in Edinburgh has accepted my plea that my release medical document was a forgery, and he has ‘Directed’ that a fresh trial be heard where I will be given the chance to state my evidence. This will be the first time I have been permitted to tell the Courts of the true events that occurred during the British Nuclear tests at Christmas Island.

Besides the forged document, I have proof that other documents relating to dosage rates have been deliberately concealed.

I will let you know what happens.

All the best

Dave ”

As always, best of luck Dave.

It takes a long long time to fight the nukers folks.

Another great blog telling the truth

April 10, 2014

http://mariannewildart.wordpress.com/2014/04/09/sellafields-radioactive-pollution-from-the-irish-sea-to-the-arctic-omnicide-knows-no-bounds-between-wildlife-and-humans/

Radiation Free Lakeland
Preventing the Lake District from becoming a nuclear sacrifice zone. The government is looking to bury high level nuclear waste in a hole deeper than Scafell is high and bigger than the City of Carlisle. No Thanks!

Check it out.

Some Fukushima residents cleared to return home amid ongoing contamination fears

April 2, 2014

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/01/world/asia/fukushima-miyakoji-return/

Fukushima residents cleared to return home amid ongoing contamination fears
By Euan McKirdy, CNN

April 1, 2014 — Updated 1012 GMT (1812 HKT)


Families are cleared to return to a district of Tamura City in Fukushima prefecture — but is it worth the risk?

CNN) — Hundreds of residents of an area contaminated by a catastrophic reactor meltdown at a nuclear plant in northeastern Japan have been allowed to return home three years after the disaster.

An evacuation order, declared in the aftermath of a devastating tsunami that crippled the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear plant in March, 2011, was lifted at midnight on Monday from the Miyakoji district of Tamura city in Fukushima Prefecture.

Residents of the town, who have been in limbo ever since, are now free to re-inhabit their homes following decontamination work in the area.

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The Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami off Japan’s northeastern coast led to the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in 1986. Three reactors melted down, with the resulting radiation fallout forcing nearly 140,000 people from their homes.

Around 138,000 Fukushima residents remain in temporary accommodation, with a number of cities, towns and villages reduced to ghost towns due to continued high levels of radiation.

“We are doing as much as possible (to allow) the other residents can come home. We are strengthening support towards the residents (and) strengthening the decommissioning work,” a TEPCO spokesperson told CNN.

Restrictions lifted

Monday’s lifting of the exclusion order is the first time an area this close to the site has been cleared. Miyakoji is 12 miles (20 kilometers) from the plant, on the edge of the initial exclusion zone.

Prior to the lifting of the order, some Fukushima residents were allowed to stay overnight in their homes, subject to registration. All restrictions on their movements have now been lifted within the cleared district.

355 residents — out of a total 116 households — are now free to return to their homes in Miyakoji permanently. The city of Tamura is one of eleven settlements in Fukushima that are still subject to evacuation orders.

Radiation worries

However, concerns remain about background radiation levels and uncertainty surrounding the safety of the area, especially given past concerns about the reporting of radiation levels in the area by Fukushima’s operator, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). Last month, Miyakoji residents were told at a community meeting that radiation contamination levels had lowered sufficiently to enable their return to the area — though some voiced concern over existing radiation levels despite decontamination efforts around some communities.

“Yes, I am a bit worried. But it’s my land, my house, so I am feel safer and more at home here,” one resident told broadcaster NHK.

Areas are declared suitable for habitation if residents are exposed to a maximum of 20 millisieverts of radiation per year. Officials have said they would like to get radiation exposure down to one millisievert a year.

The containment effort at the wrecked Fukushima plant has been beset by problems, with regular reports of leaks of contaminated material. Earlier this year, an estimated 100 metric tons of highly contaminated water flowed over a barrier around a containment tank and is being absorbed into the ground, TEPCO said in a statement — though it denied there was any leakage into the nearby Pacific Ocean.